Detection and specificity of antibodies secreted by spleen cells in mice immunized with Streptococcus mutans

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Immune responses of mice to Steptococcus mutans serotype c were analyzed by means of the enzyme-linked immunspot assay to determine the predominant specificities of the antibodies developed. In general, the numbers of splenic antibody-secreting cells correlated with serum antibody levels. A low dose (10 CFU) of killed whole cells injected twice intraperitoneally induced antibodies mainly against surface protein antigen I/II. A higher dose (10 CFU) given two to six times also resulted in a predominance of antigen I/II antibody-secreting cells and, in addition, antibody responses to surface protein antigen III and lipoteichoic acid occurred. Cells producing antibodies to serotype c polysaccharide were elicited only on repeated immunization. These results agreed with the development of antibodies in rabbits repeatedly immunized intravenously with killed whole cells of S. mutans, S. rattus, and S. sobrinus, which induced specific antibodies in accordance with the surface antigens that they express. Mice immunized twice with the same dose of purified antigens I/II and III developed greater numbers of antigen I/II splenic antibody-forming cells than antigen III splenic antibody-forming cells and higher serum antibody levels to antigen I/II than to antigen III. Furthermore, a single injection of antigen I/II but not of antigen III was sufficient to induce a strong specific-antibody response. Some evidence was also obtained for weak polyclonal stimulation of spleen cells by S. mutans cells and by antigen I/II, a result which could be relevant to the induction by S. mutans of antibodies reative with mammalian tissues. It was concluded that for the antigens examined, S. mutans elicited the strongest antibody response against antigen I/II, which was also highly immunogenic in purified form. 8 9
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 26270301
  • Author List

  • Russell MW; Czerkinsky C; Moldoveanu Z
  • Start Page

  • 317
  • End Page

  • 323
  • Volume

  • 53
  • Issue

  • 2