• Dr. Rocque has a primary focus in pediatric neurosurgery, including care for hydrocephalus, spina bifida, pediatric brain tumors, spasticity, peripheral nerve injuries, and Chiari malformation. In addition, Dr. Rocque practices general adult neurosurgery at the Birmingham VA Medical Center, with a focus on care for spinal disorders.
    Dr. Rocque was born and raised in Atlanta, GA. He attended the University of Georgia, where he was a member of the NCAA top-ten men’s swim team and graduated summa cum laude with majors in chemistry and biology. He received his medical degree from Washington University in St. Louis and went on to neurosurgery residency at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. During residency, he completed a Master’s Degree in Clinical Investigation. Dr. Rocque spent an additional year in Madison for a fellowship in Complex and Reconstructive Spinal Surgery prior to completing his training with the renowned pediatric neurosurgery fellowship at Children’s of Alabama.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2022 Telemedicine and Spina Bifida Transition: A Pilot Randomized TrialWorld Neurosurgery.  167:e1455-e1460. 2022
    2022 Future Directions for Global Clinical Neurosurgical Training: Challenges and OpportunitiesWorld Neurosurgery.  166:e404-e418. 2022
    2022 Team Approach: The Management of Adolescents and Adults with Scoliosis and Spina BifidaJBJS Reviews.  10. 2022
    2022 A qualitative interview study on successful pregnancies in women with spina bifidaJournal of Pediatric Urology.  18:3.e1-3.e7. 2022
    2021 Incidental Pituitary Cysts in Children: Does Growth Hormone Treatment Affect Cyst Size? 2021
    2021 Neurosurgical procedures for children with myelomeningocele after fetal or postnatal surgery: a comparative effectiveness studyDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology.  63:1294-1301. 2021
    2021 Tethered spinal cord among individuals with myelomeningocele: An analysis of the National Spina Bifida Patient RegistryJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  28:21-27. 2021
    2021 Imaging characteristics associated with surgery in Chiari malformation type IJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  27:620-628. 2021
    2021 Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Caregivers and Children with HydrocephalusWorld Neurosurgery.  148:e66-e73. 2021
    2021 Prevalence of Sleep Disordered Breathing in Children with MyelomeningoceleNeurosurgery.  88:785-790. 2021
    2021 Shunt failure clusters: An analysis of multiple, frequent shunt failuresJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  27:287-293. 2021
    2021 A model for global surgical training and capacity development: the Children’s of Alabama–Viet Nam pediatric neurosurgery partnershipChild's Nervous System.  37:627-636. 2021
    2020 Letter: Detailed analysis of hydrocephalus and hindbrain herniation after prenatal and postnatal myelomeningocele closure: Report from a single institutionNeurosurgery.  87:E727. 2020
    2020 Anxiety, depression, fatigue, and headache burden in the pediatric hydrocephalus populationJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  26:483-489. 2020
    2020 Hydrocephalus-related quality of life as assessed by children and their caregiversJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  26:353-363. 2020
    2020 Caregiver-provider communication after resection of pediatric brain tumorsJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  26:295-301. 2020
    2020 The impact of imposed delay in elective pediatric neurosurgery: an informed hierarchy of need in the time of mass casualty crisisChild's Nervous System.  36:1347-1355. 2020
    2020 Training Neurosurgeons in Myanmar and Surrounding Countries: The Resident PerspectiveWorld Neurosurgery.  139:75-82. 2020
    2020 Corpus callosotomy for treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy: A review of 16 pediatric cases in northern VietnamJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  25:582-587. 2020
    2020 Cerebrospinal fluid alterations following endoscopic third ventriculostomy with choroid plexus cauterization: a retrospective laboratory analysis of two tertiary care centersChild's Nervous System.  36:1017-1024. 2020
    2020 Functional outcomes at 2 years of age following treatment for posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus of prematurity: What do we know at the time of consult?Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  25:453-461. 2020
    2020 Health care transition in pediatric neurosurgery: A consensus statement from the American Society of Pediatric NeurosurgeonsJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  25:555-563. 2020
    2020 Neurosurgical training and global health education: Systematic review of challenges and benefits of in-country programs in the care of neural tube defectsNeurosurgical Focus.  48. 2020
    2020 Systematic review and meta-analysis of imaging characteristics in Chiari I malformation: does anything really matter?Child's Nervous System.  36:525-534. 2020
    2020 Treatment of pediatric high-grade central nervous system tumors with high-dose methotrexate in combination with multiagent chemotherapy: A single-institution experiencePediatric Blood and Cancer.  67. 2020
    2020 Assessment of craniocervical motion in down syndrome: A pilot study of two measurement techniquesJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  25:1-7. 2020
    2020 Fetal closure of myelomeningoceleJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  25:327-328. 2020
