Positions

Overview

  • Barbara Gower is Professor and Vice-Chair for Research in the Department of Nutrition Sciences, and serves as Director of the Metabolism Core for the Nutrition Obesity Research Center and the Center for Clinical and Translational Science, and the Human Physiology Core for the Diabetes Research Center. Her research focus is on the interplay between diet, endocrinology, and metabolism and their relation to chronic metabolic disease, with expertise in evaluation of body composition, body fat distribution, insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function. Her two major research areas are nutrition interventions for obesity and metabolic health, and risk for type 2 diabetes in African-Americans. She recently completed two NIH-funded studies concerning the role of diet macronutrient composition on reproductive and metabolic outcomes. She currently is conducting two NIH-funded research studies to 1) test the hypothesis that in patients with type 2 diabetes, a low glycemic diet will enable return of beta-cell function by depleting pancreas lipid, even in the absence of weight loss, and 2) test the hypothesis that in obese African American women, an insulin-lowering diet will improve loss of fat mass during weight loss and result in greater weight loss maintenance, in part by increasing energy expenditure.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2019 Utilizing a low-carbohydrate/high-protein diet to improve metabolic health in individuals with spinal cord injury (DISH): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial 2019
    2019 A Ketogenic Diet Is Acceptable in Women with Ovarian and Endometrial Cancer and Has No Adverse Effects on Blood Lipids: a Randomized, Controlled Trial. 2019
    2019 Corrigendum to “Dietary carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management: Critical review and evidence base” [Nutrition 31 (2015) 1-13] (Nutrition (2015) 31(1) (1–13), (S0899900714003323), (10.1016/j.nut.2014.06.011)) 2019
    2019 Oral Supplementation with Beta-Hydroxy-Beta-Methylbutyrate, Arginine, and Glutamine Improves Lean Body Mass in Healthy Older Adults 2019
    2019 Acute Effects of Exercise Intensity on Insulin Sensitivity under Energy Balance 2019
    2019 Concentration-dependent effects of a dietary ketone ester on components of energy balance in mice 2019
    2019 The Effect of Low-Carbohydrate and Low-Fat Diets on Pain in Individuals with Knee Osteoarthritis. 2019
    2019 Conceptual model of lean body mass in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease 2019
    2019 Chronic Inflammation in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Mediators of Skeletal Muscle Pathology and Physical Impairment: A Review 2019
    2019 Effect of race on the relationship between child maltreatment and obesity in Whites and Blacks 2019
    2018 Comparison of segmental body composition estimated by bioelectrical impedance analysis and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry 2018
    2018 Dissection of hepatic versus extra-hepatic insulin clearance: Ethnic differences in childhood 2018
    2018 Sleep quality is differentially related to adiposity in adults 2018
    2018 The ketogenic diet as a non-pharmacological treatment for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder: A descriptive analysis 2018
    2018 A method for measuring human body composition using digital images 2018
    2018 The sliding set-point: how insulin and diet interact to explain the obesity epidemic (and how to fix it) 2018
    2018 Favorable effects of a ketogenic diet on physical function, perceived energy, and food cravings in women with ovarian or endometrial cancer: A randomized, controlled trial 2018
    2018 Higher carbohydrate intake is associated with increased risk of all-cause and disease-specific mortality in head and neck cancer patients: results from a prospective cohort study 2018
    2018 Associations of neonatal adiponectin and leptin with growth and body composition in African American infants 2018
    2018 Effects of a Standard American Diet and an anti-inflammatory diet in male and female mice 2018
    2018 Pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes in Children and Adolescents. 2018
    2018 Balanced high fat diet reduces cardiovascular risk in obese women although changes in adipose tissue, lipoproteins, and insulin resistance differ by race 2018
    2018 Effectiveness of a carbohydrate restricted diet to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescents with obesity: Trial design and methodology 2018
    2018 A high-fat compared with a high-carbohydrate breakfast enhances 24-hour fat oxidation in older adults 2018
    2018 A ketogenic diet reduces central obesity and serum insulin in women with ovarian or endometrial cancer 2018
    2018 The ketogenic diet as a non-pharmacological treatment for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder: A descriptive analysis. 2018
    2017 Effects of Calorie Restriction in Obese Older Adults: The CROSSROADS Randomized Controlled Trial 2017
    2017 Chest computed tomography-derived low fat-free mass index and mortality in COPD 2017
    2017 Effects of acute hyperinsulinemia on skeletal muscle mitochondrial function, reactive oxygen species production, and metabolism in premenopausal women 2017
    2017 Potential Causes of Elevated REE after High-Intensity Exercise 2017
    2017 Gender-specific relationship between obesity and major depression 2017
    2017 Hepatic but not extrahepatic insulin clearance is lower in African American than in European American women 2017
