Selected Publications

Academic Article

Year Title Altmetric
2020 Comparison of Resistance-Based Walking Cardiorespiratory Test to the Bruce ProtocolJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research.  34:3569-3576. 2020
2020 A graded exposure, locomotion-enabled virtual reality app during walking and reaching for individuals with chronic low back pain: Cohort gaming designJMIR Serious Games.  8. 2020
2019 Fore-aft resistance applied at the center of mass using a novel robotic interface proportionately increases propulsive force generation in healthy nonimpaired individuals walking at a constant speedJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.  16. 2019
2019 Dynamic stability during increased walking speeds is related to balance confidence of older adults: a pilot studyGait and Posture.  73:86-92. 2019
2018 Walking and balance outcomes for stroke survivors: A randomized clinical trial comparing body-weight-supported treadmill training with versus without challenging mobility skillsJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.  15. 2018
2018 Effect of forward-directed aiding force on gait mechanics in healthy young adults while walking fasterGait and Posture.  64:12-17. 2018
2018 Visual feedback during pedaling allows individuals poststroke to alter inappropriately prolonged paretic vastus medialis activityJournal of Neurophysiology.  119:2334-2346. 2018
2018 A challenge-based approach to body weight-supported treadmill training poststroke: Protocol for a randomized controlled trialJournal of Medical Internet Research.  20. 2018
2018 Minimizing postural demands of walking while still emphasizing locomotor force generation for nonimpaired individualsIEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering.  26:1003-1010. 2018
2018 White Paper: Movement System Diagnoses in Neurologic Physical TherapyJournal of Neurologic Physical Therapy.  42:110-117. 2018
2018 Step-by-step variability of swing phase trajectory area during steady state walking at a range of speedsPLoS ONE.  13. 2018
2016 Collaborative robotic biomechanical interactions and gait adjustments in young, non-impaired individualsJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.  13. 2016
2016 Speed and Incline-Based Vs Resistance-Based Treadmill Walking Tests for Determining Cardiorespiratory Fitness: 2451 June 3, 10: 45 AM - 11: 00 AM.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.  48:673. 2016
2015 Impaired H-Reflex Gain during Postural Loaded Locomotion in Individuals Post-StrokePLoS ONE.  10. 2015
2015 Limb contribution to increased self-selected walking speeds during body weight support in individuals poststrokeGait and Posture.  41:857-859. 2015
2015 Effect of progressive horizontal resistive force on the comfortable walking speed of individuals post-stroke.Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.  12:12. 2015
2015 Characteristics of horizontal force generation for individuals post-stroke walking against progressive resistive forcesClinical Biomechanics.  30:40-45. 2015
2015 Effect of progressive horizontal resistive force on the comfortable walking speed of individuals post-strokeJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.  12. 2015
2014 Foot force direction control during a pedaling task in individuals post-strokeJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.  11. 2014
2013 Impaired foot-force direction regulation during postural loaded locomotion in individuals poststrokeJournal of Neurophysiology.  110:378-386. 2013
2012 Maximum walking speeds obtained using treadmill and overground robot system in persons with post-stroke hemiplegiaJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.  9. 2012
2011 Descending control to the nonparetic limb degrades the cyclic activity of paretic leg musclesHuman Movement Science.  30:1225-1244. 2011
2011 Secondary mediation and regression analyses of the PTClinResNet database: Determining causal relationships among the International Classification of Functioning, disability and health levels for four physical therapy intervention trialsPhysical Therapy.  91:1766-1779. 2011
2011 The effects of paired associative stimulation on knee extensor motor excitability of individuals post-stroke: A pilot study 2011
2011 Relative temporal leading or following position of the contralateral limb generates different aftereffects in muscle phasing following adaptation training post-strokeExperimental Brain Research.  211:37-50. 2011
2011 Impaired muscle phasing systematically adapts to varied relative angular relationships during locomotion in people poststrokeJournal of Neurophysiology.  105:1660-1670. 2011
2010 Overground walking speed changes when subjected to body weight support conditions for nonimpaired and post stroke individualsJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.  7. 2010
2010 Gait parameters associated with responsiveness to treadmill training with body-weight support after stroke: An exploratory studyPhysical Therapy.  90:209-223. 2010
2009 An intensive, progressive exercise program reduces disability and improves functional performance in patients after single-level lumbar microdiskectomyPhysical Therapy.  89:1145-1157. 2009
2009 Bilateral limb phase relationship and its potential to alter muscle activity phasing during locomotionJournal of Neurophysiology.  102:2856-2865. 2009
