Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of comorbidities in obese and morbidly obese children with a comparison between the 2 sets of children. Methods: This was a retrospective electronic chart review of obese and morbidly obese children and adolescents as defined by body mass index. We evaluated medical history of comorbid conditions, medication use, and cardiovascular risk markers, including blood pressure, lipid profile, and glycosylated hemoglobin. Results: There were 1,111 subjects (African American = 635; non-Hispanic white = 364; Hispanic = 36; others = 86), of which 274 were obese and 837 were morbidly obese children with a mean age of 12.7 ± 3.37 years. Morbidly obese children had a higher prevalence of prediabetes (19.5% of obese versus 27.3% of morbidly obese; P<.0001) and type 2 diabetes (39.8% of obese versus 52.4% of morbidly obese; P<.0001). Use of medications for treatment of asthma was significantly higher in the morbidly obese group compared with the obese group (21% versus 14%; P =.01). Conclusion: Morbidly obese children have a higher prevalence of diabetes, prediabetes, and use of asthma medications compared with obese children.