• Dr. Melanie Morris joined the faculty as an associate professor of surgery in 2010. In 2016, she was named the chief of general surgery for the Birmingham VA hospital. A native of Tennessee, she completed her undergraduate degree at Vanderbilt University and her medical degree at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. She completed her surgical residency in general surgery at Oregon Health and Science University and a colon and rectal surgery fellowship at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. Dr. Morris is a specialist in colon and rectal surgery who is dedicated to improving surgical outcomes and surgical education. She is the National Surgical Quality Improvement Project surgeon champion for UAB Hospital and actively improved in quality improvement projects to ensure the safest surgical care possible is delivered to our patients. She serves as an associate program director for the General Surgery Residency Program and mentors many residents and students.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2022 Improving surgical patient education materials using informational design with visual elements 2022
    2022 Patients undergoing colorectal surgery at a Veterans Affairs Hospital do not experience racial disparity in length of stay either before or after implementing an enhanced recovery pathwayBMC Surgery.  22. 2022
    2022 Characterizing the impact of verbal communication and health literacy in the patient-surgeon encounter 2022
    2022 Comparison of COVID-19 Rates Among In-Person and Virtual Attendees of a National Surgical Society Meeting in the USJAMA Network Open.  5:e2230300. 2022
    2022 An Implementation Assessment of the Virtual Acute Care for Elders Program From the Perspective of Key StakeholdersAnnals of Surgery.  275:E752-E758. 2022
    2022 Multidisciplinary clinics for colorectal cancer may not provide more efficient coordination of care 2022
    2022 Challenging weekend discharges associated with excess length of stay in surgical patients at Veterans Affairs hospitalsSurgery.  171:405-410. 2022
    2021 Filtering through racial disparities in postoperative venous thromboembolism 2021
    2021 NIH Funding of Researchers in Surgery: Decreased Career Development Awards Over TimeJournal of Surgical Research.  266:6-12. 2021
    2021 Psychosocial Determinants of Readmission after SurgeryMedical Care.  59:864-871. 2021
    2021 Visual teaching aids improve patient understanding and reduce anxiety prior to a colectomy 2021
    2021 The impact of an enhanced recovery program (ERP) on the costs of colorectal surgery 2021
    2021 Racial disparities exist in surgical outcomes for patients with inflammatory bowel disease 2021
    2021 Impact of Gastrointestinal Surgical Site Wound Complications on Long-term Healthcare UtilizationJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery.  25:503-511. 2021
    2020 Patient-reported health literacy scores are associated with readmissions following surgery 2020
    2020 Low Health Literacy Exists in the Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Population and Is Disproportionately Prevalent in Older African AmericansCrohn's & Colitis 360.  2:1-7. 2020
    2020 Pre-operative COVID-19 testing and decolonization 2020
    2020 The VA MISSION Act and the Future of Veterans' Access to Quality Health CareJournal of the American Medical Association.  324:343-344. 2020
    2020 Early removal of catheters in an Enhanced Recovery Pathway (ERP) with intrathecal opioid injection does not affect postoperative urinary outcomes 2020
    2020 Perioperative opioid use and pain-related outcomes in the Veterans Health Administration 2020
    2020 Patient expectations for recovery after elective surgery: a common-sense model approachJournal of Behavioral Medicine.  43:185-197. 2020
    2020 Views of primary care physicians and rheumatologists regarding screening and treatment of hyperlipidemia among patients with rheumatoid arthritisBMC Rheumatology.  4. 2020
    2020 The association of enhanced recovery pathway and acute kidney injury in patients undergoing colorectal surgeryDiseases of the Colon and Rectum.  233-241. 2020
    2019 Preoperative opioid use and postoperative pain associated with surgical readmissions 2019
    2019 Beyond Readmission: Improving Patient-Centered CareJournal of Surgical Research.  237:106-107. 2019
    2019 Comparison of a Potential Hospital Quality Metric with Existing Metrics for Surgical Quality-Associated ReadmissionJAMA Network Open.  2. 2019
    2019 SSAT State-of-the-Art Conference: Advances in the Management of Rectal CancerJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery.  23:433-442. 2019
    2019 Virtual Postoperative Visits for New Ostomates 2019
    2019 Virtual postoperative visits for new ostomates 2019
    2019 Exploring Trajectories of Health Care Utilization Before and After SurgeryJournal of the American College of Surgeons.  228:116-128. 2019
    2019 Which patient reported outcome domains are important to the rheumatologists while assessing patients with rheumatoid arthritis?BMC Rheumatology.  3. 2019
    2018 Planning post-discharge destination for gastrointestinal surgery patients: Room for improvement? 2018
    2018 A Structured Compensation Plan Improves But Does Not Erase the Sex Pay Gap in SurgeryAnnals of Surgery.  268:442-448. 2018
    2018 Association between preoperative proteinuria and postoperative acute kidney injury and readmissionJAMA Surgery.  153. 2018
    2018 Burnout is Associated With Emotional Intelligence but not Traditional Job Performance Measurements in Surgical ResidentsJournal of Surgical Education.  75:1171-1179. 2018
    2018 Association of postoperative readmissions with surgical quality using a delphi consensus process to identify relevant diagnosis codesJAMA Surgery.  153:728-737. 2018
    2018 Achieving health equity in surgery through enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS): The elimination of racial disparities in post-operative length-of-stay is sustained long-termClinical nutrition ESPEN.  25:178-179. 2018
