Selected Publications

Academic Article

Year Title Altmetric
2021 It’s the Situation and Your Disposition: A Test of Two Honesty Hypotheses 2021
2021 The Truth-Default and Video Clips: Testing the Limits of CredulityCommunication Studies.  72:133-145. 2021
2020 Unresolved heterogeneity in meta-analysis: Combined construct invalidity, confounding, and other challenges to understanding mean effect sizesHuman Communication Research.  46:343-354. 2020
2020 Teaching Students About Sender and Receiver Variability in Lie DetectionTeaching of Psychology.  47:84-91. 2020
2019 Documenting the truth-default: The low frequency of spontaneous unprompted veracity assessments in deception detectionHuman Communication Research.  45:286-308. 2019
2019 Five reasons why i am skeptical that indirect or unconscious lie detection is superior to direct deception detectionFrontiers in Psychology.  10. 2019
2019 How Custom Agents Really Detect LiesCommunication Research Reports.  36:84-92. 2019
2018 The Role of Consistency in Detecting Deception: The Superiority of Correspondence over CoherenceCommunication Studies.  69:483-498. 2018
2018 Differences and Similarities Between Koreans and Americans in Lying and Truth-TellingJournal of Language and Social Psychology.  37:562-577. 2018
2018 A critical look at meta-analytic evidence for the cognitive approach to lie detection: A re-examination of Vrij, Fisher, and Blank (2017)Legal and Criminological Psychology.  23:7-19. 2018
2018 Ecological validity and deception detection research designCommunication Methods and Measures.  12:45-54. 2018
2018 Scientific Evidence and Cue Theories in Deception Research: Reconciling Findings From Meta-Analyses and Primary Experiments 2018
2017 The Research of James C. McCroskey: A Personal and Professional RemembranceCommunication Research Reports.  34:376-380. 2017
2017 The Intertwined Model of Reactance for Resistance and Persuasive BoomerangCommunication Research.  44:931-951. 2017
2017 The effects of truth–lie base-rates on deception detection accuracy in KoreaAsian Journal of Communication.  27:554-562. 2017
2017 Strong Diagnostic Questioning Effects on Deception Detection Accuracy With U.S. Customs AgentsCommunication Research Reports.  34:84-87. 2017
2016 Examining sender and judge variability in honesty assessments and deception detection accuracy: Evidence for a transparent liar but no evidence of deception-general abilityCommunication Research Reports.  33:188-194. 2016
2016 Toward a Pan-cultural Typology of Deception MotivesJournal of Intercultural Communication Research.  45:1-12. 2016
2015 New and improved accuracy findings in deception detection researchCurrent Opinion in Psychology.  6:1-5. 2015
2015 A Few Prolific Liars: Variation in the Prevalence of LyingJournal of Language and Social Psychology.  34:138-157. 2015
2015 Base Rates, Deception Detection, and Deception Theory: A Reply to Burgoon (2015)Human Communication Research.  41:350-366. 2015
2015 Producing deception detection expertisePolicing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management.  38:71-85. 2015
2015 Two studies examining the error theory underlying the measurement model of the verbal aggressiveness scaleHuman Communication Research.  41:55-81. 2015
2014 Message Characteristics in Online Product Reviews and Consumer Ratings of HelpfulnessSouthern Communication Journal.  79:468-483. 2014
2014 Active Deception DetectionPolicy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences.  1:122-128. 2014
2014 Diagnostic Utility: Experimental Demonstrations and Replications of Powerful Question Effects in High-Stakes Deception DetectionHuman Communication Research.  40:262-289. 2014
2014 An Introduction to Advances in Deception TheoryJournal of Language and Social Psychology.  33:345-347. 2014
2014 Direct and Indirect Measures of Lie Detection Tell the Same Story: A Reply to ten Brinke, Stimson, and Carney (2014)Psychological Science.  25:1960-1961. 2014
2014 Expertise in deception detection involves actively prompting diagnostic information rather than passive behavioral observationHuman Communication Research.  40:442-462. 2014
