• Infectious diseases doctor
    Global health researcher based in Africa
    HIV and viral hepatitis expert
    Mentor and trainer of trainers in public health, clinical medicine, and clinical research
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2022 High Unreported Mortality in Children and Youth (<25 Years) Living With HIV Who Were Lost to Care From Antiretroviral Therapy Programs in Southern Africa: Results From a Multicountry Tracing Study 2022
    2022 Advanced HIV disease management practices within inpatient medicine units at a referral hospital in Zambia: a retrospective chart reviewAIDS Research and Therapy.  19. 2022
    2022 Comparative effectiveness of in-person vs. remote delivery of the Common Elements Treatment Approach for addressing mental and behavioral health problems among adolescents and young adults in Zambia: protocol of a three-arm randomized controlled trialTrials.  23. 2022
    2022 Growth patterns of infants with in- utero HIV and ARV exposure in Cape Town, South Africa and Lusaka, ZambiaBMC Public Health.  22. 2022
    2022 Liver steatosis and metabolic dysfunction-Associated fatty liver disease among HIV-positive and negative adults in urban ZambiaBMJ Open Gastroenterology.  9. 2022
    2022 Alcohol reduction outcomes following brief counseling among adults with HIV in Zambia: A sequential mixed methods studyPLOS Global Public Health.  2:e0000240. 2022
    2022 Effect of antiretroviral therapy care interruptions on mortality in children living with HIVAIDS.  36:729-737. 2022
    2022 Screening for hepatocellular carcinoma among adults with HIV/HBV co-infection in Zambia: a pilot studyInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases.  116:391-396. 2022
    2022 Efficacy of the Common Elements Treatment Approach (CETA) for Unhealthy Alcohol Use Among Adults with HIV in Zambia: Results from a Pilot Randomized Controlled TrialAIDS and Behavior.  26:523-536. 2022
    2022 Tracing People Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Who Are Lost to Follow-up at Antiretroviral Therapy Programs in Southern Africa: A Sampling-Based Cohort Study in 6 CountriesClinical Infectious Diseases.  74:171-179. 2022
    2022 Identifying barriers to ART initiation and adherence: An exploratory qualitative study on PMTCT in ZambiaPLoS One.  17. 2022
    2022 Intersection of alcohol use, HIV infection, and the HIV care continuum in Zambia: nationally representative survey 2022
    2021 Testing the validity of the AUDIT-C and AUDIT-3 to detect unhealthy alcohol use among high-risk populations in Zambia: A secondary analysis from two randomized trialsDrug and Alcohol Dependence.  229. 2021
    2021 TREAT-B: Simple low-cost diagnostic score for when to treat hepatitis BClinical Infectious Diseases.  73:E1078-E1079. 2021
    2021 Variations in the characteristics and outcomes of children living with HIV following universal ART in sub-Saharan Africa (2006–17): a retrospective cohort studyLancet HIV.  8:e353-e362. 2021
    2021 Effect of Enhanced Adherence Package on Early ART Uptake Among HIV-Positive Pregnant Women in Zambia: An Individual Randomized Controlled TrialAIDS and Behavior.  25:992-1000. 2021
    2020 Advanced HIV disease during the ‘Treat All’ era in BotswanaAIDS.  34:2321-2323. 2020
    2020 Common Elements Treatment Approach (CETA) for unhealthy alcohol use among persons with HIV in Zambia: Study protocol of the ZCAP randomized controlled trialAddictive Behaviors Reports.  12. 2020
    2020 Hepatosplenic schistosomiasis in Zambian adults is characterized by increased liver stiffness: A nested case-control studyVaccine Reports.  6. 2020
    2020 Characterizing the double-sided cascade of care for adolescents living with HIV transitioning to adulthood across Southern AfricaJournal of the International AIDS Society.  23. 2020
    2020 Eligibility for hepatitis B antiviral therapy among adults in the general population in ZambiaPLoS One.  15. 2020
    2020 Propranolol reduces portal vein diameter in schistosomal liver disease with portal hypertension: A prospective cohort studyAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.  102:832-837. 2020
    2019 Concordance of Self- and Partner-Reported Alcohol Consumption Among Couples Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence in ZambiaAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.  43:2568-2577. 2019
