Positions

Selected Publications

Academic Article

Year Title Altmetric
2021 Comprehensive evaluation of risk factors for neonatal hearing loss in a large Brazilian cohortJournal of Perinatology.  41:315-323. 2021
2021 Vestibular, gaze, and balance disorders in asymptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infectionPediatrics.  147. 2021
2020 Molecular characterization of Mycoplasma pneumoniae isolates in the United States from 2012 to 2018Journal of Clinical Microbiology.  58. 2020
2020 Evaluation of commercial molecular diagnostic methods for detection and determination of macrolide resistance in mycoplasma pneumoniaeJournal of Clinical Microbiology.  58. 2020
2020 SARS-CoV-2: Is it the newest spark in the TORCH?Journal of Clinical Virology.  127. 2020
2020 Contribution of congenital cytomegalovirus infection to permanent hearing loss in a highly seropositive population: The brazilian cytomegalovirus hearing and maternal secondary infection studyClinical Infectious Diseases.  70:1379-1384. 2020
2020 Erratum: Association of CMV genomic mutations with symptomatic infection and hearing loss in congenital CMV infection (BMC Infectious Diseases (2019) 19 (1046) DOI: 10.1186/s12879-019-4681-0)BMC Infectious Diseases.  20. 2020
2020 Congenital viral infections continue to affect neonatesLancet Infectious Diseases.  20:152-153. 2020
2020 Maternal Cytomegalovirus Infection and Fetal Impairment: Uncertainty RemainsClinical Infectious Diseases.  70:174. 2020
2019 Association of CMV genomic mutations with symptomatic infection and hearing loss in congenital CMV infectionBMC Infectious Diseases.  19. 2019
2019 A framework for assessing the lifetime economic burden of congenital cytomegalovirus in the United States 2019
2019 Efficacy of inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine in rural India: a 3-year cluster-randomised controlled trialThe Lancet Global Health.  7:e940-e950. 2019
2019 Cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus infections among pediatric kidney transplant recipients at a center using universal Valganciclovir ProphylaxisPediatric Transplantation.  23. 2019
2019 Macrolide-resistant mycoplasma pneumoniae in the United States as determined from a national surveillance programJournal of Clinical Microbiology.  57. 2019
2018 Seroconversion for Cytomegalovirus Infection during Pregnancy and Fetal Infection in a Highly Seropositive Population: "the BraCHS Study"Journal of Infectious Diseases.  218:1200-1204. 2018
2018 Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Congenital Cytomegalovirus InfectionJournal of Pediatrics.  200:196-201.e1. 2018
2018 Cytomegalovirus Shedding in Seropositive Pregnant Women from a High-Seroprevalence Population: The Brazilian Cytomegalovirus Hearing and Maternal Secondary Infection StudyClinical Infectious Diseases.  67:743-750. 2018
2018 Contribution of Breastfeeding to False-Positive Saliva Polymerase Chain Reaction for Newborn Congenital Cytomegalovirus ScreeningJournal of Infectious Diseases.  217:1612-1615. 2018
2018 Congenital cytomegalovirus infectionSeminars in Perinatology.  42:149-154. 2018
2017 Breast milk human cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load and the establishment of breast milk CMV-pp65-Specific CD8 T Cells in Human CMV infected mothersJournal of Infectious Diseases.  216:1176-1179. 2017
2017 Insight into long-Term neurodevelopmental outcomes in asymptomatic congenital cmv infectionPediatrics.  140. 2017
2017 Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection and Permanent Hearing Loss in Rural North Indian Children 2017
2017 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in pregnancy and the neonate: consensus recommendations for prevention, diagnosis, and therapyLancet Infectious Diseases.  17:e177-e188. 2017
2017 Newborn Dried Blood Spot Polymerase Chain Reaction to Identify Infants with Congenital Cytomegalovirus-Associated Sensorineural Hearing LossJournal of Pediatrics.  184:57-61.e1. 2017
2017 A targeted approach for congenital cytomegalovirus screening within newborn hearing screeningPediatrics.  139. 2017
2017 Pathogenesis of Non-Zika Congenital Viral InfectionsJournal of Infectious Diseases.  216:S912-S918. 2017
2017 Targeted Screening for Cytomegalovirus and Hearing LossHearing Journal.  70:10-11. 2017
2017 What to know about advances in CMV detection, preventionASHA leader / American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.  22:18-20. 2017
2016 Cost-effectiveness of universal and targeted newborn screening for congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJAMA Pediatrics.  170:1173-1180. 2016
2016 Clinical predictors of sensorineural hearing loss and cognitive outcome in infants with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection 2016
2015 Urine collection method for the diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection 2015
2015 Comparison of saliva PCR assay versus rapid culture for detection of congenital cytomegalovirus infection 2015
2014 Detection of congenital cytomegalovirus infection by real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of saliva or urine specimensJournal of Infectious Diseases.  210:1415-1418. 2014
2014 Spectrum of disease and outcome in children with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJournal of Pediatrics.  164:855-859. 2014
2013 Incidence of symptomatic A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza during the pandemic and post-pandemic periods in a rural Indian communityInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases.  17. 2013
2013 Genotypic diversity and mixed infection in newborn disease and hearing loss in congenital cytomegalovirus infection 2013
2013 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: audiologic outcome.Clinical Infectious Diseases.  57 Suppl 4. 2013
2013 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: clinical outcome.Clinical Infectious Diseases.  57 Suppl 4. 2013
2012 Estimated global mortality associated with the first 12 months of 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 virus circulation: A modelling studyLancet Infectious Diseases.  12:687-695. 2012
2012 Design and initiation of a study to assess the direct and indirect effects of influenza vaccine given to children in rural IndiaVaccine.  30:5235-5239. 2012
2011 Detection and genetic diversity of human metapneumovirus in hospitalized children with acute respiratory infections in IndiaJournal of Medical Virology.  83:1799-1810. 2011
2011 Mixed infection and strain diversity in congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJournal of Infectious Diseases.  204:1003-1007. 2011
