The intent of this paper is to state testing's definition and purpose within the selection process. A brief review of the current trend toward the increased use of testing in the selection process. An actual example of the increased use of testing in both the public and private sector is illustrated. Some discussion regarding future trends of testing - Genetic Screening, Personality Test, Honesty Test, etc. are also presented as issues of concern. © 1989 Kluwer Academic Publishers.