Rapid reconstitution of humoral immunity against cytomegalovirus but not HIV following highly active antiretroviral therapy

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: To determine the kinetics of reduction in human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) load and specific anti-glycoprotein B (gB) immune responses in patients with concurrent HCMV DNAaemia following the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Design: Sequential analysis of eleven patients with HCMV DNAaemia who received HAART and eleven control patients with HCMV DNAaemia. Methods: HCMV load was measured by quantitative competitive polymerase chain reaction and anti-gB, anti-HIV Env and Gag responses by an end-point dilution immunofluorescence assay using recombinant antigens expressed in insect cells. Estimates of the efficacy of the reconstituting immune system at controlling HCMV replication were based on previous dynamic models. Results: In patients initiating HAART, HCMV DNA levels in blood declined rapidly, with a median half-life of 5.2 days, consistent with an efficacy of the reconstituting immune system at inhibiting HCMV replication of 52.8-85% (median, 61%). Commensurate with this decrease, a significant increase in anti-gB titres was observed in the post-HAART period (corresponding to an average fourfold increase in titre by 1 month rising to an eightfold increase at month 3; P= 0.01). No changes in titre were observed in the control group or for anti-HIV Gag antibody levels, while anti-HIV Env antibody levels decreased after HAART. Conclusions: In patients with HCMV DNAaemia, reconstitution of humoral immunity to HCMV gB occurs rapidly following the initiation of HAART. These changes contrast with the patterns observed for anti-HIV humoral immune responses. © 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Published In

  • AIDS  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Deayton JR; Sabin CA; Britt WB; Jones IM; Wilson P; Johnson MA; Griffiths PD; Emery VC
  • Start Page

  • 2129
  • End Page

  • 2135
  • Volume

  • 16
  • Issue

  • 16