Synthesis and Antiviral Evaluation of Octadecyloxyethyl Benzyl 9-[(2-Phosphonomethoxy)ethyl]guanine (ODE-Bn-PMEG), a Potent Inhibitor of Transient HPV DNA Amplification

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2016 American Chemical Society. Human papillomavirus (HPV) high-risk genotypes such as HPV-16 and HPV-18 cause the majority of anogenital tract carcinomas, including cervical cancer, the second most common malignancy in women worldwide. Currently there are no approved antiviral agents that reduce or eliminate HPV and reverse virus-associated pathology. We synthesized and evaluated several alkoxyalkyl acyclic nucleoside phosphonate diesters and identified octadecyloxyethyl benzyl 9-[(2-phosphonomethoxy)ethyl]guanine (ODE-Bn-PMEG) as an active compound which strongly inhibited transient amplification of HPV-11, -16, and -18 origin-containing plasmid DNA in transfected cells at concentrations well below its cytotoxic concentrations. ODE-Bn-PMEG demonstrated increased uptake in human foreskin fibroblast cells and was readily converted in vitro to the active antiviral metabolite, PMEG diphosphate. The P-chiral enantiomers of ODE-Bn-PMEG were obtained and appeared to have equivalent antiviral activities against HPV. ODE-Bn-PMEG is a promising candidate for the local treatment of HPV-16 and HPV-18 and other high-risk types, an important unmet medical need.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Beadle JR; Valiaeva N; Yang G; Yu JH; Broker TR; Aldern KA; Harden EA; Keith KA; Prichard MN; Hartman T
  • Start Page

  • 10470
  • End Page

  • 10478
  • Volume

  • 59
  • Issue

  • 23