    2020 Neurosurgery guidelines for the care of people with spina bifidaJournal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine.  13:467-477. 2020
    2020 Outcomes in children undergoing posterior fossa decompression and duraplasty with and without tonsillar reduction for Chiari malformation type i and syringomyelia: A pilot prospective multicenter cohort studyJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  25:21-29. 2020
    2020 Pediatric herniated lumbar disc: A population-based risk factor analysisJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  25:311-318. 2020
    2019 Development of Common Data Elements for Use in Chiari Malformation Type i Clinical Research: An NIH/NINDS ProjectNeurosurgery.  85:854-859. 2019
    2019 Program evaluation of camp V.I.P: Promoting self-confidence and independence for patients with spina bifidaJournal of Pediatric Nursing.  47:30-35. 2019
    2019 Venous thromboembolism following inpatient pediatric surgery: Analysis of 153,220 patientsJournal of Pediatric Surgery.  54:631-639. 2019
    2019 Care management and contemporary challenges in spina bifida: A practice preference survey of the American Society of Pediatric NeurosurgeonsJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  24:539-548. 2019
    2019 Coping strategies used by caregivers of children with newly diagnosed brain tumorsJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  23:30-39. 2019
    2019 Development of an evidence-based individualized transition plan for spina bifidaNeurosurgical Focus.  47. 2019
    2019 Distress and psychosocial risk in families with newly diagnosed pediatric brain tumorsJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  23:40-47. 2019
    2019 Predictors of endoscopic third ventriculostomy ostomy status in patients who experience failure of endoscopic third ventriculostomy with choroid plexus cauterizationJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  24:41-46. 2019
    2019 The reliability and validity of a newly developed spina bifida-specific Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire: Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire-supplement (TRAQ-SB)Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine.  12:415-422. 2019
    2019 Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire Spina Bifida (TRAQ-SB) specific module and its association with clinical outcomes among youth and young adults with spina bifidaJournal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine.  12:405-413. 2019
    2018 Cerebellar tonsil ectopia measurement in type i Chiari malformation patients show poor inter-operator reliabilityFluids and Barriers of the CNS.  15. 2018
    2018 Decompression for Chiari malformation type II in individuals with myelomeningocele in the National Spina Bifida Patient RegistryJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  22:652-658. 2018
    2018 Treated hydrocephalus in individuals with myelomeningocele in the National Spina Bifida Patient RegistryJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  22:646-651. 2018
    2018 Letter to the Editor. Shunt occlusion by ventricular material.Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  1-2. 2018
    2018 Reducing inequities in preventable neural tube defects: The critical and underutilized role of neurosurgical advocacy for folate fortificationNeurosurgical Focus.  45. 2018
    2018 Surgical treatment of epilepsy in Vietnam: Program development and international collaborationNeurosurgical Focus.  45. 2018
    2018 Complications following pediatric cranioplasty after decompressive craniectomy: A multicenter retrospective studyJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  22:225-232. 2018
    2018 ResponseJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  22:224. 2018
    2018 Comparison of hydrocephalus metrics between infants successfully treated with endoscopic third ventriculostomy with choroid plexus cauterization and those treated with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt: A multicenter matched-cohort analysisJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  21:339-345. 2018
    2018 ResponseJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  21:338. 2018
    2018 Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score in children: A reliability studyJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  21:284-291. 2018
    2018 Modification of the BioMedicus centrifugal pump to provide continuous irrigation for neuroendoscopy: Technical noteJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  21:171-177. 2018
    2018 Age and factors associated with self-clean intermittent catheterization in patients with spina bifidaJournal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine.  11:283-291. 2018
    2018 Skin breakdown of the feet in patients with spina bifida: Analysis of risk factorsJournal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine.  11:237-241. 2018
    2018 The development of a lifetime care model in comprehensive spina bifida careJournal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine.  11:323-334. 2018
    2017 Spine and spinal cord injuries after falls from tree stands during the Wisconsin deer hunting season 2017
    2017 Predictors of permanent disability among adults with spinal dysraphismJournal of Neurosurgery: Spine.  27:169-177. 2017
    2017 State of global pediatric neurosurgery outreach: Survey by the International Education SubcommitteeJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  20:204-210. 2017
    2017 Trans-falcine and contralateral sub-frontal electrode placement in pediatric epilepsy surgery: technical noteChild's Nervous System.  33:1379-1388. 2017
