Positions

Overview

  • Dr. Chandler-Laney is an Associate Professor and Director of the PhD program in the Department of Nutrition Sciences. Her research focuses on elucidating the biobehavioral mechanisms that underlie the development of pediatric obesity, with a particular emphasis on understanding the role of the in utero environment in programming children's risk for obesity and cardiometabolic disease. This research involves studies of children, infants, and pregnant women. Methodologies include the assessment of body composition, biomarkers of cardiometabolic health, post-meal changes in glucose, insulin, and gut hormones, indirect calorimetry to assess resting metabolic rate and substrate metabolism, along with appetite regulation and eating behavior.
    In addition to serving as program director for the PhD program, Dr. Chandler-Laney mentors several students and postdocs, and teaches an elective course to provide structure and guidance for Nutrition Sciences PhD students when writing manuscripts and grant proposals.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2021 Secondary analysis of gut hormone data from children with and without in utero exposure to gestational diabetes: Differences in the associations among ghrelin, GLP-1, and insulin secretionPediatric Obesity.  16. 2021
    2021 Changes in Ghrelin and Glucagon following a Low Glycemic Load Diet in Women with PCOSJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  106:e2151-e2161. 2021
    2021 Percent Body Fat Content Measured by Plethysmography in Infants Randomized to High- or Usual-Volume Feeding after Very Preterm BirthJournal of Pediatrics.  230:251-254.e3. 2021
    2020 Serial assessment of fat and fat-free mass accretion in very preterm infants: a randomized trialPediatric Research.  88:733-738. 2020
    2020 Association of gestational diabetes with child feeding practices: A secondary analysis using data from mother-child dyads in the deep southAppetite.  151. 2020
    2020 Quantitative assessment of nutritive sucking patterns in preterm infantsEarly Human Development.  146. 2020
    2020 Ratings of Perceived Exertion During Walking Predicts Endurance Independent of Physiological Effort in Older WomenJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research.  34:1340-1344. 2020
    2020 Parental Self-Efficacy in New Mothers Predicts Infant Growth TrajectoriesWestern Journal of Nursing Research.  42:254-261. 2020
    2020 Associations Among Maternal Adiposity, Insulin, and Adipokines in Circulation and Human MilkJournal of Human Lactation2020
    2020 Factors Associated with Appropriate Gestational Weight Gain among Women with Obesity 2020
    2020 Modified eating in the absence of hunger test is associated with appetitive traits in infantsEating Behaviors.  36. 2020
    2020 The relationship between hourly energy balance and fat mass in female collegiate soccer players 2020
    2019 Do Women Know Their Prepregnancy Weight? 2019
    2019 Self-efficacy, infant feeding practices, and infant weight gain: An integrative reviewJournal of Child Health Care.  23:286-310. 2019
    2019 Reasons for Late-Night Eating and Willingness to Change:A Qualitative Study in Pregnant Black Women 2019
    2019 In-home obesity prevention in low-income infants through maternal and social transmissionContemporary Clinical Trials.  77:61-69. 2019
    2018 Associations of neonatal adiponectin and leptin with growth and body composition in African American infantsPediatric Obesity.  13:485-491. 2018
    2018 Association of early pregnancy body mass index with post-partum weight change among African-American womenClinical Obesity.  8:170-175. 2018
    2018 Children's food and satiety responsiveness in association with post-prandial glucose following a standardized liquid mealClinical Obesity.  8:39-42. 2018
    2018 Dietary Patterns Among Overweight and Obese African-American Women Living in the Rural SouthJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.  5:141-150. 2018
    2017 Longitudinal Analysis of Nut-Inclusive Diets and Body Mass Index Among Overweight and Obese African American Women Living in Rural Alabama and Mississippi, 2011-2013 2017
    2016 Association of late-night carbohydrate intake with glucose tolerance among pregnant African American womenMaternal and Child Nutrition.  12:688-698. 2016
    2016 Relatively low β-cell responsiveness contributes to the association of BMI with circulating glucose concentrations measured under free-living conditions among pregnant African American women 2016
    2015 Prospective associations of eating behaviors with weight gain in infants 2015
    2015 Monitoring of infant feeding behavior using a jaw motion sensorJournal of Healthcare Engineering.  6:23-40. 2015
    2014 Effects of a eucaloric reduced-carbohydrate diet on body composition and fat distribution in women with PCOS 2014
    2014 Return of hunger following a relatively high carbohydrate breakfast is associated with earlier recorded glucose peak and nadirAppetite.  80:236-241. 2014
    2014 Arterial elasticity, strength, fatigue, and endurance in older womenBioMed Research International.  2014. 2014
    2014 Gut hormone activity of children born to women with and without gestational diabetesPediatric Obesity.  9:53-62. 2014
    2014 Use of a simple liquid meal test to evaluate insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function in childrenPediatric Obesity.  9:102-110. 2014
    2013 Favourable metabolic effects of a eucaloric lower-carbohydrate diet in women with PCOSClinical Endocrinology.  79:550-557. 2013
    2013 Effects of diet macronutrient composition on body composition and fat distribution during weight maintenance and weight loss 2013
    2013 Effects of diet macronutrient composition on body composition and fat distribution during weight maintenance and weight loss 2013
    2013 Gestational and early life influences on infant body composition at 1 year 2013
    2013 Gestational and early life influences on infant body composition at 1 year. 2013
