Malignant conversion of UV radiation and chemically induced mouse skin benign tumors by free-radical-generating compounds

Academic Article

Abstract

  • It is known that the free-radical-generating compound, benzoyl peroxide (BPO) enhances malignant conversion of murine skin benign papillomas Into carcinomas. To further define the role of free radicals in malignant conversion, we studied the effect of various free-radical-generating compounds on the conversion of benign papifiomas into carcinomas In murine skin. Papillomas were induced in Sencar mice by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) initiation and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (IPA) promotion and in SKH-1 hairless mice by biweekly exposure to UVB radiation. After 20 and 27 weeks respectively, papilloma yield stabilized and no new tumors developed. Skin application of acetone, TPA, BPO, 2,2-azobls(2-amldlno- propane) (ABP) and tei1-butyl hydroperoxybenzoic acid (BPB) increased the rate of malignant conversion in both Sencar and SKH-1 mice. In general, the rate of malignant conversion was faster in UVB-Induced tumors compared with DMBA-induced tumors. The relative efficacy of each agent was similar in both groups and was in the order: acetone
  • Published In

  • Carcinogenesis  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Athar M; Lioyd JR; Bickers DR; Mukhtar H
  • Start Page

  • 1841
  • End Page

  • 1845
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 10