2009 Development of a pedal powered wheelchairJournal of Medical Devices.  3:1-1. 2009
2008 The physical therapy clinical research network (PTClinResNet) methods, efficacy, and benefits of a rehabilitation research networkAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  87:937-950. 2008
2008 Soleus H-reflex excitability during pedaling post-strokeExperimental Brain Research.  188:465-474. 2008
2008 Feasibility of adapted aerobic cycle ergometry tasks to encourage paretic limb use after stroke: A case seriesJournal of Neurologic Physical Therapy.  32:80-87. 2008
2008 Altered trunk position sense and its relation to balance functions in people post-strokeJournal of Neurologic Physical Therapy.  32:14-20. 2008
2008 KineAssist: Design and development of a robotic overground gait and balance therapy deviceTopics in Stroke Rehabilitation.  15:131-139. 2008
2008 Lower extremity passive range of motion in community-ambulating stroke survivorsJournal of Neurologic Physical Therapy.  32:21-31. 2008
2007 Effects of task-specific locomotor and strength training in adults who were ambulatory after stroke: Results of the STEPS randomized clinical trialPhysical Therapy.  87:1580-1602. 2007
2005 Limb-loaded cycling program for locomotor intervention following strokePhysical Therapy.  85:159-168. 2005
2004 Direction-dependent phasing of locomotor muscle activity is altered post-strokeJournal of Neurophysiology.  92:2207-2216. 2004
2004 Stepping over obstacles to improve walking in individuals with poststroke hemiplegia.Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  41:283-292. 2004
2004 Creating new balance. New concepts in gait and balance training are paving the way for successful treatment.Rehab Management.  17:18-22. 2004
2004 Foot force direction control during leg pushes against fixed and moving pedals in persons post-strokeGait and Posture.  19:58-68. 2004
2004 Stepping over obstacles to improve walking in individuals with poststroke hemiplegiaJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  41:283-292. 2004
2003 Use of a bicycle ergometer for limb position sense testing during a cyclic lower limb taskNeurology Report.  27:61-66. 2003
2002 Mutability of bifunctional thigh muscle activity in pedaling due to contralateral leg force generationJournal of Neurophysiology.  88:1308-1317. 2002
2000 Contralateral movement and extensor force generation alter flexion phase muscle coordination in pedalingJournal of Neurophysiology.  83:3351-3365. 2000
2000 How revolutions in science contribute to changes in practice of neurologic rehabilitation- part iNeurology Report.  24:38-41. 2000
2000 Updating neurologic curriculum using a peer review processNeurology Report.  24:101-110. 2000
1999 Phase reversal of biomechanical functions and muscle activity in backward pedalingJournal of Neurophysiology.  81:544-551. 1999
1999 Speed-dependent reductions of force output in people with poststroke hemiparesisPhysical Therapy.  79:919-930. 1999
1998 Relationships between timing of muscle excitation and impaired motor performance during cyclical lower extremity movement in post-stroke hemiplegia 1998
1998 Bilateral integration of sensorimotor signals during pedalingAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences.  860:513-516. 1998
1998 Increased workload enhances force output during pedaling exercise in persons with poststroke hemiplegiaStroke.  29:598-606. 1998
1998 Sensorimotor state of the contralateral leg affects ipsilateral muscle coordination of pedalingJournal of Neurophysiology.  80:1341-1351. 1998
1997 Muscle activity adapts to anti-gravity posture during pedalling in persons with post-stroke hemiplegia 1997
1997 Changes in resultant pedal reaction forces due to ankle immobilization during pedalingJournal of Applied Biomechanics.  13:334-346. 1997
1996 Muscle activity patterns altered during pedaling at different body orientationsJournal of Biomechanics.  29:1349-1356. 1996
1994 The bewildering relationship between sensory input and motor output: Or a funny thing happened on the way to the motor unit!Neurology Report.  18:19. 1994
1993 Human flexor reflex modulation during cyclingJournal of Neurophysiology.  69:1212-1224. 1993
1991 An objective method for assessing graded electrically evoked afferent activity in humansElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology/Evoked Potentials Section.  81:312-318. 1991
1987 Bicycle ergometer and electromyographic feedback for treatment of muscle imbalance in patients with spastic hemiparesis. Suggestion from the fieldPhysical Therapy.  67:1715-1719. 1987
A Challenge-Based Approach to Body Weight´┐ŻSupported Treadmill Training Poststroke: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial (Preprint)
A Graded Exposure, Locomotion-Enabled Virtual Reality App During Walking and Reaching for Individuals With Chronic Low Back Pain: Cohort Gaming Design (Preprint)


Year Title Altmetric
2016 Designing robots that challenge to optimize motor learning.  39-58. 2016

Education And Training

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Kinesiology and Exercise Science, University of Iowa 1989
  • Master of Science in Physical Therapy / Therapist, Duke University 1983
  • Bachelor of Science or Mathematics in Physics, University of Rochester 1981
  • Full Name

  • David Brown