    2019 High Rates of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Functional Cure among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-HBV Coinfected Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in ZambiaJournal of Infectious Diseases.  149:218-222. 2019
    2019 Care Continuum and Postdischarge Outcomes among HIV-Infected Adults Admitted to the Hospital in ZambiaOpen Forum Infectious Diseases.  6. 2019
    2019 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 RNA Detected in the Central Nervous System (CNS) after Years of Suppressive Antiretroviral Therapy Can Originate from a Replicating CNS Reservoir or Clonally Expanded CellsClinical Infectious Diseases.  69:1345-1352. 2019
    2019 Changes in rapid hiv treatment initiation after national “treat all” policy adoption in 6 sub-saharan african countries: Regression discontinuity analysisPLoS Medicine.  16. 2019
    2019 Temporal trends in co-trimoxazole use among children on antiretroviral therapy and the impact of co-trimoxazole on mortality rates in children without severe immunodeficiencyJournal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.  8:450-460. 2019
    2019 Hepatitis B Therapy as HIV Prevention in Africa: A Case Series From ZambiaHepatology.  69:458-460. 2019
    2018 High prevalence of binge drinking among people living with HIV in four African countriesJournal of the International AIDS Society.  21. 2018
    2018 Mortality and losses to follow-up among adolescents living with HIV in the IeDEA global cohort collaborationJournal of the International AIDS Society.  21. 2018
    2018 Global temporal changes in the proportion of children with advanced disease at the start of combination antiretroviral therapy in an era of changing criteria for treatment initiationJournal of the International AIDS Society.  21. 2018
    2018 Mental health comorbidity in low-income and middle-income countries: a call for improved measurement and treatmentLancet Psychiatry.  5:864-866. 2018
    2018 Lamivudine monotherapy as a holding regimen for HIV-positive childrenPLoS One.  13. 2018
    2018 No Impact of Hepatitis B Virus Infection on Early Mortality among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients in Southern AfricaClinical Infectious Diseases.  67:1310-1311. 2018
    2018 HIV Self-Testing in Lusaka Province, Zambia: Acceptability, Comprehension of Testing Instructions, and Individual Preferences for Self-Test Kit Distribution in a Population-Based Sample of Adolescents and AdultsAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.  34:254-260. 2018
    2018 Retention and mortality on antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: Collaborative analyses of HIV treatment programmes: CollaborativeJournal of the International AIDS Society.  21. 2018
    2018 Assessing the association between changing NRTIs when initiating second-line ART and treatment outcomes 2018
    2018 Chronic hepatitis B virus monoinfection at a university hospital in ZambiaWorld Journal of Hepatology.  10:622-628. 2018
    2018 Field performance of the Determine HBsAg point-of-care test for diagnosis of hepatitis B virus co-infection among HIV patients in ZambiaJournal of Clinical Virology.  98:5-7. 2018
    2018 Hepatitis B virus contact disclosure and testing in Lusaka, Zambia: A mixed-methods studyBMJ Open.  8. 2018
    2018 Point-of-care urine ethyl glucuronide testing to detect alcohol use among HIV-hepatitis B virus coinfected adults in ZambiaAIDS and Behavior.  22:2334-2339. 2018
    2018 Predictors of Infant Hepatitis B Immunization in Cameroon: Data to Inform Implementation of a Hepatitis B Birth Dose 2018
    2018 Rifaximin reduces markers of inflammation and bacterial 16S rRNA in Zambian adults with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis: A randomized control trialAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.  98:1152-1158. 2018
    2017 Trends in hepatitis B virus testing practices and management in HIV clinics across sub-Saharan AfricaBMC Infectious Diseases.  17. 2017
    2017 Stage of disease in hepatitis B virus infection in Zambian adults is associated with large cell change but not well defined using classic biomarkersTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.  111:425-432. 2017