    2017 The impact of the Standard American Diet in rats: Effects on behavior, physiology and recovery from inflammatory injury 2017
    2017 Central fat accretion and insulin sensitivity: Differential relationships in parous and nulliparous women 2017
    2017 Associations of human skeletal muscle fiber type and insulin sensitivity, blood lipids, and vascular hemodynamics in a cohort of premenopausal women 2017
    2017 Childhood maltreatment is an independent risk factor for prediabetic disturbances in glucose regulation 2017
    2017 Alterations in hemoglobin and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D are related before and after weight loss independent of African Admixture 2017
    2017 African ancestry gradient is associated with lower systemic f2-isoprostane levels 2017
    2017 Associations of Mitochondrial Fatty Acid Oxidation with Body Fat in Premenopausal Women 2017
    2017 Peri-muscular adipose tissue may play a unique role in determining insulin sensitivity/resistance in women with PCOS 2017
    2017 Peri-muscular adipose tissue may play a unique role in determining insulin sensitivity/resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome 2017
    2016 Calorie restriction in overweight older adults: Do benefits exceed potential risks? 2016
    2016 Association of late-night carbohydrate intake with glucose tolerance among pregnant African American women 2016
    2016 Comparison of the Lunar Prodigy and iDXA Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometers for Assessing Total and Regional Body Composition 2016
    2016 Comparison of the Lunar Prodigy and iDXA Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometers for Assessing Total and Regional Body Composition. 2016
    2016 Erratum: Associations of total and undercarboxylated osteocalcin with peripheral and hepatic insulin sensitivity and B cell function in overweight adults (J Clin Endocrinol (2013) 98:7 (E1173-E1180) doi: 10.1210/jc.2013-1203) 2016
    2016 Relatively low β-cell responsiveness contributes to the association of BMI with circulating glucose concentrations measured under free-living conditions among pregnant African American women 2016
    2016 Systolic blood pressure response after high-intensity interval exercise is independently related to decreased small arterial elasticity in normotensive African American women 2016
    2016 Impact of Major Depressive Disorder on Prediabetes by Impairing Insulin Sensitivity. 2016
    2016 Erratum: Baseline insulin sensitivity affects response to high-amylose maize resistant starch in women: A randomized, controlled trial (Nutrition and Metabolism (2016) 13:2 DOI 10.1186/s12986-016-0062-5) 2016
    2016 Baseline insulin sensitivity affects response to high-amylose maize resistant starch in women: A randomized, controlled trial 2016
    2016 Effects of 6-month supplementation with β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate, glutamine and arginine on vascular endothelial function of older adults 2016
    2016 Total Western Diet Alters Mechanical and Thermal Sensitivity and Prolongs Hypersensitivity Following Complete Freund's Adjuvant in Mice 2016
    2015 Childhood maltreatment increases the risk for visceral obesity 2015
    2015 A lower-carbohydrate, higher-fat diet reduces abdominal and intermuscular fat and increases insulin sensitivity in adults at risk of type 2 diabetes 2015
    2015 Dietary carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management: Critical review and evidence base 2015
    2015 Ictal adipokines are associated with pain severity and treatment response in episodic migraine 2015
    2014 Associations between vascular health indices and serum total, free and bioavailable 25-hydroxyvitamin D in adolescents 2014
    2014 Return of hunger following a relatively high carbohydrate breakfast is associated with earlier recorded glucose peak and nadir 2014
    2014 Dietary carbohydrate restriction as the first approach in diabetes management: Critical review and evidence base 2014
    2014 Cardiorespiratory fitness in older adult women: relationships with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D 2014
    2014 Exercise dose and diabetes risk in overweight and obese children: A randomized control trial 2014
    2014 Calorie Restriction in Overweight Seniors: Response of Older Adults to a Dieting Study: The CROSSROADS Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial 2014
    2014 Cardiorespiratory fitness in older adult women: relationships with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D 2014
    2014 Effects of a eucaloric reduced-carbohydrate diet on body composition and fat distribution in women with PCOS 2014
    2014 Effects of a eucaloric reduced-carbohydrate diet on body composition and fat distribution in women with PCOS 2014
    2014 Gut hormone activity of children born to women with and without gestational diabetes 2014
    2014 Insulin resistance indices are inversely associated with vitamin D binding protein concentrations 2014
    2014 Use of a simple liquid meal test to evaluate insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function in children 2014
    2013 Divergent Effects of Obesity on Bone Health 2013
    2013 Favourable metabolic effects of a eucaloric lower-carbohydrate diet in women with PCOS 2013
    2013 Higher Serum Insulin Concentrations Positively Influence the Bone Mineral Density in African American Adolescents. 2013
    2013 Subclinical Indication of Linkage between Markers of Skeletal and Cardiovascular Properties 2013
    2013 Effects of diet macronutrient composition on body composition and fat distribution during weight maintenance and weight loss 2013