    2012 Common variants in the LAMA5 gene associate with fasting plasma glucose and serum triglyceride levels in a cohort of pre- and early pubertal children.Journal of Pediatric Genetics.  1:229-234. 2012
    2012 Body composition at 6 months of life: Comparison of air displacement plethysmography and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry 2012
    2012 Higher postprandial serum ghrelin among African-American girls before pubertyJournal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism.  25:691-696. 2012
    2012 Circulating ghrelin and GLP-1 are not affected by habitual dietRegulatory Peptides.  176:1-5. 2012
    2012 A higher-carbohydrate, lower-fat diet reduces fasting glucose concentration and improves β-cell function in individuals with impaired fasting glucose 2012
    2012 Overweight status and intrauterine exposure to gestational diabetes are associated with children's metabolic healthPediatric Obesity.  7:44-52. 2012
    2012 Common variants in the LAMA5 gene associate with fasting plasma glucose and serum triglyceride levels in a cohort of pre-and early pubertal childrenJournal of Pediatric Genetics.  1:229-234. 2012
    2012 Effects of habitual diet on ethnic differences in serum total ghrelinEndocrine.  42:359-365. 2012
    2011 Higher maternal gestational glucose concentration is associated with lower offspring insulin sensitivity and altered β-cell functionJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  96. 2011
    2011 Maternal obesity, metabolic health, and prenatal programming of offspring obesityOpen Obesity Journal.  3:42-50. 2011
    2011 Age-related changes in insulin sensitivity and β-cell function among European-American and African-American women 2011
    2011 Maternal glucose concentration during pregnancy predicts fat and lean mass of prepubertal offspringDiabetes Care.  34:741-745. 2011
    2010 Possible link between mothers high blood sugar during pregnancy and childrens reduced insulin sensitivity?Pediatric Health.  4:561-563. 2010
    2010 Adiposity and Β-cell function: Relationships differ with ethnicity and age 2010
    2010 Glucose metabolism and diet predict changes in adiposity and fat distribution in weight-reduced women 2010
    2010 Perception of exercise difficulty predicts weight regain in formerly overweight women 2010
    2010 Exercise training prevents regain of visceral fat for 1 year following weight loss 2010
    2010 Fat distribution, aerobic fitness, blood lipids, and insulin sensitivity in African-American and European-American women 2010
    2010 Ethnicity-specific anthropometric predictors of metabolic risk in women.International Journal of Body Composition Research.  8:69-76. 2010
    2010 Self-reported low vitality, poor mental health, and low dietary restraint are associated with overperception of physical exertionJournal of Obesity.  2010. 2010
    2009 Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American womenEating Behaviors.  10:202-208. 2009
    2009 Perception of Others' Body Size Influences Weight Loss and Regain for European American but Not African American WomenHealth Psychology.  28:414-418. 2009
    2009 Effect of dietary adherence with or without exercise on weight loss: A mechanistic approach to a global problemJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  94:1602-1607. 2009
    2008 Effect of a cage divider permitting social stimuli on stress and food intake in ratsPhysiology and Behavior.  95:222-228. 2008
    2007 High intake of palatable food predicts binge-eating independent of susceptibility to obesity: An animal model of lean vs obese binge-eating and obesity with and without binge-eatingInternational Journal of Obesity.  31:1357-1367. 2007
    2007 Body composition and endocrine status of long-term stress-induced binge-eating ratsPhysiology and Behavior.  91:424-431. 2007
    2007 A history of caloric restriction induces neurochemical and behavioral changes in rats consistent with models of depression 2007
    2007 A history of human-like dieting alters serotonergic control of feeding and neurochemical balance in a rat model of binge-eatingInternational Journal of Eating Disorders.  40:136-142. 2007
    2006 Binge eating in rats produced by combining dieting with stress.Current protocols in neuroscience / editorial board, Jacqueline N. Crawley ... [et al.].  Chapter 9. 2006
    2005 PYY3-36 as an anti-obesity drug targetObesity Reviews.  6:307-322. 2005
    2005 Combined dieting and stress evoke exaggerated responses to opioids in binge-eating ratsBehavioral Neuroscience.  119:1207-1214. 2005
    2005 Feeding response to melanocortin agonist predicts preference for and obesity from a high-fat dietPhysiology and Behavior.  85:221-230. 2005
    2004 Stress and hunger alter the anorectic efficacy of fluoxetine in binge-eating rats with a history of caloric restrictionInternational Journal of Eating Disorders.  36:328-341. 2004
    2004 Erratum: Does gut hormone PVY3-36 decrease food intake in rodents? (Nature (2004) 430 (165) DOI:10.1038/nature03019)Nature.  431:414. 2004
    2004 Change in CCK-8 response after diet-induced obesity and MC3/4-receptor blockadePeptides.  25:299-306. 2004
    2004 Jejunal administration of linoleic acid increases activity of neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus 2004
    2004 Jejunal administration of linoleic acid increases activity of neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. 2004
    2004 Physiology: does gut hormone PYY3-36 decrease food intake in rodents?Nature.  430. 2004
    2003 The role of palatable food and hunger as trigger factors in an animal model of stress induced binge eatingInternational Journal of Eating Disorders.  34:183-197. 2003
    2003 The CNS melanocortin system: A biological weapon against the threat of obesityCurrent Medicinal Chemistry Central Nervous System Agents.  3:201-215. 2003
    2002 A new animal model of binge eating: Key synergistic role of past caloric restriction and stressPhysiology and Behavior.  77:45-54. 2002
    2002 Incidence of chaotic eating behaviors in binge-eating disorder: Contributing factors 2002