    2017 Reliability assessment of the Biffl Scale for blunt traumatic cerebrovascular injury as detected on computer tomography angiographyJournal of Neurosurgery.  127:32-35. 2017
    2017 Surveillance survey of family history in children with neural tube defectsJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  19:690-695. 2017
    2017 A comparison of the MOMS trial results to a contemporaneous, single-institution, postnatal closure cohortChild's Nervous System.  33:639-646. 2017
    2017 Morbidity associated with 30-day surgical site infection following nonshunt pediatric neurosurgeryJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  19:421-427. 2017
    2017 Risk factors for surgical site infection following nonshunt pediatric neurosurgery: A review of 9296 procedures from a national database and comparison with a single-center experienceJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  19:407-420. 2017
    2017 Endoscopic third ventriculostomy: A historical reviewBritish Journal of Neurosurgery.  31:28-32. 2017
    2017 Dermoid of the posterior fossa in Chiari II malformation: The first reported caseJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences.  12:40-42. 2017
    2017 Genetic epidemiology of neural tube defectsJournal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine.  10:189-194. 2017
    2016 Error in the eye of the beholder: Crew resource management in neurosurgeryJournal of Neurosurgery.  125:1616-1617. 2016
    2016 Letter to the Editor: Error in the eye of the beholder: crew resource management in neurosurgery.Journal of Neurosurgery.  125:1616-1617. 2016
    2016 Outcomes of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in adultsJournal of Clinical Neuroscience.  31:166-171. 2016
    2016 Radiographic markers of clinical outcomes after endoscopic third ventriculostomy with choroid plexus cauterization: Cerebrospinal fluid turbulence and choroid plexus visualizationJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  18:287-295. 2016
    2016 Risk factors for unplanned readmission within 30 days after pediatric neurosurgery: A nationwide analysis of 9799 procedures from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement ProgramJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  18:350-362. 2016
    2016 Surgeon interrater reliability in the endoscopic assessment of cistern scarring and aqueduct patencyJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  18:320-324. 2016
    2016 Pulsatile dynamics of the optic nerve sheath and intracranial pressure: An exploratory in vivo investigationNeurosurgery.  79:100-107. 2016
    2016 Response. Neurosurgery is relevant and sustainable in AfricaJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  18:135-136. 2016
    2016 Neuroendoscopy for Intraventricular Tumor ResectionWorld Neurosurgery.  90:619-620. 2016
    2016 Clinical characteristics and neurodevelopmental outcomes of children with tuberculous meningitis and hydrocephalusDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology.  58:461-468. 2016
    2016 Improved correlation of strain indices with cognitive dysfunction with inclusion of adventitial layer with carotid plaqueUltrasonic Imaging.  38:194-208. 2016
    2016 Classification of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Patients with and without Cognitive Decline Using Non-invasive Carotid Plaque Strain Indices as BiomarkersUltrasound in Medicine and Biology.  42:909-918. 2016
    2016 Predictors of delayed recovery following pediatric sports-related concussion: A case-control studyJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  17:491-496. 2016
    2016 Cognitive Deficits in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Surgical CandidatesArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology.  31:1-7. 2016
    2016 Virtual Interactive Presence in Global Surgical Education: International Collaboration Through Augmented RealityWorld Neurosurgery.  86:103-111. 2016
    2016 Rate of shunt revision as a function of age in patients with shunted hydrocephalus due to myelomeningoceleNeurosurgical Focus.  41. 2016
    2016 Two-stage surgical resection of an atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor occupying the infratentorial and supratentorial compartment in children under two years: Report of two casesInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports.  20:49-52. 2016
    2015 Chiari malformation Type 1 and atlantoaxial instability: A letter from the Pediatric Craniocervical SocietyJournal of Neurosurgery: Spine.  23:820-821. 2015
    2015 Pediatric central nervous system solitary fibrous tumor: case reportChild's Nervous System.  31:2379-2381. 2015
    2015 Surgical Treatment of Chiari I MalformationNeurosurgery Clinics of North America.  26:527-531. 2015
    2015 Optic nerve sheath diameter as criteria for endoscopic third ventriculostomy failure in childrenChild's Nervous System.  31:1219-1220. 2015
    2015 Sleep-disordered breathing in patients with myelomeningoceleJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  16:30-35. 2015
    2015 Change in optic nerve sheath diameter as a radiological marker of outcome from endoscopic third ventriculostomy in childrenChild's Nervous System.  31:721-728. 2015
    2015 SIOP PODC adapted treatment recommendations for standard-risk medulloblastoma in low and middle income settingsPediatric Blood and Cancer.  62:553-564. 2015
    2015 Assessing health-related quality of life in children with spina bifidaJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  15:144-149. 2015