2014 The Effects of Truth-Lie Base Rate on Interactive Deception Detection AccuracyHuman Communication Research.  40:350-372. 2014
2014 Theorizing About DeceptionJournal of Language and Social Psychology.  33:431-440. 2014
2014 Truth-Default Theory (TDT): A Theory of Human Deception and Deception DetectionJournal of Language and Social Psychology.  33:378-392. 2014
2013 Sharing Good and Bad News with Friends and Strangers: Reasons for and Communication Behaviors Associated with the MUM EffectCommunication Studies.  64:431-452. 2013
2013 A Defense of Publishing Nonsignificant (ns) ResultsCommunication Research Reports.  30:270-274. 2013
2013 Comparing Separate Process and Intertwined Models for ReactanceCommunication Studies.  64:273-295. 2013
2013 Teenagers Lie a Lot: A Further Investigation into the Prevalence of LyingCommunication Research Reports.  30:211-220. 2013
2013 The Impact of Accusatory, Non-Accusatory, Bait, and False Evidence Questioning on Deception DetectionCommunication Research Reports.  30:169-174. 2013
2012 The gap between reality and research: Another look at detecting deception in field settingsPolicing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management.  35:723-740. 2012
2012 The Effect of Prenatal Sex Hormones on the Development of Verbal AggressionJournal of Communication.  62:778-793. 2012
2012 The unidimensional relationship closeness scale (URCS): Reliability and validity evidence for a new measure of relationship closenessPsychological Assessment.  24:565-572. 2012
2012 Exploring Social Norms as a Group-Level Phenomenon: Do Political Participation Norms Exist and Influence Political Participation on College Campuses?Journal of Communication.  62:532-552. 2012
2012 When Do People Misrepresent Themselves to Others? The Effects of Social Desirability, Ground Truth, and Accountability on Deceptive Self-PresentationsJournal of Communication.  62:400-417. 2012
2012 A meta-analysis of trait-behavior correlations in argumentativeness and verbal aggressionJournal of Language and Social Psychology.  31:95-111. 2012
2012 Individual and cultural variations in direct communication styleInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations.  36:179-187. 2012
2012 The Problems With Some Means: Cautionary Advice Regarding Reporting and Interpreting Averages in Communication ResearchCommunication Research Reports.  29:80-85. 2012
2011 Sender demeanor: Individual differences in sender believability have a powerful impact on deception detection judgmentsHuman Communication Research.  37:377-403. 2011
2011 The Effect of Suspicion on Deception Detection Accuracy: Optimal Level or Opposing Effects?Communication Reports.  24:51-62. 2011
2011 Statistical Conclusions Validity Basics: Probability and How Type 1 and Type 2 Errors Obscure the Interpretation of Findings in Communication Research LiteraturesCommunication Research Reports.  28:115-119. 2011
2010 Online language: The role of culture in self-expression and self-construal on facebookJournal of Language and Social Psychology.  29:425-442. 2010
2010 The impact of lie to me on viewers' actual ability to detect deceptionCommunication Research.  37:847-856. 2010
2010 Breaking Good and Bad News: Direction of the MUM Effect and Senders' Cognitive Representations of News ValenceCommunication Research.  37:703-722. 2010
2010 People lie for a reason: Three experiments documenting the principle of veracityCommunication Research Reports.  27:271-285. 2010
2010 Content in context improves deception detection accuracyHuman Communication Research.  36:423-442. 2010
2010 Assessing deception detection accuracy with dichotomous truth-lie judgments and continuous scaling: Are people really more accurate when honesty is scaled?Communication Research Reports.  27:112-122. 2010
2010 Increasing deception detection accuracy with strategic questioningHuman Communication Research.  36:216-231. 2010
2010 (In)accuracy at detecting true and false confessions and denials: An initial test of a projected motive model of veracity judgmentsHuman Communication Research.  36:82-102. 2010