    2013 Racial differences in adiponectin and leptin in healthy premenopausal women 2013
    2013 Favorite foods of older adults living in the Black Belt Region of the United States. Influences of ethnicity, gender, and education 2013
    2013 Ictal adiponectin levels in episodic migraineurs: A randomized pilot trial 2013
    2013 The effects of weight loss on relative bone mineral density in premenopausal women 2013
    2013 Oxidative stress and cardiovascular risk in overweight children in an exercise intervention program 2013
    2013 Insulin sensitivity affects propensity to obesity in an ethnic-specific manner: Results from two controlled weight loss intervention studies 2013
    2013 Associations of Total and Undercarboxylated Osteocalcin with Peripheral and Hepatic Insulin Sensitivity and β-Cell Function in Overweight Adults 2013
    2013 Effects of diet macronutrient composition on body composition and fat distribution during weight maintenance and weight loss 2013
    2013 Gestational and early life influences on infant body composition at 1 year 2013
    2013 Gestational and early life influences on infant body composition at 1 year. 2013
    2012 Associations of C-reactive protein to indices of vascular health and the influence of serum 25(OH)D status in healthy adults 2012
    2012 Insulin sensitivity is associated with thigh adipose tissue distribution in healthy postmenopausal women 2012
    2012 Effects of habitual diet on ethnic differences in serum total ghrelin 2012
    2012 Exercise dose and diabetes risk in overweight and obese children: A randomized controlled trial 2012
    2012 Higher postprandial serum ghrelin among African-American girls before puberty 2012
    2012 Response to effect of diet with and without exercise training on markers of inflammation and fat distribution in overweight women 2012
    2012 Circulating ghrelin and GLP-1 are not affected by habitual diet 2012
    2012 Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and Ethnic Differences in Arterial Stiffness and Endothelial Function. 2012
    2012 Ethnic differences in glucose disposal, hepatic insulin sensitivity, and endogenous glucose production among African American and European American women 2012
    2012 Intra-abdominal adipose tissue is independently associated with sex-hormone binding globulin in premenopausal women 2012
    2012 Longitudinal associations of the endocrine environment on fat partitioning in postmenopausal women 2012
    2012 Race differences in the association of oxidative stress with insulin sensitivity in African- and European-American women 2012
    2012 Markers of inflammation and fat distribution following weight loss in African-American and white women 2012
    2012 A higher-carbohydrate, lower-fat diet reduces fasting glucose concentration and improves β-cell function in individuals with impaired fasting glucose 2012
    2012 Reduced carbohydrate diet to improve metabolic outcomes and decrease adiposity in obese peripubertal African American girls 2012
    2012 Aerobic exercise training conserves insulin sensitivity for 1 yr following weight loss in overweight women 2012
    2012 Overweight status and intrauterine exposure to gestational diabetes are associated with children's metabolic health 2012
    2012 Do neighbourhoods matter? Neighbourhood disorder and long-term trends in serum cortisol levels 2012
    2011 Long-term effects of high-fat or high-carbohydrate diets on glucose tolerance in mice with heterozygous carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1a deficiency 2011
    2011 Associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin d and components of the metabolic syndrome in obese adolescent females 2011
    2011 Reduced mitogenicity of sera following weight loss in premenopausal women 2011
    2011 Dietary macronutrient composition affects β cell responsiveness but not insulin sensitivity 2011
    2011 Intramyocellular lipid and insulin resistance: Differential relationships in European and African Americans 2011
    2011 Lower uncarboxylated osteocalcin concentrations in children with prediabetes is associated with β-cell function 2011
    2011 Dietary adherence during weight loss predicts weight regain 2011
    2011 Effect of diet with and without exercise training on markers of inflammation and fat distribution in overweight women 2011
    2011 Change in Insulin Sensitivity with Weight Gain is Determined by Fatness Better than by Fitness 2011
    2011 Effect Of Diet With And Without Exercise Training On Inflammation And Fat Distribution In Overweight Women 2011
    2011 Higher maternal gestational glucose concentration is associated with lower offspring insulin sensitivity and altered β-cell function 2011
    2011 Age-related changes in insulin sensitivity and β-cell function among European-American and African-American women 2011
    2011 Maternal glucose concentration during pregnancy predicts fat and lean mass of prepubertal offspring 2011
    2011 Differences emerge in visceral adipose tissue accumulation after selection for innate cardiovascular fitness 2011
    2011 African genetic admixture is associated with body composition and fat distribution in a cross-sectional study of children 2011
    2011 Can Reduction in Dietary Carbohydrate Play a Role in Normalizing the Endocrine-Metabolic State Perturbed During the Pubertal Transition? The PRIMO Pilot Study 2011
    2011 Relationship of intramyocellular lipid to insulin sensitivity may differ with ethnicity in healthy girls and women 2011
    2010 Lower bone mass in prepubertal overweight children with prediabetes 2010
