Mucin-like domain of enteropeptidase directs apical targeting in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Enteropeptidase, a type II transmembrane protein of the enterocyte brush border, is sorted directly to the apical membrane of Madin-Darby canine kidney II cells. Apical targeting appears to be mediated by an N-terminal segment that contains a 27-amino acid residue O-glycosylated mucin-like domain consisting of two short mucin-like repeats, A and B. Targeting signals within these repeats were characterized by using green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a reporter. Constructs with a cleavable signal peptide and both repeats A and B were secreted apically. Similar constructs lacking mucin repeats were secreted randomly. Either repeat A or B was sufficient to direct apical targeting of GFP. O-linked oligosaccharides alone were not sufficient for targeting because fusion to a different O-glycosylated motif did not alter the random secretion of GFP, and several constructs with mutations in either repeat A or B were O-glycosylated and secreted randomly. In addition, repeat B appears to contain an apical targeting signal that functions in the absence of glycosylation. Density gradient centrifugation indicated that, unlike several other apically targeted membrane and soluble proteins, apical sorting of mucin-GFP chimeric proteins does not appear to utilize lipid rafts.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zheng X; Evan Sadler J
  • Start Page

  • 6858
  • End Page

  • 6863
  • Volume

  • 277
  • Issue

  • 9