2010 Rankings and trends in citation patterns of communication journalsCommunication Education.  59:41-51. 2010
2010 The prevalence of lying in America: Three studies of self-reported liesHuman Communication Research.  36:2-25. 2010
2009 A multitrait-multimethod validity assessment of the verbal aggressiveness and argumentativeness scalesCommunication Monographs.  76:443-462. 2009
2009 The relationship between cheating behavior and sensation-seekingPersonality and Individual Differences.  47:944-947. 2009
2009 Sample sizes and effect sizes are negatively correlated in meta-analyses: Evidence and implications of a publication bias against nonsignificant findingsCommunication Monographs.  76:286-302. 2009
2009 Scaring the already scared: Some problems with HIV/AIDS fear appeals in NamibiaJournal of Communication.  59:317-344. 2009
2009 Negotiating a friends with benefits relationship 2009
2009 Can't live with them or can't live without them?: The effects of betrayal on relational outcomes in college dating relationshipsInternational Journal of Phytoremediation.  57:187-204. 2009
2009 High Detection Rates of Colorectal Neoplasia by Stool DNA Testing With a Novel Digital Melt Curve AssayGastroenterology.  136:459-470. 2009
2008 The language of truthful and deceptive denials and confessionsCommunication Reports.  21:82-91. 2008
2008 A communication researchers' guide to null hypothesis significance testing and alternativesHuman Communication Research.  34:188-209. 2008
2008 A critical assessment of null hypothesis significance testing in quantitative communication researchHuman Communication Research.  34:171-187. 2008
2008 Lie acceptability: A construct and measureCommunication Research Reports.  25:282-288. 2008
2007 Some conceptual and theoretical challenges for cross-cultural communication research in the 21st centuryJournal of Intercultural Communication Research.  36:205-221. 2007
2007 Testing public anxiety treatments against a credible placebo controlCommunication Education.  56:72-88. 2007
2007 The effects of argument quality and involvement type on attitude formation and attitude change: A test of dual-process and social judgment predictionsHuman Communication Research.  33:81-102. 2007
2007 The effects of the even-a-few-minutes-would-help strategy, perspective taking, and empathic concern on the successful recruiting of volunteers on campusCommunication Research Reports.  24:177-184. 2007
2006 The lying chicken and the gaze avoidant Egg: Eye contact, deception, and causal orderSouthern Communication Journal.  71:401-411. 2006
2006 Deception detection accuracy is a predictable linear function of message veracity base-rate: A formal test of park and levine's probability modelCommunication Monographs.  73:243-260. 2006
2006 Dogmatism updated: A scale revision and validationCommunication Quarterly.  54:275-291. 2006
2006 Interaction-based diversity initiative outcomes: An evaluation of an initiative aimed at bridging the racial divide on a college campusCommunication Education.  55:105-121. 2006
2006 Love styles and communication in relationships: Partner preferences, initiation, and intensificationCommunication Quarterly.  54:465-486. 2006
2006 The desirability of using confirmatory factor analysis on published scalesCommunication Research Reports.  23:309-314. 2006
2005 Tests of a theory of communicative responsibilityJournal of Language and Social Psychology.  24:358-381. 2005
2005 Testing the effects of nonverbal behavior training on accuracy in deception detection with the inclusion of a bogus training control groupWestern Journal of Communication.  69:203-217. 2005
2005 A multimethod multitrait validity assessment of self-construal in Japan, Korea, and the United StatesHuman Communication Research.  31:33-59. 2005
2005 Confirmatory factor analysis and scale validation in communication researchCommunication Research Reports.  22:335-338. 2005
2004 The dimensionality of the verbal aggressiveness scaleCommunication Monographs.  71:245-268. 2004
2004 Narcissism and empathy as predictors of obsessive relational intrusionCommunication Research Reports.  21:379-390. 2004