    2010 Respiratory quotient predicts fat mass gain in premenopausal women 2010
    2010 Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone are independent determinants of whole-body insulin sensitivity in women and may contribute to lower insulin sensitivity in African Americans 2010
    2010 Adiposity and Β-cell function: Relationships differ with ethnicity and age 2010
    2010 Dietary calcium intake is associated with less gain in intra-abdominal adipose tissue over 1 year 2010
    2010 African genetic admixture is associated with body composition and fat distribution in a cross-sectional study of children 2010
    2010 Age Related Shift in Visceral Fat. 2010
    2010 Glucose metabolism and diet predict changes in adiposity and fat distribution in weight-reduced women 2010
    2010 Perception of exercise difficulty predicts weight regain in formerly overweight women 2010
    2010 Vitamin D intake is associated with insulin sensitivity in African American, but not European American, women 2010
    2010 Exercise training prevents regain of visceral fat for 1 year following weight loss 2010
    2010 Utility of waist circumference percentile for risk evaluation in obese children 2010
    2010 Associations of free fatty acids with insulin secretion and action among African-American and European-American girls and women 2010
    2010 Fat distribution, aerobic fitness, blood lipids, and insulin sensitivity in African-American and European-American women 2010
    2010 Ethnicity-specific anthropometric predictors of metabolic risk in women. 2010
    2010 Postmenopausal hormone therapy: An endocrine society scientific statement 2010
    2010 Relationship between Insulin Sensitivity and Muscle Lipids may Differ with Muscle Group and Ethnicity. 2010
    2010 Self-reported low vitality, poor mental health, and low dietary restraint are associated with overperception of physical exertion 2010
    2010 The Role of European Genetic Admixture in the Etiology of the Insulin Resistance Syndrome in Children: Are the Effects Mediated by Fat Accumulation? 2010
    2009 Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women 2009
    2009 Effects of low- and high-glycemic index/glycemic load diets on coronary heart disease risk factors in overweight/obese men 2009
    2009 Intrabdominal fat is related to metabolic risk factors in Hispanic Americans, African Americans and in girls 2009
    2009 Relationships between reported macronutrient intake and insulin dynamics in a multi-ethnic cohort of early pubertal children 2009
    2009 Obesity attenuates the contribution of African admixture to the insulin secretory profile in peripubertal children: A longitudinal analysis 2009
    2009 Perception of Others' Body Size Influences Weight Loss and Regain for European American but Not African American Women 2009
    2009 Uncoupling protein 2 Ala55Val polymorphism is associated with a higher acute insulin response to glucose 2009
    2009 High-milk supplementation with healthy diet counseling does not affect weight loss but ameliorates insulin action compared with low-milk supplementation in overweight children 2009
    2009 Fasting and postprandial markers of inflammation in lean and overweight children 2009
    2009 Insulin snsitivity in African-American and white women: Association with inflammation 2009
    2009 Differential influence of diet and physical activity on components of metabolic syndrome in a multiethnic sample of children. 2009
    2009 Effect of dietary adherence with or without exercise on weight loss: A mechanistic approach to a global problem 2009
    2009 Physical activity may facilitate Diabetes prevention in Adolescents 2009
    2009 Physical fitness, activity, and insulin dynamics in early pubertal children 2009
    2009 Threshold for effects of vitamin D deficiency on glucose metabolism in obese female African-American adolescents 2009
    2008 Adiponectin multimers and metabolic syndrome traits: Relative adiponectin resistance in African Americans 2008
    2008 Ethnicity and weight status affect the accuracy of proxy indices of insulin sensitivity 2008
    2008 Entero-insular axis and postprandial insulin differences in African American and European American children 2008
    2008 Effect of oral estrogen on substrate utilization in postmenopausal women 2008
    2008 Genetic variation in a member of the laminin gene family affects variation in body composition in Drosophila and humans 2008
    2008 Baseline inflammatory markers do not modulate the lipid response to weight loss 2008
    2008 Resistance training conserves fat-free mass and resting energy expenditure following weight loss 2008
    2008 IAAT, catecholamines, and parity in African-American and European-American women 2008
    2008 Associations among insulin, estrogen, and fat mass gain over the pubertal transition in African-American and european-american girls 2008
    2008 Catamenial diabetic ketoacidosis and catamenial hyperglycemia: Case report and review of the literature 2008
    2008 Longitudinal analysis of the insulin-like growth factor system in African-American and European American children and adolescents 2008
    2007 Intramyocellular lipid content is lower with a low-fat diet than with high-fat diets, but that may not be relevant for health 2007
    2007 Snack chips fried in corn oil alleviate cardiovascular disease risk factors when substituted for low-fat or high-fat snacks 2007
    2007 Ability of the Harris-Benedict formula to predict energy requirements differs with weight history and ethnicity 2007
    2007 Relationship of visceral adiposity to cardiovascular disease risk factors in black and white teens 2007
