PURPOSE: Single-isocenter VMAT has been shown able to create high quality plans for complex intracranial multiple metastasis SRS cases. Linacs capable of the technique are typically outfitted with an MLC that consists of a combination of 5 mm and 10 mm leaves (standard) or 2.5 mm and 5 mm leaves (high-definition). In this study, we test the hypothesis that thinner collimator leaves are associated with improved plan quality. METHODS: Ten multiple metastasis cases were identified and planned for VMAT SRS using a 10 MV flattening filter free beam. Plans were created for a standard (std) and a high-definition (HD) MLC. Published values for leaf transmission factor and dosimetric leaf gap were utilized. All other parameters were invariant. Conformity (plan and individual target), moderate isodose spill (V50%), and low isodose spill (mean brain dose) were selected for analysis. RESULTS: Compared to standard MLC, HD-MLC improved overall plan conformity (median: Paddick CI_HD = 0.83, Paddick CI_std = 0.79; p = 0.004 and median: RTOG CI_HD =1.18, RTOG CI_std =1.24; p = 0.01), improved individual lesion conformity (median: Paddick CI_HD,i =0.77, Paddick CI_std,i =0.72; p < 0.001 and median: RTOG CI_HD,i = 1.28, RTOG CI_std,i =1.35; p < 0.001), improved moderate isodose spill (median: V50%_HD = 37.0 cc, V50%_std = 45.7 cc; p = 0.002), and improved low dose spill (median: dmean_HD = 2.90 Gy, dmean_std = 3.19 Gy; p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: For the single-isocenter VMAT SRS of multiple metastasis plans examined, use of HD-MLC modestly improved conformity, moderate isodose, and low isodose spill compared to standard MLC. However, in all cases we were able to generate clinically acceptable plans with the standard MLC. More work is need to further quantify the difference in cases with higher numbers of small targets and to better understand any potential clinical significance. This research was supported in part by Varian Medical Systems.