2004 Self-construal as a predictor of communal and exchange orientation in Taiwan and the USAAsian Journal of Social Psychology.  7:187-203. 2004
2004 The accurate reporting of software‐generated p‐values: A cautionary research noteCommunication Research Reports.  21:324-327. 2004
2003 Self-construal scales lack validityHuman Communication Research.  29:210-252. 2003
2003 Self-construal scales lack validityHuman Communication Research.  29:210-252. 2003
2003 The (in)validity of self-construal scales revisitedHuman Communication Research.  29:291-308. 2003
2003 The (in)validity of self-construal scales revisitedHuman Communication Research.  29:291-308. 2003
2003 The overestimation of effect sizes from F values in meta-analysis: The cause and a solutionCommunication Monographs.  70:52-67. 2003
2003 The relative impact of violation type and lie severity on judgments of message deceitfulnessCommunication Research Reports.  20:208-218. 2003
2002 Eta Squared, Partial Eta Squared, and Misreporting of Effect Size in Communication ResearchHuman Communication Research.  28:612-625. 2002
2002 Eta squared, partial eta squared, and misreporting of effect size in communication researchHuman Communication Research.  28:612-625. 2002
2002 Introduction: Statistical and Methodological Issues in Communication ResearchHuman Communication Research.  28:471. 2002
2002 Statistical and methodological issues in communication research - IntroductionHuman Communication Research.  28:471-471. 2002
2002 The High Cost of Complexity in Experimental Design and Data Analysis Type I and Type II Error Rates in Multiway ANOVAHuman Communication Research.  28:515-530. 2002
2002 To stay or to leave? The role of attachment styles in communication patterns and potential termination of romantic relationships following discovery of deceptionCommunication Monographs.  69:236-252. 2002
2002 What can we learn from the study of twins about genetic and environmental influences on interpersonal affiliation, aggressiveness, and social anxiety?: A meta-analytic studyCommunication Monographs.  69:1-18. 2002
2002 Group and individual accuracy in deception detectionCommunication Research Reports.  19:99-106. 2002
2002 How people really detect liesCommunication Monographs.  69:144-157. 2002
2002 One-tailed F-tests in communication researchCommunication Monographs.  69:132-143. 2002
2001 Behavioral adaptation, confidence, and heuristic-based explanations of the probing effectHuman Communication Research.  27:471-502. 2001
2001 Behavioral adaptation, confidence, and heuristic-based explanations of the probing effectHuman Communication Research.  27:471-502. 2001
2001 A probability model of accuracy in deception detection experimentsCommunication Monographs.  68:201-210. 2001
2001 The effects of power and message variables on complianceCommunication Monographs.  68:28-48. 2001
2001 Dichotomous and continuous views of deception: A reexamination of deception ratings in information manipulation theoryCommunication Research Reports.  18:230-240. 2001
2000 Sexual motives, gender, and sexual behavior 2000
2000 Norms, expectations, and deception: A norm violation model of veracity judgmentsCommunication Monographs.  67:123-137. 2000
2000 Culture and information manipulation theory: The effects of self‐construal and locus of benefit on information manipulationCommunication Studies.  51:55-73. 2000
1999 Accuracy in detecting truths and lies: Documenting the "veracity effect"Communication Monographs.  66:125-144. 1999
1999 Information manipulation theory and perceptions of deception in Hong KongInternational Journal of Phytoremediation.  21:1-11. 1999
1999 The theory of reasoned action and self-construal: Evidence from three culturesCommunication Monographs.  66. 1999
1998 Modeling the psychometric properties of information manipulation ratingsInternational Journal of Phytoremediation.  15:218-225. 1998
1998 The theory of reasoned action and self-construals: Understanding recycling in hawai'iCommunication Studies.  49:196-208. 1998
1997 Resisting compliance in the multicultural classroomCommunication Education.  46:29-43. 1997