    2007 Elements of the metabolic syndrome: Association with insulin sensitivity and effects of ethnicity 2007
    2007 IGF-I Polymorphism Is Associated with Lean Mass, Exercise Economy, and Exercise Performance among Premenopausal Women 2007
    2006 Polymorphism in the transcription factor 7-Like 2 (TCF7L2) gene is associated with reduced insulin secretion in nondiabetic women 2006
    2006 Relationship between insulin sensitivity and in vivo mitochondrial function in skeletal muscle 2006
    2006 Difference in dietary intake between women with polycystic ovary syndrome and healthy controls 2006
    2006 Validity of new child-specific thoracic gas volume prediction equations for air-displacements plethysmography 2006
    2006 Changes in intra-abdominal fat in early postmenopausal women: Effects of hormone use 2006
    2006 Role of diet in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome 2006
    2006 Increased resting energy expenditure after 40 minutes of aerobic but not resistance exercise 2006
    2006 Longitudinal changes in insulin sensitivity, insulin secretion, and β-cell function during puberty 2006
    2005 Early ethnic difference in insulin-like growth factor-1 is associated with African genetic admixture 2005
    2005 Adiponectin is lower among African Americans and is independently related to insulin sensitivity in children and adolescents 2005
    2005 Association of the intestinal fatty acid-binding protein Ala 54Thr polymorphism and abdominal adipose tissue in African-American and Caucasian women 2005
    2005 Apolipoprotein A-II polymorphism and visceral adiposity in African-American and white women 2005
    2005 Dietary fat intake and insulin resistance in black and white children 2005
    2005 Synergistic heterozygosity in mice with inherited enzyme deficiencies of mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation 2005
    2004 Relations of fatness and fitness to fasting insulin in black and white adolescents 2004
    2004 Weight loss and race modulate nitric oxide metabolism in overweight women 2004
    2004 Comparison of self-reported with objectively assessed energy expenditure in black and white women before and after weight loss 2004
    2004 Increased n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids do not attenuate the effects of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on insulin sensitivity or triacylglycerol reduction in Indian Asians 2004
    2004 Dietary Phytoestrogens Increase Metabolic Resistance (Cold Tolerance) in Long-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase-Deficient Mice 2004
    2004 Ability of the actiwatch accelerometer to predict free-living energy expenditure in young children 2004
    2004 Influence of dietary fatty acid chain-length on metabolic tolerance in mouse models of inherited defects in mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation 2004
    2004 Revised QUICKI provides a strong surrogate estimate of insulin sensitivity when compared with the minimal model 2004
    2004 Weight change affects serum leptin and corticosterone in the collared lemming 2004
    2003 HIV Protease Inhibitor Ritonavir Induces Lipoatrophy in Male Mice 2003
    2003 Using genetic admixture to explain racial differences in insulin-related phenotypes 2003
    2003 Relationship between serum leptin concentration and low-density muscle in postmenopausal women 2003
    2003 Energy balance, body composition, and puberty in children and adolescents: Importance of ethnicity 2003
    2003 Gender differences in resistance-training-induced myofiber hypertrophy among older adults 2003
    2003 Influence of family history of type 2 diabetes on insulin sensitivity in prepubertal children 2003
    2002 Effects of weight loss on changes in insulin sensitivity and lipid concentrations in premenopausal African American and white women 2002
    2002 Insulin sensitivity and blood pressure in black and white children 2002
    2002 Contribution of insulin secretion and clearance to glucose-induced insulin concentration in african-american and caucasian children. 2002
    2002 Contribution of insulin secretion and clearance to glucose-induced insulin concentration in African-American and Caucasian children 2002
    2002 Effect of changes in fat distribution on the rates of change of insulin response in children 2002
    2002 Estradiol may limit lipid oxidation via Cpt 1 expression and hormonal mechanisms 2002
    2002 Evaluation of liver fatty acid oxidation in the leptin-deficient obese mouse 2002
    2002 Fat distribution and insulin sensitivity in postmenopausal women: Influence of hormone replacement 2002
    2001 Body fat distribution in white and black women: Different patterns of intraabdominal and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue utilization with weight loss 2001
    2001 Longitudinal Study on Pubertal Insulin Resistance 2001
    2001 Effect of scalp and facial hair on air displacement plethysmography estimates of percentage of body fat 2001
    2001 Mechanical load increases muscle IGF-I and androgen receptor mRNA concentrations in humans 2001
    2001 Body fat, fat distribution and serum lipids, lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in African-American and Caucasian-American prepubertal children 2001
    2001 Erratum: Visceral fat, insulin sensitivity and upids in prepulbertal childre. (Diabetes 48: 1515-1521, 1999) 2001
    2001 A longitudinal study of resting energy expenditure relative to body composition during puberty in African American and white children 2001