    Research Overview

  • Biobehavioral mechanisms that underlie obesity and cardiometabolic disease.
    Role of physiology and behavior in appetite regulation.
    Developmental origins of obesity.
    Maternal weight and diabetes status during pregnancy and long-term health of women and children.
  • Investigator On

  • Center for Clinical and Translational Science (3 Linked Awards UL1, KL2, TL1)  awarded by National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences/NIH/DHHS
  • Childhood Follow-Up Study of Obesity and Neurodevelopment After Perinatal Exposure to Adjunctive Azithromycin Prophylaxis for Cesarean Delivery  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • Effect Of Increased Enteral Protein On Body Composition Of Preterm Infants: A Randomized Trial  awarded by KAUL PEDIATRIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE
  • Enhanced Body Composition and Infant Feeding Analysis for UAB Core  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA HEALTH SERVICES FOUNDATION
  • In-Home Obesity Prevention to Reach Low-Income Infants Through Maternal and Social Transmission  awarded by University of Southern California
  • Intergenerational Transmission of Obesity  awarded by American Heart Association
  • Intergenerational Transmission of Obesity - Intergenerational Transmission of Obesity: Antenatal Mother and Beyond Birth Offspring  awarded by American Heart Association
  • Intergenerational Transmission of Obesity - Intergenerational Transmission of Obesity: Antental Mother and Beyond Birth Offspring  awarded by American Heart Association
  • Prematurity Prevention and Research Related to the Microbiome (PREPARE-M)  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA HEALTH SERVICES FOUNDATION
  • Prematurity Prevention and Research Related to the Microbiome (PREPARE-M)  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA HEALTH SERVICES FOUNDATION
  • Private Grant  awarded by MEDTRONIC, INC.
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center (NORC)  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center (NORC)  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center (NORC) - Metabolism Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center - Metabolism Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center - Metabolism Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center - NORC Pilot and Feasibility Program  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • Teaching Overview

  • NTR 733 - Laboratory Instruments and Methods in Nutrition Sciences Research
    NTR 761 - Enhanced Research Productivity through Intensive Writing
  • Teaching Activities

  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2021) 2021
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2021) 2021
  • NTR699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Spring Term 2021) 2021
  • NTR733 - Lab Instr and Method Nutri Res (Spring Term 2021) 2021
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2021) 2021
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2021) 2021
  • NTR761 - EnhancResProdThruIntensWrtng (Fall Term 2020) 2020
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2020) 2020
  • NTR698 - MR Lev Non-Thesis Research (Summer Term 2020) 2020
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2020) 2020
  • NTR698 - MR Lev Non-Thesis Research (Spring Term 2020) 2020
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2020) 2020
  • NTR761 - EnhancResProdThruIntensWrtng (Fall Term 2019) 2019
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2019) 2019
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2019) 2019
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • NTR778 - Spec Topics in Nutrition Sci (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2018) 2018
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • NTR778 - Spec Topics in Nutrition Sci (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2016) 2016
  • HRP410 - Honors Project (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2015) 2015
  • NTR699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • NTR698 - MR Lev Non-Thesis Research (Summer Term 2014) 2014
  • Education And Training

  • University of Alabama at Birmingham Nutrition Sciences, Postdoctoral Research
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham 2006
  • Bachelor of Science or Mathematics in Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham 2000
  • Bachelor of Arts in Psychology, The University of Auckland 1994
  • Full Name

  • Paula Chandler-Laney