• Dr. Trost received her Bachelor’s in Psychology in 2003 from Fordham University in New York City where she grew up. She received her doctorate in Clinical Health Psychology from Ohio University in Athens, OH where she first began to explore her interests in chronic pain and illness. During her internship at the University of Washington Medical Center Dr. Trost further developed interests in the area of rehabilitation psychology, particularly factors that influence individuals’ adjustment to traumatic injury.

    She completed her postdoctoral fellowship at McGill University in Montreal and has developed a number of international collaborations with colleagues in the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Canada. She joined the faculty at the University of Alabama at Birmingham in August 2015 and is a member of the UAB PAIN Collective.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2019 Examining Injustice Appraisals in a Racially Diverse Sample of Individuals With Chronic Low Back PainJournal of Pain.  20:83-96. 2019
    2018 The Relationship Between Pain Severity and Alcohol Use Among School-Aged Children and Adolescents: The Moderating Role of Drinking MotivesPain Medicine.  19:284-296. 2018
    2018 Differential Effect of Patient Weight on Pain-Related Judgements About Male and Female Chronic Low Back Pain PatientsJournal of Pain.  19:57-66. 2018
    2018 Injustice perceptions about pain: Parent-child discordance is associated with worse functional outcomesPAIN.  159:1083-1089. 2018
    2018 Meta-analysis of cognitive performance in fibromyalgiaJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology.  40:698-714. 2018
    2017 Event centrality as a unique predictor of posttraumatic stress symptoms and perceived disability following spinal cord injurySpinal Cord.  55:1023-1027. 2017
    2017 Examining Affective-Motivational Dynamics and Behavioral Implications Within The Interpersonal Context of PainJournal of Pain.  18:1174-1183. 2017
    2017 Initial validation of a virtual blood draw exposure paradigm for fear of blood and needlesJournal of Anxiety Disorders.  51:65-71. 2017
    2017 Pain catastrophizing, perceived injustice, and pain intensity impair life satisfaction through differential patterns of physical and psychological disruptionScandinavian Journal of Pain.  17:390-396. 2017
    2017 The association between injustice perception and psychological outcomes in an inpatient spinal cord injury sample: The mediating effects of angerSpinal Cord.  55:898-905. 2017
    2017 Severity of traumatic injuries predicting psychological outcomes: A surprising lack of empirical evidenceJournal of Anxiety Disorders.  50:1-6. 2017
    2016 The relationship between perceived injustice and the working alliance: a cross-sectional study of patients with persistent pain attending multidisciplinary rehabilitationDisability and Rehabilitation.  38:2365-2373. 2016
    2016 Brain-computer interface for individuals after spinal cord injuryRehabilitation Psychology.  61:435-441. 2016
    2016 Perceived Injustice Is Associated With Pain and Functional Outcomes in Children and Adolescents With Chronic Pain: A Preliminary ExaminationJournal of Pain.  17:1217-1226. 2016
    2016 The Effect of Perceived Injustice on Appraisals of Physical Activity: An Examination of the Mediating Role of Attention Bias to Pain in a Chronic Low Back Pain SampleJournal of Pain.  17:1207-1216. 2016
    2016 An examination of pain catastrophizing and endogenous pain modulatory processes in adults with chronic low back painPain Medicine.  17:1452-1464. 2016
    2016 Validation of the injustice experiences questionnaire in a heterogeneous trauma sampleRehabilitation Psychology.  61:336-344. 2016
    2016 (178) The impact of event centrality on pain intensity and perceived disability among individuals with spinal cord injury.Journal of Pain.  17:S20. 2016
    2016 (227) Perceived injustice explains pain intensity over and above attentional bias.Journal of Pain.  17:S32. 2016
    2016 (500) Injustice perceptions predict future functioning in children with chronic pain.Journal of Pain.  17:S99-S100. 2016
    2016 The interpersonal function of pain: Conserving multiple resourcesPAIN.  157:773-774. 2016
    2016 Perceived Injustice Predicts Intention to Litigate: Findings from a Spinal Cord Injury SamplePsychological Injury and Law.  9:31-40. 2016
    2016 Sources of injustice among individuals with persistent pain following musculoskeletal injuryPsychological Injury and Law.  9:6-15. 2016
    2016 The unfairness of it all: Exploring the role of injustice appraisals in rehabilitation outcomesRehabilitation Psychology.  61:44-53. 2016
    2016 Identifying predictors of resilience at inpatient and 3-month post-spinal cord injuryJournal of Spinal Cord Medicine.  39:77-84. 2016
    2015 Mild traumatic brain injury increases risk for the development of posttraumatic stress disorderJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.  79:1062-1066. 2015
    2015 Perceived injustice after traumatic injury: Associations with pain, psychological distress, and quality of life outcomes 12 months after injuryRehabilitation Psychology.  60:213-221. 2015
    2015 Stuck in a moment and you cannot get out of it: The lingering effects of ostracism on cognition and satisfaction of basic needsPersonality and Individual Differences.  76:39-43. 2015
    2015 Heritability of pain catastrophizing and associations with experimental pain outcomes: A twin studyPAIN.  156:514-520. 2015
    2015 Reducing social stress elicits emotional contagion of pain in mouse and human strangersCurrent Biology.  25:326-332. 2015