    2001 Age-related decrease in resting energy expenditure in sedentary white women: Effects of regional differences in lean and fat mass 2001
    2001 Anti-lipolytic effects of insulin in African American and white prepubertal boys 2001
    2001 Defining health-related obesity in prepubertal children 2001
    2001 Influence of total vs. Visceral fat on insulin action and secretion in African American and white children 2001
    2000 Associations among oral estrogen use, free testosterone concentration, and lean body mass among postmenopausal women 2000
    2000 Leptin in postmenopausal women: Influence of hormone therapy, insulin, and fat distribution 2000
    2000 Transgenic studies of fatty acid oxidation gene expression in nonobese diabetic mice 2000
    2000 Levels of progesterone, testosterone, and estradiol, and androstenedione metabolism in the gonads of Lytechinus variegatus (Echinodermata:Echinoidea) 2000
    2000 Leptin in postmenopausal women: influence of hormone therapy, insulin, and fat distribution. 2000
    2000 Role of dietary factors in ethnic differences in early risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes 2000
    2000 Racial differences in insulin secretion and sensitivity in prepubertal children: Role of physical fitness and physical activity 2000
    2000 Responses of ovaries and testes of Lytechinus variegatus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) to dietary administration of estradiol, progesterone and testosterone 2000
    1999 Visceral fat, insulin sensitivity, and lipids in prepubertal children 1999
    1999 Relation between visceral fat and disease risk in children and adolescents 1999
    1999 Relation between visceral fat and disease risk in children and adolescents. 1999
    1999 Do hormonal indices of maturation explain energy expenditure differences in African American and Caucasian prepubertal children? 1999
    1999 Predicting body composition from anthropometry in pre-adolescent children 1999
    1999 Syndrome X in children: Influence of ethnicity and visceral fat 1999
    1998 Abdominal obesity and cardiovascular risk in children 1998
    1998 Developmental changes in energy expenditure and physical activity in children: Evidence for a decline in physical activity in girls before puberty 1998
    1998 Total, resting, and activity-related energy expenditures are similar in Caucasian and African-American children 1998
    1998 Total, resting, and activity-related energy expenditures are similar in Caucasian and African-American children. 1998
    1998 Fat distribution and insulin response in prepubertal African American and white children 1998
    1998 Fat distribution and plasma lipid-lipoprotein concentrations in pre- and postmenopausal women 1998
    1998 Influence of sex, seasonality, ethnicity, and geographic location on the components of total energy expenditure in young children: Implications for energy requirements 1998
    1998 Longitudinal changes in fatness in white children: No effect of childhood energy expenditure 1998
    1998 Prediction of intra-abdominal and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue in healthy pre-pubertal children 1998
    1998 Relationships between dietary fat, body fat, and serum lipid profile in prepubertal children 1998
    1998 Spontaneous testicular regression in collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) exposed to prolonged long photoperiod 1998
    1997 Serum leptin and energy expenditure in children. 1997
    1997 Maximal aerobic capacity in African-American and Caucasian prepubertal children 1997
    1997 Maximal aerobic capacity in African-American and Caucasian prepubertal children 1997
    1997 Maximal aerobic capacity in African-American and Caucasian prepubertal children. 1997
    1997 Effects of gender, ethnicity, body composition, and fat distribution on serum leptin concentrations in children 1997
    1997 Effects of gender, ethnicity, body composition, and fat distribution on serum leptin concentrations in children. 1997
    1997 Alteration of testicular response to long photoperiod by transient exposure to short photoperiod in collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) 1997
    1997 Correlates of leptin concentration in the San Antonio Heart Study. 1997
    1997 Serum leptin and energy expenditure in children 1997
    1997 Stress responses in avian embryos 1997
    1997 Visceral fat in white and African American prepubertal children 1997
    1996 Influence of photoperiod, time, and sex on hormone concentrations in collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) 1996
    1995 Endocrine correlates of seasonal body mass dynamics in the collared lemming (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) 1995
    1995 Release of amino acids and related compounds from the adrenal equivalent and caudal vein of the eel in vitro 1995
    1994 PRENATAL AND POSTNATAL EFFECTS OF PHOTOPERIOD ON COLLARED LEMMINGS (DICROSTONYX GROENLANDICUS) 1994
    1994 Pre- and postnatal effects of photoperiod on collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus). 1994
    1994 Effect of photoperiod, testosterone, and estradiol on body mass, bifid claw size, and pelage color in collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) 1994
    1994 Photoperiod effects on body mass, body composition, growth hormone, and thyroid hormones in male collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) 1994
    1994 Pre- and postnatal effects of photoperiod on collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) 1994
    1994 Pre- and postnatal effects of photoperiod on collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) 1994