2011 Diagnostic consequences of cytomegalovirus glycoprotein B polymorphismsJournal of Clinical Microbiology.  49:3033-3035. 2011
2011 Saliva polymerase-chain-reaction assay for cytomegalovirus screening in newbornsNew England Journal of Medicine.  364:2111-2118. 2011
2010 Cytomegalovirus viruria and DNAemia in healthy seropositive womenJournal of Infectious Diseases.  202:1800-1803. 2010
2010 Dried blood spot real-time polymerase chain reaction assays to screen newborns for congenital cytomegalovirus infectionObstetrical and Gynecological Survey.  65:484-485. 2010
2010 In reply 2010
2010 Dried blood spot real-time polymerase chain reaction assays to screen newborns for congenital cytomegalovirus infection 2010
2010 Cytomegalovirus reinfections in healthy seroimmune womenJournal of Infectious Diseases.  201:386-389. 2010
2009 Cytomegalovirus blood viral load and hearing loss in young children with congenital infection 2009
2009 Cytomegalovirus shedding and delayed sensorineural hearing loss: Results from longitudinal follow-up of children with congenital infection 2009
2008 Cytomegalovirus: A major cause of hearing loss in childrenASHA leader / American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.  13:14-17. 2008
2008 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection in a highly seropositive semi-urban population in India 2008
2007 A Prospective Three-Year Cohort Study of the Epidemiology and Virology of Acute Respiratory Infections of Children in Rural IndiaPLoS ONE.  2. 2007
2007 GJB2 and GJB6 mutations in children with congenital cytomegalovirus infectionPediatric Research.  61:687-691. 2007
2007 Impact of advanced maternal age on neonatal survival of twin small-for-gestational-age subtypesJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research.  33:259-265. 2007
2007 SGA subtypes and mortality risk among singleton birthsEarly Human Development.  83:99-105. 2007
2006 Genetic variability in the G protein gene of group A and B respiratory syncytial viruses from IndiaJournal of Clinical Microbiology.  44:3055-3064. 2006
2006 Risk factors for congenital cytomegalovirus infection in the offspring of young women: Exposure to young children and recent onset of sexual activityPediatrics (Spanish Edition).  118. 2006
2006 Genetic diversity among respiratory syncytial viruses that have caused repeated infections in children from rural IndiaJournal of Medical Virology.  78:659-665. 2006
2006 Hearing loss in children with congenital cytomegalovirus infection born to mothers with preexisting immunityJournal of Pediatrics.  148:332-336. 2006
2006 Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and hearing deficitJournal of Clinical Virology.  35:226-231. 2006
2006 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection following first trimester maternal infection: Symptoms at birth and outcomeJournal of Clinical Virology.  35:216-220. 2006
2005 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: Association between virus burden in infancy and hearing lossJournal of Pediatrics.  146:817-823. 2005
2005 Risk of congenital cytomegalovirus infection [2] (multiple letters)Clinical Infectious Diseases.  40:1701-1703. 2005
2005 Investigation of the role of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in the etiology of enlarged vestibular aqueducts 2005
2004 Interval between births and risk of congenital cytomegalovirus infectionClinical Infectious Diseases.  38:1035-1037. 2004
2003 Natural vs Vaccine-Acquired Immunity to Cytomegalovirus [4] (multiple letters) 2003
2003 Maternal Immunity and Prevention of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection 2003
2002 Predictors of hearing loss in children with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infectionPediatrics.  110:762-767. 2002
2001 Secondary maternal cytomegalovirus infection - A significant cause of congenital disease [1] (multiple letters)Pediatrics.  107:1227-1229. 2001
2001 Intrauterine transmission of cytomegalovirus to infants of women with preconceptional immunityNew England Journal of Medicine.  344:1366-1371. 2001
2000 Longitudinal investigation of hearing disorders in children with congenital cytomegalovirusJournal of the American Academy of Audiology.  11:283-290. 2000
1999 Symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection in infants born to mothers with preexisting immunity to cytomegalovirusPediatrics.  104:55-60. 1999
1999 Symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection in infants born to mothers with preexisting immunity to cytomegalovirus.Pediatrics.  104:55-60. 1999
1999 Newborn hearing screening: Will children with hearing loss caused by congenital cytomegalovirus infection be missed?Journal of Pediatrics.  135:60-64. 1999
1998 Intellectual Assessment of Children with Asymptomatic Congenital Cytomegalovirus InfectionJournal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.  19:254-259. 1998
1997 Neuroradiographic findings in the newborn period and long-term outcome in children with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infectionPediatrics.  99:409-414. 1997
1997 Progressive and fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss in children with asymptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJournal of Pediatrics.  130:624-630. 1997
1996 Hearing loss and congenital symptomatic cytomegalovirus infection: a case report of multidisciplinary longitudinal assessment and intervention.Journal of the American Academy of Audiology.  7:57-62. 1996
1995 Cytomegalovirus infection as a cause of hearing loss among children.American Journal of Public Health.  85:734-735. 1995
1994 ReplyJournal of Infectious Diseases.  169:937. 1994
1993 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection and neonatal auditory screeningJournal of Pediatrics.  123:779-782. 1993
1993 Maternal Age and Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection: Screening of Two Diverse Newborn Populations, 1980–1990Journal of Infectious Diseases.  168:552-556. 1993
1992 Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection and Maternal Antibody StatusNew England Journal of Medicine.  327:495-496. 1992
1992 The outcome of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in relation to maternal antibody statusNew England Journal of Medicine.  326:663-667. 1992
1992 The outcome of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in relation to maternal antibody statusObstetrical and Gynecological Survey.  47:544-546. 1992
1991 Sexually transmitted diseases in mothers of neonates with congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJournal of Infectious Diseases.  164:259-264. 1991
1990 Reissner's membrane in aging, Meniere's disease, and profound sensorineural deafnessORL.  52:273-280. 1990