1997 Situational intimacy as a predictor of compliance-gaining tactic selectionInternational Journal of Phytoremediation.  14:132-144. 1997
1996 Further Thoughts on Recall, Memory, and the Measurement of Listening A Rejoinder to BostromHuman Communication Research.  23:306-308. 1996
1996 Gender, love schemas, and reactions to romantic break-upsJournal of Social Behavior and Personality.  11:143-160. 1996
1996 Speaking of information manipulation: A critical rejoinerCommunication Monographs.  63:83-92. 1996
1996 A critical analysis of the behavioral adaptation explanation of the probing effectHuman Communication Research.  22:575-588. 1996
1996 Attributions of deception as a function of reward value: A test of two explanationsCommunication Quarterly.  44:478-486. 1996
1996 Can behavioral adaptation explain the probing effect? Rejoinder to Buller et al.Human Communication Research.  22:604-613. 1996
1996 The impact of self and others' argumentativeness on talk about controversial issuesCommunication Quarterly.  44:345-358. 1996
1995 The Impact of Power on Communicative Persistence, Strategic Diversity and Bargaining OutcomesCommunication Reports.  8:136-144. 1995
1994 Ethnic and Gender Differences in Opening LinesCommunication Research Reports.  11:143-151. 1994
1994 Disentangling Listening and Verbal Recall Related But Separate Constructs?Human Communication Research.  21:103-127. 1994
1994 DO INDIVIDUALS MAKE INTERVAL RATIO LEVEL RESPONSES TO MAGNITUDE SCALED ITEMSJournal of Social Behavior and Personality.  9:377-386. 1994
1993 The Impact of Argumentativeness and Verbal Aggressiveness on Strategic Diversity and Persistence in Compliance-Gaining BehaviorCommunication Quarterly.  41:405-414. 1993
1993 Argumentativeness and Resistance to PersuasionCommunication Reports.  6:71-78. 1993
1993 The Influence of Perceived Source Reward Value on Attributions of DeceptionCommunication Research Reports.  10:15-27. 1993
1992 Sex Differences in Emotional Reactions to Discovered DeceptionCommunication Quarterly.  40:289-296. 1992
1992 Linking Love and Lies: A Formal Test of the Mccornack and Parks Model of Deception DetectionJournal of Social and Personal Relationships.  9:143-154. 1992
1992 When the alteration of information is viewed as deception: An empirical test of information manipulation theoryCommunication Monographs.  59:17-29. 1992
1991 The Dark Side of Trust: Conceptualizing and Measuring Types of Communicative SuspicionCommunication Quarterly.  39:325-340. 1991
1991 Defecting and Assessing Statistical Interactions with Multiple RegressionCommunication Research Reports.  8:23-31. 1991
1990 When lies are uncovered: Emotional and relational outcomes of discovered deceptionCommunication Monographs.  57:119-138. 1990
1990 Measuring Trait Communication Apprehension: A Test Of Rival Measurement Models Of The Prca-24Communication Monographs.  57:62-72. 1990
1990 Cross‐situational consistency and use/nonuse tendencies in compliance‐gaining tactic selectionSouthern Communication Journal.  56:1-11. 1990
1990 When lovers become leery: The relationship between suspicion and accuracy in detecting deceptionCommunication Monographs.  57:219-230. 1990
1988 Individual Differences and Compliance Gaining Message Selection: The Effects of Verbal Aggressivencess, Argumentativeness, Dogmatism, and NegativismCommunication Research Reports.  5:114-119. 1988


Year Title Altmetric
2019 An overview of detecting deceptive communication.  289-301. 2019
2019 Persuasion.  261-275. 2019
2015 New Findings in Non-Verbal Lie Detection.  37-58. 2015
2010 Friends with Benefits:: A Precarious Negotiation.  91-102. 2010
2010 Measuring argumentativeness and verbal aggressiveness: Psychometric concerns and advances.  67-81. 2010
2010 Advances in deception detection.  201-220. 2010
2009 Some considerations for a new theory of deceptive communication.  16-34. 2009

Education And Training

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Communication, Journalism, and Related Programs, Michigan State University 1992
  • Full Name

  • Timothy Levine