Frequency measurements in real-time US equipment: Variations from expected values

Academic Article


  • The frequency responses of nine real-time mechanical probes and two pulsed Doppler probes from four manufacturers were measured. The reflected frequency was measured in a clinical environment by evaluating the pulser, transducer assembly, and receiver as a system. Two independent systems were used for these measurements: a spectrum analyzer and a data acquisition system that computed the fast Fourier transform of the reflected waveform. Results showed that probe frequency (calibrated by the manufacturer in the transmit mode with a hydrophone) was as much as 30% higher than that found by means of frequency measurement procedures with the probe attached to the ultrasound system and evaluated in the receive mode. Such large discrepancies indicate that if acceptance testing of the frequency spectrum is not performed at a clinical facility, prolonged clinical evaluation of new equipment should be arranged.
  • Published In

  • Radiology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Kimme-Smith C; Duerinckx AJ; Kaiser S; Jones JP; Tessler FN; Bassett LW
  • Start Page

  • 449
  • End Page

  • 452
  • Volume

  • 172
  • Issue

  • 2