Allelic Variants for Complement Factors C3, C4, and B in Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis

Academic Article


  • Impaired immune defense mechanisms and genetic factors appear to play a role in susceptibility to acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG). Therefore, possible etiological mechanisms might involve genes at the Major Histocompatibility Complex, which include the complement factor loci. We have tested for a possible association between certain complement factor alleles and ANUG using a case-control study design. Specific alleles at complement factors C3 and C4, and properdin factor B (Bf) loci were determined indirectly by high voltage agarose gel electrophoresis in 58 subjects with a history of ANUG and in 58 age-sex-matched healthy controls. The highest relative risk of ANUG, as obtained by conditional logistic regression, for alleles at the C3 locus was 1.9 (90% confidence limits 0.8 to 4.8; p = 0.229) for C3*F-positive individuals. The highest relative risk for alleles at the C4 locus was 2.6 (0.5 to 14.9 ; p = 0.358) for C4A*3-positive individuals. There was no evidence for an association between Bf allotype and risk of ANUG, with a relative risk of 1. 2 for Bf*F- and relative risk of 1.0 for B*S-positive individuals. None of our estimates was statistically significant. We conclude, therefore, that it is unlikely that there is any association between complement factor gene haplotype and susceptibility to ANUG. © 1988, SAGE Publications. All rights reserved.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Melnick SL; Go RCP; Cogen RB; Roseman JM
  • Start Page

  • 851
  • End Page

  • 854
  • Volume

  • 67
  • Issue

  • 5