    2015 Barriers to change in depressive symptoms after multidisciplinary rehabilitation for whiplash: The role of perceived injusticeClinical Journal of Pain.  31:145-151. 2015
    2015 The promise and challenge of virtual gaming technologies for chronic pain: the case of graded exposure for low back painPain Management.  5:197-206. 2015
    2014 A psychological flexibility conceptualisation of the experience of injustice among individuals with chronic painBritish Journal of Pain.  8:62-71. 2014
    2014 An experimental investigation of the effect of a justice violation on pain experience and expression among individuals with high and low just world beliefsEuropean Journal of Pain.  18:415-423. 2014
    2014 Beyond Distraction: Virtual Reality Graded Exposure Therapy as Treatment for Pain-Related Fear and Disability in Chronic PainJournal of Applied Biobehavioral Research.  19:106-126. 2014
    2014 Emotion regulatory function of parent attention to child pain and associated implications for parental pain control behaviourPAIN.  155:1453-1463. 2014
    2014 Learning about pain through observation: The role of pain-related fearJournal of Behavioral Medicine.  37:257-265. 2014
    2014 Resilience following spinal cord injury: A phenomenological viewSpinal Cord.  52:197-201. 2014
    2014 Virtual reality graded exposure therapy as treatment for pain-related fear and disability in chronic painIntelligent Systems Reference Library.  68:523-546. 2014
    2013 Further validation of a measure of injury-related injustice perceptions to identify risk for occupational disability: A prospective study of individuals with whiplash injuryJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation.  23:557-565. 2013
    2013 Anger differentially mediates the relationship between perceived injustice and chronic pain outcomesPAIN.  154:1691-1698. 2013
    2013 Attentional processing of other's facial display of pain: An eye tracking studyPAIN.  154:836-844. 2013
    2013 Children's selective attention to pain and avoidance behaviour: The role of child and parental catastrophizing about painPAIN.  154:1979-1988. 2013
    2012 All pain is not created equal: Differentiating between pain during movement versus pain at rest following total knee arthroplastyPAIN.  153:2161-2162. 2012
    2012 Parental attention to their child's pain is modulated by threat-value of painHealth Psychology.  31:623-631. 2012
    2012 Models under scrutiny-The strengths and limitations of our theoretical frameworks: A comment on holla et al.Annals of Behavioral Medicine.  44:5-6. 2012
    2012 The expression of pain behaviors in high catastrophizers: The influence of automatic and controlled processesJournal of Pain.  13:808-815. 2012
    2012 Perceived injustice: A risk factor for problematic pain outcomesClinical Journal of Pain.  28:484-488. 2012
    2012 Pain-related fear predicts reduced spinal motion following experimental back injuryPAIN.  153:1015-1021. 2012
    2012 Cognitive dimensions of anger in chronic painPAIN.  153:515-517. 2012
    2012 Impact of parental catastrophizing and contextual threat on parents' emotional and behavioral responses to their child's painPAIN.  153:687-695. 2012
    2011 Pain-related fear and avoidance of physical exertion following delayed-onset muscle sorenessPAIN.  152:1540-1547. 2011
    2011 Social modulation of facial pain display in high-catastrophizing children: An observational study in schoolchildren and their parentsPAIN.  152:1591-1599. 2011
    2011 Chronic low back pain, sleep disturbance, and interleukin-6Clinical Journal of Pain.  27:35-41. 2011
    2010 Predonation hydration and applied muscle tension combine to reduce presyncopal reactions to blood donationTransfusion.  50:1257-1264. 2010
    2009 Effects of rhythmical muscle tension at 0.1 Hz on cardiovascular resonance and the baroreflexBiological Psychology.  81:24-30. 2009
    2009 Examination of the photograph series of daily activities (PHODA) scale in chronic low back pain patients with high and low kinesiophobiaPAIN.  141:276-282. 2009
    2008 Exposure to movement in chronic back pain: Evidence of successful generalization across a reaching taskPAIN.  137:26-33. 2008
    2008 Enhancing attitudes and intentions in prospective blood donors: Evaluation of a new donor recruitment brochureTransfusion.  48:526-530. 2008


    Year Title Altmetric
    2013 Pain, chronicity, and disability.  107-124. 2013

    Research Overview

  • My research addresses how individuals cope with pain and injury – specifically cognitive, emotional, and behavioral responses to pain that can contribute to disability or facilitate positive adjustment. My research uses both clinical and laboratory paradigms and falls into three categories:

    First, I study the mechanisms and impact of psychological constructs such as pain-related fear, catastrophizing, and perceptions of injustice among individuals with pain and injury.

    Second, I am interested in adapting virtual reality and gaming technologies (including augmented reality and simulation) to aid in pain coping and rehabilitation for individuals with chronic pain and physical trauma.

    Finally, I am broadly interested in interpersonal processes in the context of pain and illness -- specifically, how pain sufferers communicate their pain and how this is interpreted/responded to in their social environment.
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, Ohio University/Athens 2010
  • Master of Science in Psychology, Ohio University/Athens 2006
  • Bachelor of Arts in Psychology, Fordham University 2003
  • Full Name

  • Zina Trost