Positions

Overview

  • Dr. Goss is an Assistant Professor of Nutrition Sciences at UAB, a Register Dietitian, and an early career investigator with expertise in conducting randomized clinical trials to examine the effects of diet quality and macronutrient composition on risk factors of chronic metabolic diseases such as obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and type 2 diabetes. The goal of her research is to identify effective, sustainable, and non-invasive dietary means of preventing and reversing disease with metabolic origins. Dr. Goss specializes in MRI and MRS techniques for the assessment of fat distribution and organ lipid content in adult and pediatric populations. She recently has conducted studies using a family-based, controlled feeding experimental design aimed at improving outcomes in children with NAFLD.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2019 Oral Supplementation with Beta-Hydroxy-Beta-Methylbutyrate, Arginine, and Glutamine Improves Lean Body Mass in Healthy Older AdultsJournal of Dietary Supplements.  16:281-293. 2019
    2019 Physical Function and Strength in Relation to Inflammation in Older Adults with Obesity and Increased Cardiometabolic RiskJournal of Nutrition, Health and Aging2019
    2018 The sliding set-point: how insulin and diet interact to explain the obesity epidemic (and how to fix it)Financial Review.  25:303-309. 2018
    2018 Higher carbohydrate intake is associated with increased risk of all-cause and disease-specific mortality in head and neck cancer patients: results from a prospective cohort studyInternational Journal of Cancer.  143:1105-1113. 2018
    2018 Dyslipidemia is associated with pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver diseaseJournal of Clinical Lipidology.  12:981-987. 2018
    2018 Effectiveness of a carbohydrate restricted diet to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescents with obesity: Trial design and methodologyJournal of receptor research.  68:95-101. 2018
    2017 Effects of Calorie Restriction in Obese Older Adults: The CROSSROADS Randomized Controlled TrialJournals of Gerontology, Series A.  73:73-80. 2017
    2017 Peri-muscular adipose tissue may play a unique role in determining insulin sensitivity/resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndromeHuman Reproduction.  32:185-192. 2017
    2017 Peri-muscular adipose tissue may play a unique role in determining insulin sensitivity/resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndromeHuman Reproduction.  32:185-192. 2017
    2016 Calorie restriction in overweight older adults: Do benefits exceed potential risks?Experimental Gerontology.  86:4-13. 2016
    2015 A lower-carbohydrate, higher-fat diet reduces abdominal and intermuscular fat and increases insulin sensitivity in adults at risk of type 2 diabetesJournal of Nutrition.  145:177S-183S. 2015
    2014 Calorie Restriction in Overweight Seniors: Response of Older Adults to a Dieting Study: The CROSSROADS Randomized Controlled Clinical TrialJournal of Nutrition for the Elderly.  33:376-400. 2014
    2014 Effects of a eucaloric reduced-carbohydrate diet on body composition and fat distribution in women with PCOSMetabolism.  63:1257-1264. 2014
    2013 Favourable metabolic effects of a eucaloric lower-carbohydrate diet in women with PCOSJournal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery.  79:550-557. 2013
    2013 Effects of diet macronutrient composition on body composition and fat distribution during weight maintenance and weight lossObesity Research.  21:1133-1138. 2013
    2013 Effects of diet macronutrient composition on body composition and fat distribution during weight maintenance and weight lossObesity Research.  21:1133-1138. 2013
    2012 Insulin sensitivity is associated with thigh adipose tissue distribution in healthy postmenopausal womenMetabolism.  61:1817-1823. 2012
    2012 Longitudinal associations of the endocrine environment on fat partitioning in postmenopausal womenObesity Research.  20:939-944. 2012

    Research Overview

  • Her research interests are related to obesity and energy metabolism, with an emphasis on glucose metabolism, type 2 diabetes risk and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). She has worked with controlled feeding studies in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and overweight/obese adults examining the effects of dietary glycemic load with and without caloric restriction on changes in visceral and ectopic adiposity and insulin sensitivity. Her ongoing research examines how variation in diet macronutrient composition affects metabolic health, body fat distribution and risk of chronic metabolic disease in aging adults. Dr. Goss also has ongoing research examining the effects of diet composition on hepatic lipid content and hepatic insulin sensitivity in adolescents with NAFLD.
  • Investigator On

  • UAB Diabetes Research Center  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2023
  • UAB Diabetes Research Center - Human Physiology Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2023
  • Depletion of Pancreatic Lipid Improves Beta-Cell Function in Early Type 2 Diabetes  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2023
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center (NORC)  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2022
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center - Metabolism Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2018 - 2022
  • APRE Potato Consumption and Energy Balance: A Randomized, Controlled, Clinical Trial  awarded by Indiana University 2017 - 2020
  • Pilot and Feasibility Trial of a Telehealth Dietary Intervention for MS  awarded by National Multiple Sclerosis Society 2017 - 2019
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2017 - 2018
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center - Metabolism Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2017 - 2018
  • A Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet to Reverse Fatty Liver in Adolescents with Obesity  awarded by Thrasher Research Fund 2016 - 2017
  • Targeted Disruption of Cancer Cell Metabolism and Growth Through Modification of Diet Quality  awarded by AMERICAN INSTITUTE FOR CANCER RESEARCH 2015 - 2017
  • Does an Egg-Rich Diet Improve Metabolic Health and Function in Obese Older Adults?  awarded by American Egg Board 2014 - 2017
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center (NORC)  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2017
  • UAB Nutrition Obesity Research Center (NORC) - Metabolism Core  awarded by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH/DHHS 2017
  • Calorie Restriction & Body Composition, Function and QoL in Older Adults  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS 2009 - 2016
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham 2012
  • Master of Sciences or Mathematics in Foods and Nutrition Science, University of Alabama at Birmingham 2009
  • Full Name

  • Amy Goss