    2017 Risk factors for impaired fasting glucose or diabetes among HIV infected patients on ART in the Copperbelt Province of ZambiaIranian Journal of Diabetes and Lipid Disorders.  16. 2017
    2017 Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy on Liver Fibrosis among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Adults with and Without HBV Coinfection in ZambiaClinical Infectious Diseases.  64:1343-1349. 2017
    2017 Awareness and management of elevated blood pressure among human immunodeficiency virus–infected adults receiving antiretroviral therapy in urban Zambia: A call to actionGlobal Health Action.  10:1-5. 2017
    2016 Association between hepatitis B co-infection and elevated liver stiffness among HIV-infected adults in Lusaka, ZambiaTropical Medicine and International Health.  21:1435-1441. 2016
    2016 Kaposi sarcoma risk in HIV-infected children and adolescents on combination antiretroviral therapy from sub-Saharan Africa, Europe, and AsiaClinical Infectious Diseases.  63:1245-1253. 2016
    2016 Liver fibrosis in treatment-naïve HIV-infected and HIV/HBV co-infected patients: Zambia and Switzerland comparedInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases.  51:97-102. 2016
    2016 Absence of active hepatitis C virus infection in human immunodeficiency virus clinics in Zambia and MozambiqueOpen Forum Infectious Diseases.  3. 2016
    2016 Hepatitis B infection, viral load and resistance in HIV-infected patients in Mozambique and ZambiaPLoS One.  11. 2016
    2016 Corrigendum to "Hepatitis B viral load in dried blood spots: A validation study in Zambia" [J. Clin. Virol. 72 (2015) 20-24] Doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2015.08.019Journal of Clinical Virology.  74:88. 2016
    2015 Pediatric HIV-HBV coinfection in Lusaka, Zambia: Prevalence and short-term treatment outcomesJournal of Tropical Pediatrics.  61:464-467. 2015
    2015 Hepatitis B viral load in dried blood spots: A validation study in ZambiaJournal of Clinical Virology.  72:20-24. 2015
    2015 Implementation of routine screening for chronic hepatitis B virus co-infection by HIV clinics in Lusaka, ZambiaJournal of Viral Hepatitis.  22:858-860. 2015
    2015 Response to 'Is AST-to-platelet ratio index a reliable tool in HIV patients in Africa?'Liver International.  35:2060. 2015
    2015 Elevated AST-to-platelet ratio index is associated with increased all-cause mortality among HIV-infected adults in ZambiaLiver International.  35:1886-1892. 2015
    2015 Validation of medicaid claims-based diagnosis of myocardial infarction using an HIV clinical cohortMedical Care.  53:e41-e48. 2015
    2014 Chronic hepatitis B virus coinfection is associated with renal impairment among zambian HIV-infected adultsClinical Infectious Diseases.  59:1757-1760. 2014
    2014 Age at antiretroviral therapy initiation predicts immune recovery, death, and loss to follow-up among HIV-infected adults in urban ZambiaAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.  30:949-955. 2014
    2014 Effect of baseline renal function on tenofovir-containing antiretroviral therapy outcomes in ZambiaClinical Infectious Diseases.  58:1473-1480. 2014
    2014 Leveraging rapid implementation of an HIV treatment policy to reduce confounding in observational analysis of antiretroviral outcomesTropical Medicine and International Health.  19:499-500. 2014
    2014 Short communication: Late refills during the first year of antiretroviral therapy predict mortality and program failure among HIV-infected adults in Urban ZambiaAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.  30:74-77. 2014
    2013 Incidence and clinical features of cerebrovascular disease among HIV-infected adults in the southeastern United StatesAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.  29:1068-1074. 2013
    2013 Antiretroviral therapy initiated during acute HIV infection fails to prevent persistent T-cell activation 2013
    2013 Do all candidemic patients need an ophthalmic examination?International Journal of Infectious Diseases.  17. 2013
    2012 Clinical scoring for risk of resistant organisms in pneumonia: Right idea, wrong interpretationClinical Infectious Diseases.  55:749-750. 2012
    2011 Herpes simplex virus type 2 mimicking necrotizing fasciitisACP journal club.  155:567-568. 2011
    2009 Influenza A virus subtyping: Paradigm shift in influenza diagnosisJournal of Clinical Microbiology.  47:3055-3056. 2009

