Glucose metabolism in advanced lung cancer patients.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Although it is generally accepted that altered nutrient intake and metabolism are responsible for the progressive loss of body weight observed in most advanced cancer patients, there is still considerable controversy regarding the contributory role of changes in both resting energy expenditure (REE) and glucose metabolism. Several studies suggest increases in both REE and glucose appearance in advanced cancer patients compared with healthy control subjects, whereas others revealed no changes in either metabolic parameter. We measured REE with indirect calorimetry and glucose kinetics with a primed constant infusion of D-[U-14C]glucose and D-[6-3H]glucose over the last 4 h of a 24-h fast in 32 advanced lung cancer patients immediately after diagnosis and before any chemotherapy or radiotherapy and in 19 healthy volunteer subjects. REE for the lung cancer group was not significantly different from that in the control group (1535.8 +/- 78.0 vs. 1670.2 +/- 53.9 kcal/day, respectively, p = 0.151). When REE was expressed as a function of body weight, or lean body mass, no differences between the two groups were observed. The rate of glucose appearance was 9.88 +/- 0.36 mumol.kg-1.min-1 in the cancer patients and 10.15 +/- 0.53 mumol.kg-1.min-1 in control subjects (p = 0.667), of which 50.4 versus 58.2%, respectively, was oxidized. The amount of glucose recycled was 13.54 +/- 1.22% in cancer patients and 15.08 +/- 0.99% in control subjects (p = 0.394). The amount of VCO2 from direct oxidation of glucose was 23.39 +/- 0.74% in cancer patients and 27.45 +/- 1.36% in control subjects (p = 0.006).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Published In

  • Nutrition  Journal
  • Author List

  • Richards EW; Long CL; Nelson KM; Pinkston JA; Navari RM; Geiger JW; Gandy RE; Blakemore WS
  • Start Page

  • 245
  • End Page

  • 251
  • Volume

  • 8
  • Issue

  • 4