Identification of risk loci for crohn's disease phenotypes using a genome-wide association study

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2015 by the AGA Institute. Background Aims Crohn's disease is a highly heterogeneous inflammatory bowel disease comprising multiple clinical phenotypes. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have associated a large number of loci with disease risk but have not associated any specific genetic variants with clinical phenotypes. We performed a GWAS of clinical phenotypes in Crohn's disease. Methods We genotyped 576,818 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in a well-characterized cohort of 1090 Crohn's disease patients of European ancestry. We assessed their association with 17 phenotypes of Crohn's disease (based on disease location, disease behavior, disease course, age at onset, and extraintestinal manifestations). A total of 57 markers with strong associations to Crohn's disease phenotypes (P < 2 × 10-4) were subsequently analyzed in an independent replication cohort of 1296 patients of European ancestry. Results We replicated the association of 4 loci with different Crohn's disease phenotypes. Variants in MAGI1, CLCA2, 2q24.1, and LY75 loci were associated with a complicated stricturing disease course (Pcombined = 2.01 × 10-8), disease location (Pcombined = 1.3 × 10-6), mild disease course (Pcombined = 5.94 × 10-7), and erythema nodosum (Pcombined = 2.27 × 10-6), respectively. Conclusions In a GWAS, we associated 4 loci with clinical phenotypes of Crohn's disease. These findings indicate a genetic basis for the clinical heterogeneity observed for this inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Published In

  • Gastroenterology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 18746216
  • Author List

  • Alonso A; Domènech E; Julià A; Panés J; García-Sánchez V; Mateu PN; Gutiérrez A; Gomollón F; Mendoza JL; Garcia-Planella E
  • Start Page

  • 794
  • End Page

  • 805
  • Volume

  • 148
  • Issue

  • 4