    2015 Anatomical variations and neurosurgical significance of Liliequist’s membraneChild's Nervous System.  31:15-28. 2015
    2014 Bone morphogenetic protein-associated complications in pediatric spinal fusion in the early postoperative period: An analysis of 4658 patients and review of the literatureJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  14:635-643. 2014
    2014 Pediatric endoscopic third ventriculostomy: A population-based studyJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  14:455-464. 2014
    2014 Recursive partitioning analysis of prognostic variables in newly diagnosed anaplastic oligodendroglial tumorsNeuro-Oncology.  16:1541-1546. 2014
    2014 A case for international neurosurgical experience: us resident experiences with pediatric spinal dysraphism casesNeurological Research.  36:903-905. 2014
    2014 Intraoperative ultrasound-guidance in neurosurgeryWorld Neurosurgery.  82:E409-E411. 2014
    2014 Cerebrospinal fluid flow impedance is elevated in type i chiari malformationJournal of Biomechanical Engineering.  136. 2014
    2013 Reduction of ventilator-associated pneumonia in the Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit: A Multimodality Prevention and Testing ProtocolJournal of Neurosurgical Sciences.  57:293-296. 2013
    2013 Outcomes of cranioplasty following decompressive craniectomy in the pediatric population: A systematic reviewJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  12:120-125. 2013
    2012 Impaired cognitive function in patients with atherosclerotic carotid stenosis and correlation with ultrasound strain measurementsJournal of the Neurological Sciences.  322:20-24. 2012
    2012 Journal club: Intraoperative confocal microscopy for brain tumors: A feasibility analysis in humansNeurosurgery.  71. 2012
    2012 Initial treatment patterns over time for anaplastic oligodendroglial tumorsNeuro-Oncology.  14:761-767. 2012
    2012 Response to Weltman and Fleury Malheiros, re Lassman et al.Neuro-Oncology.  14:677-678. 2012
    2012 Manucher javid, urea, and the rise of osmotic therapy for intracranial pressureNeurosurgery.  70:1049-1054. 2012
    2012 Intraventricular vs intrathecal baclofen for secondary dystonia: a comparison of complications.Neurosurgery.  70. 2012
    2011 Treatment practices for Chiari malformation Type I with syringomyelia: Results of a survey of the American Society of Pediatric Neurosurgeons: Clinical articleJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  8:430-437. 2011
    2011 International retrospective study of over 1000 adults with anaplastic oligodendroglial tumorsNeuro-Oncology.  13:649-659. 2011
    2010 The University of Wisconsin department of neurological surgeryNeurosurgery.  67:424-430. 2010
    2010 CommentsNeurosurgery.  66:968. 2010
    2010 Infraclavicular fossa as an alternate site for placement of intrathecal infusion pumps: Technical noteNeurosurgery.  66. 2010
    2009 Tumour vaccine approaches for CNS malignancies: Progress to dateDrugs.  69:241-249. 2009
    2009 Symptomatic hyperprolactinemia from an ectopic pituitary adenoma located in the clivus 2009
    2008 Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma as an initial presentation of choriocarcinoma: A case reportJournal of Medical Case Reports.  2. 2008
    2008 ResponseJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  1:433-434. 2008
    2008 Ventricular shunt tap as a predictor of proximal shunt malfunction in children: A prospective studyJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.  1:439-443. 2008
    2008 Incidental findings on brain MRI [7]New England Journal of Medicine.  358:853-855. 2008
    2007 Median to radial nerve transfer for treatment of radial nerve palsy. Case report.Journal of Neurosurgery.  107:666-671. 2007
    2007 Use of motor nerve material in peripheral nerve repair with conduitsMicrosurgery.  27:138-145. 2007
    2005 Ulnar nerve deficit after catfish sting [4]Southern Medical Journal.  98:750-751. 2005


    Year Title Altmetric
    2020 Benign Chiari I Malformation.  381-385. 2020
    2020 Syringomyelia and the chiari malformations.  197-204. 2020
    2017 Hydrocephalus.  245-252. 2017
    2015 Dorsal Rhizotomy for Spasticity.  383-391. 2015
    2010 Midbrain gliomas.  419-425. 2010

    Research Overview

  • Dr. Rocque’s research focuses on improving the experience of care for children with neurosurgical conditions and their families. He received a grant from the Kaul Pediatric Research Institute for his work to improve the transition process from pediatric to adult care for individuals with spina bifida. He received a UAB CCTS KL2 award to support his research on distress and psychosocial risk among families of children with newly diagnosed brain tumors. In addition to those ongoing projects, Dr. Rocque is exploring the psychological effects of a lifetime of neurosurgical encounters for children with hydrocephalus.
  • Education And Training

  • University of Wisconsin Hospital & Clinics, Internship
  • University of Wisconsin Hospital & Clinics, Residency
  • Childrens Hospital of Alabama, Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • University of Wisconsin Hospital & Clinics, Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • Doctor of Medicine, Washington University/St. Louis 2011
  • Master of Science in Medical Clinical Sciences / Graduate Medical Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison 2011
  • Bachelor of Science or Mathematics in Biology, University of Georgia 2001
  • Bachelor of Science or Mathematics in Chemistry, University of Georgia 2001
  • Full Name

  • Brandon Rocque
  • Fax

  • 205-638-9972