Reversible Polymerization and Cis-Trans Isomerization Equilibria in [PdCl2{Ph2P(CH2CH2O) 4CH2CH2PPh2-P,P′}] Metallacrown Ethers

Academic Article


  • The first study of metallacrown ethers with kinetically labile metal centers is reported. The reaction of Ph2P(CH2-CH2O)4CH2CH 2PPh2 with PdCl2 in an acetonitrile-dichloromethane solution yields an equilibrium mixture of cyclic n-mers and monomers with the empirical formula [PdCl2{Ph2P(CH2CH2O) 4CH2CH2PPh2-P,P'}]. Both cis and trans coordination geometries are observed for the palladium(II) in these complexes, with the trans being the more abundant. The solution equilibria in both chloroform-d3 and acetonitrile-d3 were studied using 31P{1H}, 13C{1H}, and 1H NMR spectroscopy. A model has been developed relating the product distributions at various concentrations, obtained from integration of quantitative 31P{1H} NMR spectra, to a cis-trans equilibrium constant and equilibrium constants for the dimerization and n-merization reactions of the trans monomer. The concentration and temperature dependence of the equilibrium constants obtained from this model are consistent with the thermodynamics of cis-trans isomerization and reversible step polymerization. One surprising result from this study is that the dimerization equilibrium constant is nearly an order of magnitude smaller than the n-merization equilibrium constant.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 16854453
  • Author List

  • Smith DC; Gray GM
  • Start Page

  • 1791
  • End Page

  • 1797
  • Volume

  • 37
  • Issue

  • 8