    1994 Response of collared lemmings to melatonin: I. Implants and photoperiod 1994
    1994 Response of collared lemmings to melatonin: II. Infusions and photoperiod 1994
    1993 Development of collared lemmings, Dicrostonyx groenlandicus, is influenced by pre‐ and postweaning photoperiods 1993
    1993 Role of prolactin and the gonads in seasonal physiological changes in the collared lemming (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) 1993
    1993 Threshold photoperiods for the induction of short day traits in collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) 1993
    1992 Role of photoperiod in reproductive maturation and peripubertal hormone concentrations in male collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus) 1992
    1990 Reproductive Responses of Male Microtus montanus to Photoperiod, Melatonin, and 6‐MBOA 1990
    1986 Beta-adrenergic binding is increased by melatonin and alpha-adrenergic compounds 1986
    The ketogenic diet as a non-pharmacological treatment for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder.

    Chapter

    Year Title Altmetric
    2016 Puberty, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes.  175-196. 2016

    Principal Investigator On

  • UAB Diabetes Research Center - Human Physiology Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2023
  • Obesity Risk in African American Women is Determined by a Diet-by-Phenotype Interaction  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2023
  • Depletion of Pancreatic Lipid Improves Beta-Cell Function in Early Type 2 Diabetes  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2023
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center - Metabolism Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2022
  • Race - Adiposity Interactions Regulate Mechanisms Determining Insulin Sensitivity  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2013 - 2019
  • UAB Diabetes Research Center - Human Physiology Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2013 - 2018
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center - Metabolism Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2017 - 2018
  • Enhanced Body Composition and Infant Feeding Analysis for UAB Core  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA HEALTH SERVICES FOUNDATION 2014 - 2018
  • A Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet to Reverse Fatty Liver in Adolescents with Obesity  awarded by Thrasher Research Fund 2016 - 2017
  • Targeted Disruption of Cancer Cell Metabolism and Growth Through Modification of Diet Quality  awarded by AMERICAN INSTITUTE FOR CANCER RESEARCH 2015 - 2017
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center (NORC) - Metabolism Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2017
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center - NORC Core B - Metabolism Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2012 - 2017
  • An Egg-Based Breakfast Maintains Metabolic Flexibility in Older Adults  awarded by American Egg Board 2012 - 2015
  • Private Grant  awarded by INGREDION INCORPORATED 2011 - 2014
  • Private Grant  awarded by GlaxoSmithKline 2010 - 2014
  • Reduced Carbohydrate Diet Intervention for PCOS  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS 2009 - 2013
  • UAB Diabetes Research and Training Center - Human Biology Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2008 - 2013
  • Private Grant  awarded by ABBOTT LABORATORIES 2009 - 2012
  • Private Grant  awarded by ABBOTT LABORATORIES 2010 - 2012
  • UAB Clinical Nutrition Research Unit - Core A (Metabolism)  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2007 - 2012
  • Dietary Supplements and Aging Muscle: Specific Amino Acids to Combat Sarcopenia  awarded by National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine/NIH/DHHS 2010 - 2011
  • 25-Hydroxyvitamin D. Vascular Function, and Insulin Sensitivity in a Bi-Ethnic Population  awarded by American Heart Association (Southeast Affiliate) 2009 - 2011
  • Investigator On

  • Evaluation of a Ketogenic Diet for Improvement of Neurological Recovery in Individuals with Acute Spinal Cord Injury  awarded by National Institute of Nursing Research/NIH/DHHS 2019 - 2024
  • Obesity and Endogenous Oxalate Synthesis  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2023
  • UAB Diabetes Research Center  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2023
  • UAB Diabetes Research Center - Administrative Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2023
  • Obesity and Longevity Across Generations  awarded by Indiana University 2018 - 2022
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center (NORC)  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2022
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center - Diversity Supplement - Sarah Deemer  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2022
  • Targeting Skeletal Muscle to Improve Metabolic Health in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS 2017 - 2022
  • The University of Alabama at Birmingham Spinal Cord Injury Model System of Care  awarded by Administration for Community Living/DHHS 2016 - 2021
  • A Sleep and Media Intervention to Improve Adolescents Weight and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2016 - 2021
  • Fixed Versus Variable Energy Reduction During Behavioral Obesity Treatment  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2015 - 2021
  • Macronutrients and Body Fat Accumulation: A Multicenter Mechanistic Feeding Study  awarded by CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL (BOSTON) 2017 - 2020
