© 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Coronary bifurcation lesions (CBLs) are challenging and associatedwith a higher rate of adverse events than nonbifurcation lesions. In the era of drug-eluting stents, 2 primary interventional strategies for treating CBL include the complex strategy \ the main vessel (MV) and side-branch (SB) stenting, and the simple strategy \ MV stenting combined with provisional SB stenting. The meta-analysis of the simple vs. complex strategies demonstrated an increased incidence of myocardial infarction in the complex strategy. Likewise, the Tryton dedicated bifurcation stents, as compared with the simple strategy, increased the rate of myocardial infarction. In contrast, the Nordic-Baltic Bifurcation Study IV demonstrated that event rates were not significantly different comparing the simple vs. complex strategies in true bifurcation lesions involving a large SB. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has emerged as a powerful catheter based tool for the functional assessment of a stenosis, but the role of FFR on the long-term outcomes of patients with CBL has not been studied. Given the recent evidence that Tryton stents (a dedicated bifurcation stent) increased event rates, and the lack of benefit fromusing 2-stent techniques (the Nordic Baltic Bifurcation Study IV) in true CBL, assessing the FFR of the SB seems nowof outmost importance, but randomized data are lacking. An intravascular study showed that kissing balloon inflation (KBI) significantly reduced SB stenosis, restored stent lumen at the carina, and expanded stent in the proximal segment. However, a recent randomized study showed no significant benefit of routine KBI. This review highlights current concepts and future perspectives in patients with CBL.