Validation of two point-of-care tests against standard lab measures of NO in saliva and in serum

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2017 Elsevier Inc. Nitric oxide (NO) is an endogenous signaling molecule, which plays important roles in cardiometabolic health. A significant source of NO is dietary nitrate (NO3), which is initially metabolized by oral bacteria into nitrite (NO2−) and is subsequently converted into NO once digested in the acidic gastric environment. Inexpensive non-invasive tests for measuring nitrite from saliva have been developed as a means for individuals to monitor their NO bioavailability. However, few studies exist in the literature validating and comparing these products with standard lab assays. The objective of this study was to validate two commonly used commercial strips: Nitric Oxide Test Strips (Berkeley Test) and Nitric Oxide Indicator Strips (Neogenesis) against standard lab measures for saliva and serum nitrite/nitrate. A stratified random sample of 20 non-smoking, overweight or obese participants between 40 to 65 years of age, were selected for this study from the baseline data of the San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study (SOALS). There was a significant correlation between the measures from the two nitrite-detecting-strips after controlling for the stratification variables (metabolic syndrome, and mouthwash use) (r = 0.75). Measurements from both strips correlated significantly with salivary nitrite levels (r = 0.76 for Berkeley strips; r = 0.59 for Neogenesis). Neither of the strips had a significant correlation with the levels of saliva nitrate, serum nitrite and serum nitrate. In conclusion, commercially available Berkeley and Neogenesis strips provide a reasonable surrogate for salivary, but not for systemic nitrite levels.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Modi A; Morou-Bermudez E; Vergara J; Patel RP; Nichols A; Joshipura K
  • Start Page

  • 16
  • End Page

  • 21
  • Volume

  • 64