    Research Overview

  • My research focuses on 3 areas:

    #1 Hepatitis B virus infection in sub-Saharan Africa: I want to better understanding the natural history of the infection, disease co-factors, diagnostics, and accelerating elimination through scale-up of treatment and discovery of new therapeutics. My research on HBV occurs in sub-Saharan Africa where there are distinct viral genotypes and where integration with the HIV response offers significant opportunities.

    #2 Nexus of Alcohol and HIV: I want to understand how alcohol undermines efforts at HIV epidemic control, develop sustainable and effective alcohol reduction treatment for people living with HIV, and advance the use of alcohol biomarkers, which reduce measurement issues.

    #3 Inpatient and post-discharge HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa: I want to develop individualized and health system interventions to improve HIV care at the point of hospitalization and in the post-discharge period.
  • Principal Investigator On

  • Application of Implementation Science Approaches to Assess the Effectiveness of Task-shifted WHO-PEN to Address Cardiometabolic Complications in People Living with HIV in Zambia  awarded by Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia (CIDRZ)
  • Developing Research Training in Zambia to Address the Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease and Mental Illness Amongst HIV Infested Population  awarded by Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia (CIDRZ)
  • Evaluating Implementation Strategies to Scale-Up Transdiagnostic Evidence-Based Mental Health Care in Zambia  awarded by Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia (CIDRZ)
  • Feasibility and Preliminary Effectiveness of a Transdiagnostic Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treatment Approach for Alcohol Misuse Integrated Within HIV Care in Zambia  awarded by Johns Hopkins University
  • Feasibility and Preliminary Efficacy of a Transdiagnostic Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treatment Approach for Alcohol Misuse Integrated Within HIV Care in Zambia  awarded by Columbia University
  • Feasibility of an Integrated Intervention to Reduce Advanced HIV Disease Mortality among Hospitalized Adults in Zambia  awarded by National Institute of Mental Health/NIH/DHHS
  • HVTN 705 Protocol Funds  awarded by Hutchinson (Fred) Cancer Research Center
  • Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy on Liver Fibrosis in Zambian HIV/HBV Patients  awarded by Fogarty International Center/NIH/DHHS
  • Management of HEP Cohort  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF BERN
  • Mechanisms of HBV Functional Cure During Tenofovir-based ART in HIV/HBV Coinfection  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • Private Grant  awarded by Gilead Sciences ^
  • Re-Engagement at Discharge (Re-Charge): Improving Post-Hospital Outcomes for HIV-infected Adults in Zambia  awarded by University of Maryland
  • UAB Center for AIDS Research - Care Cascade and Discharge Outcomes of Hospitalized HIV + Aambians  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • Zambia Alabama HIV Alcohol Comorbidities Program (ZAMBAMA) - CHARTZ  awarded by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/NIH/DHHS
  • Teaching Overview

  • I serve as a teaching medicine attending at UAB hospital, I mentor global health-oriented students through the UAB Sparkman Center and medical students at UAB medical school. I also serve as a mentor for numerous public health practitioners and junior investigators at Center for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia (www.cidrz.org) and for masters and PhD students at University of Zambia.
  • Education And Training

  • Rush Medical College of Rush University, Residency
  • University of North Carolina Hospital Medicine, Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • Doctor of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago 2006
  • Bachelor of Science or Mathematics in Biology, University of Illinois System : Urbana-Champaign 2001
  • Full Name

  • Michael Vinikoor