Chapter

Year Title Altmetric
2013 The Epidemiology and Public Health Impact of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection 2013
2007 HCMV: Persistence in the population: Epidemiology and transmisson.  795-813. 2007

Investigator On

  • CMV Vaccines: Reinfection and Antigenic Variation  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS 2019 - 2024
  • Private Grant  awarded by MERCK SHARP & DOHME CORP 2019 - 2022
  • A Phase II, Single-Stage, Single Arm Investigation of Oral Valganciclovir Therapy in Infants with Asymptomatic Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2016 - 2022
  • Private Grant  awarded by MERCK SHARP & DOHME CORP 2019 - 2021
  • Neuroimaging Findings and Hearing Outcome in Asymptomatic Congenital CMV Infection  awarded by KAUL PEDIATRIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE 2019 - 2021
  • International Congenital CMV Conference and CMV Workshop  awarded by National Institute on Deafness & Other Communication Disorders/NIH/DHHS 2019 - 2020
  • Comparison Of Commercially Available Diagnostics For The Detection Of Mycoplasma Pneumoniae, Including Macrolide Resistance Determination  awarded by CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/DHHS 2018 - 2019
  • Acquisition of HCMV from Breast Milk-Correlates of Protection  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2014 - 2019
  • Viral Diversity in Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection  awarded by National Institute on Deafness & Other Communication Disorders/NIH/DHHS 2012 - 2019
  • Congenital CMV Infection in the Era of Option B in South Africa  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA 2015 - 2019
  • CMV Vaccines: Reinfection and Antigenic Variation  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS 2011 - 2018
  • The Natural History of CMV-Related Hearing Loss and the Feasibility of CMV Screening as Adjunct to Hearing Screening in the Newborn-CHIMES Follow On  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS 2012 - 2015
  • Innate Immunity and Viral Renal Allograft Injury  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2013 - 2015
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham 1990
  • Master of Sciences or Mathematics, University of Georgia 1981
  • Bachelor of Science or Mathematics, University of Alabama 1979
  • Full Name

  • Karen Fowler