Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI): baseline clinical and angiographic data.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • This report presents baseline clinical and angiographic data from the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI), a multicenter international trial assessing the relative efficacy of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) versus coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in selected patients with multivessel coronary artery disease. PTCA is commonly performed in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, yet its long-term efficacy in comparison to CABG is unknown. From August 1988 through August 1991, 1,829 qualifying patients with multivessel disease suitable for either procedure were randomized to PTCA or CABG; sample size estimates were based on anticipated 5-year mortality. Two registry populations were also defined for follow-up: (1) 2,013 patients eligible for randomization but not randomized; and (2) 422 patients considered by angiography as unsuitable for randomization. Patients randomized in BARI were at relatively high risk for subsequent cardiac events: 39% were > or = 65 years old, 55% had prior myocardial infarction, 69% presented with unstable angina or non-Q wave myocardial infarction, and 43% had 3-vessel coronary artery disease. Patients randomized to PTCA and CABG were equally matched in all the important baseline variables. The randomized and the eligible but not randomized groups were similar in most respects. However, the nonrandomized group had a higher proportion with college education; fewer with a history of myocardial infarction, heart failure, diabetes, and smoking; and a somewhat better average ejection fraction. At the 3-month follow-up, PTCA had been performed more commonly in the nonrandomized eligible patients, especially those with 2-vessel disease.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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    Published In

    Keywords

  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary, Clinical Trials as Topic, Coronary Artery Bypass, Coronary Disease, Educational Status, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Multicenter Studies as Topic, Quality of Life, Radiography, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Author List

  • Rogers WJ; Alderman EL; Chaitman BR; DiSciascio G; Horan M; Lytle B; Mock MB; Rosen AD; Sutton-Tyrrell K; Weiner BH
  • Start Page

  • 9C
  • End Page

  • 17C
  • Volume

  • 75
  • Issue

  • 9