    2018 Risk of surgical site infection (SSI) following colorectal resection is higher in patients with disseminated cancer: An NCCN member cohort studyInfection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.  39:555-562. 2018
    2018 Racial Disparities After Stoma Construction Exist in Time to Closure After 1¬†Year but Not in Overall Stoma Reversal RatesJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery.  22:250-258. 2018
    2018 Homeless Status, Postdischarge Health Care Utilization, and Readmission after SurgeryMedical Care.  56:460-469. 2018
    2018 The obese colorectal surgery patient: Surgical site infection and outcomesDiseases of the Colon and Rectum.  61:938-945. 2018
    2017 Association between preoperative hemoglobin A1c levels, postoperative hyperglycemia, and readmissions following gastrointestinal surgeryJAMA Surgery.  152:1031-1038. 2017
    2017 Reduced disparities and improved surgical outcomes for Asian Americans with colorectal¬†cancerJournal of Surgical Research.  218:23-28. 2017
    2017 The Fifth Vital Sign: Postoperative Pain Predicts 30-day Readmissions and Subsequent Emergency Department VisitsAnnals of Surgery.  266:516-524. 2017
    2017 Association of the modified frailty index with 30-day surgical readmissionJAMA Surgery.  152:749-757. 2017
    2017 Racial disparities in length-of-stay persist even with no postoperative complicationsJournal of Surgical Research.  214:14-22. 2017
    2017 Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Eliminates Racial Disparities in Postoperative Length of Stay After Colorectal SurgeryAnnals of Surgery2017
    2017 Primary Care Physician Perspectives on Barriers to Statin TreatmentCardiovascular Drugs and Therapy.  31:303-309. 2017
    2017 Hospital Readmissions after Surgery: How Important Are Hospital and Specialty Factors?Journal of the American College of Surgeons.  224:515-523. 2017
    2017 Venous thromboembolic events: How low can you go? 2017
    2017 Emotional intelligence in surgery is associated with resident job satisfactionJournal of Surgical Research.  209:178-183. 2017
    2017 Mesh Migration into the J-Pouch in a Patient with Post-Ulcerative Colitis Colectomy: A Case Report and Literature Review.Case Reports in Surgery.  2017:3617476. 2017
    2016 Local repair of stoma prolapse: Case report of an in vivo application of linear stapler devicesAnnals of medicine and surgery (2012).  11:32-35. 2016
    2016 Readmission rates after lower extremity bypass vary significantly by surgical indicationJournal of Vascular Surgery.  64:458-464. 2016
    2016 Transitional care interventions and hospital readmissions in surgical populations: a systematic review 2016
    2016 Racial Disparities in Readmissions for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) After Colorectal SurgeryJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery.  20:985-993. 2016
    2016 Postoperative 30-day readmission: Time to focus on what happens outside the hospitalAnnals of Surgery.  264:621-631. 2016
    2015 Oral antibiotic bowel preparation significantly reduces surgical site infection rates and readmission rates in elective colorectal surgeryAnnals of Surgery.  261:1034-1040. 2015
    2015 Imaging for Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseSurgical Clinics of North America.  95:1143-1158. 2015
    2014 Adoption of preoperative oral antibiotics decreases surgical site infection for elective colorectal surgery 2014
    2014 A 100% departmental mortality review improves observed-to-expected mortality ratios and University HealthSystem Consortium rankingsJournal of the American College of Surgeons.  218:554-562. 2014
    2014 The relationship between timing of surgical complications and hospital readmissionJAMA Surgery.  149:348-354. 2014
    2013 Oral antibiotic bowel preparation reduces length of stay and readmissions after colorectal surgeryJournal of the American College of Surgeons.  216:756-762. 2013
    2012 Preoperative oral antibiotics reduce surgical site infection following elective colorectal resectionsDiseases of the Colon and Rectum.  55:1160-1166. 2012
    2009 Novel management of closed degloving injuriesJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.  67. 2009
    2009 Testing of blood products in a polytrauma model: Results of a multi-institutional randomized preclinical trialJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.  67:856-864. 2009
    2009 Use of leukoreduced blood does not reduce infection, organ failure, or mortality following traumaWorld Journal of Surgery.  33:1626-1632. 2009
    2009 Thrombelastography versus AntiFactor Xa levels in the assessment of prophylactic-dose enoxaparin in critically ill patients. 2009
    2009 Thrombelastography versus antifactor Xa levels in the assessment of prophylactic-dose enoxaparin in critically ill patientsJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.  66:1509-1515. 2009
    2009 Reproducibility of an animal model simulating complex combat-related injury in a multiple-institution formatShock.  31:87-96. 2009
    2008 A novel highly porous silica and chitosan-based hemostatic dressing is superior to HemCon and gauze sponges. 2008
    2008 A novel highly porous silica and chitosan-based hemostatic dressing is superior to hemcon and gauze spongesJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.  65:884-890. 2008
    2008 Management and outcome of pneumatosis intestinalis 2008

    Research Overview

  • colon and rectal surgery, outcomes and quality improvement research
  • Education And Training

  • Oregon Health Science University Hospital & Clinic, Internship
  • Oregon Health Science University Hospital & Clinic, Residency
  • University of Texas Health Science Center, Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • Doctor of Medicine, University of Tennessee System : Memphis 2003
  • Full Name

  • Melanie Morris