Hyperthermia induces expression of transforming growth factor-βs in rat cardiac cells in vitro and in vivo

Academic Article


  • Hyperthermia causes changes in expression of TGF-β mRNA and protein in cultured cardiac cells, as well as in the heart in vivo. 12 h after hyperthermia, primary cultures of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes show a two- to threefold decreased expression of TGF-β mRNAs which returns to control levels by 48 h after heat shock. In cultures of cardiac fibroblasts, expression of TGF-β mRNAs increases 5-25-fold, 12-48 h after heat shock, while fetal bovine heart endothelial cells show little change in TGF-β expression after hyperthermia. In each case, mRNAs for TGF-βs 1, 2, and 3 are regulated similarly. Hearts isolated from rats exposed to hyperthermia show an initial 20-fold decrease in TGF-β 1 and 3 mRNA levels which return to control levels by 24 h and subsequently are elevated two- to threefold above normal 48-72 h after heat shock; there is little change in TGF-β2 mRNA. Expression of immunoreactive TGF-β1 and 3 protein, localized intracellularly in myocytes, follows the same pattern as the mRNA expression. By 72 h, some myocytes show hyperstaining for TGF-β1. Staining for extracellular TGF-β1/3 exhibits the opposite time course, being most intense 3-6 h after heat shock and returning to control levels by 48 h. The increase in TGF-βs after hyperthermia could play a role in mediating the reported cardioprotective effects of heat shock.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Flanders KC; Winokur TS; Holder MG; Sporn MB
  • Start Page

  • 404
  • End Page

  • 410
  • Volume

  • 92
  • Issue

  • 1