OBJECTIVE: To determine if compliance factors are associated with contact lens-related dry eye (CLDE). METHODS: The data were derived from subject responses to a compliance survey administered in a cross-sectional study including 100 healthy, daily (nonovernight), experienced soft contact lens wearers (50 normal and 50 with CLDE). Classification into normal or CLDE groups was based on Contact Lens Dry Eye Questionnaire scores, tear breakup time, and 2 hours difference between total and comfortable daily lens wear hours. The compliance survey queried aspects of lens care, rub and rinse practices, lens and lens case replacement frequency, solution replacement, and sleeping with lenses. Statistical analysis of the data was performed using unpaired T tests, χ, and Fisher exact tests as applicable. RESULTS: The average age of all subjects was 24.8±4.4 years, and 60% were women. Overall compliance rates were low for several variables including recommended replacement of contact lenses (53%), rub and rinse practices (69% and 45%, respectively), care solution topping-off (80%), and washing hands before handling lenses (48%). However, almost no compliance factors were associated with CLDE status, with the exception of perceived ease or difficulty with lens care, which was rated as more difficult by the CLDE group (P=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Overall compliance rates with contact lens care practices are very low, highlighting the need for more effective methods of patient education regarding contact lens care and compliance. However, almost no compliance factors were found to be associated with CLDE. Factors other than compliance likely play a bigger role in CLDE. © 2013 Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists.