This study investigated the importance of a variety of training areas for female and male entrepreneurs. Initial results indicated that the female entrepreneurs rated several training areas as significantly more important than male entrepreneurs. These differences were not found in additional significance tests conducted using a sub-sample of males and females matched on age, type of business, number of full time employees and age of business. The implication of these findings is that when male and female business owners are matched on relevant variables, the gender differences in ratings of the importance of training disappear. © 2008, Inderscience Publishers.