  • Influence of Obesity on Endogenous Oxalate Synthesis  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2020
  • Influence of Obesity on Endogenous Oxalate Synthesis - Project  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2020
  • APRE Potato Consumption and Energy Balance: A Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial  awarded by Indiana University 2017 - 2020
  • Network Medicine Approaches to Cachexia in COPD  awarded by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/NIH/DHHS 2017 - 2020
  • Diet Composition and Cardiometabolic Risk Reduction in Adults with SCI  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS 2015 - 2020
  • Identification for Predictors of Future Diabetes - Impacts of Stress and Depression  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2015 - 2019
  • UAB Center for Clinical and Translational Science (CCTS) (3 Linked Awards UL1, KL2, TL1)  awarded by National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences/NIH/DHHS 2015 - 2019
  • Skeletal Muscle in Rheumatoid Arthritis  awarded by National Institute of Arthritis & Musculoskeletal & Skin Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2016 - 2019
  • Is a Blended Residential/eHealth Lifestyle Intervention for Improving Cardiovascular Health and Managing Pain in At-Risk Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury More Effective Than An eHealth Program Alone?  awarded by LAKESHORE FOUNDATION 2017 - 2019
  • Mediational Analysis of Diet, Physical Activity, and Lean Mass in Youth with IBD  awarded by KAUL PEDIATRIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE 2017 - 2019
  • Validation of Segmental Body Composition Assessment for SCI/D  awarded by Paralyzed Veterans of America 2017 - 2018
  • Science Dialogue Mapping of Knowledge and Knowledges Gaps Related to the Effects of Diary Intake on Human Health  awarded by Indiana University 2017 - 2018
  • UAB Diabetes Research Center  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2013 - 2018
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2017 - 2018
  • A Photographic Method for Human Body Composition Assessment  awarded by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/NIH/DHHS 2012 - 2018
  • UAB Obesity Training Program  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2014 - 2017
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center (NORC)  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2017
  • Science Dialogue Mapping of Knowledge and Knowledge Gaps Related to the Effects of Dairy Intake on Human Health  awarded by Dairy Management, Inc. 2016 - 2017
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2012 - 2017
  • A State of the Art Triple Quadruple Mass Spectrometer for pmol and fmol Analysis  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA HEALTH SERVICES FOUNDATION 2014 - 2016
  • Calorie Restriction & Body Composition, Function and QoL in Older Adults  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS 2009 - 2016
  • Exercise Intensity, Metabolic Rate & Insulin Sensitivity  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2010 - 2016
  • UAB Center for Clinical and Translational Science (CCTS) (3 linked awards: UL1, KL2, TL1)  awarded by National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences/NIH/DHHS 2014 - 2015
  • Training Program in Cardiovascular Pathophysiology  awarded by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/NIH/DHHS 2014 - 2015
  • UAB Diabetes Research and Training Center  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2008 - 2013
  • UAB Diabetes Research and Training Center - Administrative Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2008 - 2013
  • Teaching Activities

  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2019) 2019
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2019) 2019
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2018) 2018
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • NTR699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2016) 2016
  • NTR699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • NTR699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2015) 2015
  • NTR698 - MR Lev Non-Thesis Research (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • NTR699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • NTR699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • NTR699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Summer Term 2014) 2014
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2014) 2014
  • NTR698 - MR Lev Non-Thesis Research (Spring Term 2014) 2014
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2014) 2014
  • NTR699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Fall Term 2013) 2013
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2013) 2013
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2013) 2013
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2013) 2013
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2012) 2012
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2012) 2012
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2012) 2012
  • NTR698 - MR Lev Non-Thesis Research (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2012) 2012
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • NTR699 - Master's Level Thesis Research (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • NTR799 - Doc Lev Dissertation Research (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • NTR798 - Doc Level Non-Dissertation Res (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • Full Name

  • Barbara Gower
  • Fax

  • 205-975-4065