Positions

Overview

  • Winston Lancaster earned a B.S. in Zoology from Auburn University and an M.S. in Vertebrate Paleontology from the Department of Geology at Louisiana State University. His thesis research focused on archaeocete whales. After graduation he continued working on fossil whales as a preparator of vertebrate fossils at the Red Mountain Museum in Birmingham, Alabama, and also worked as a fossil preparatpry at the Idaho Museum of Natural History in Pocatello. He earned a Ph.D. in Anatomy from the University of North Carolina pursuing his dissertation research on the functional morphology of respiration and vocalization in bats. He pursued postdoctoral research at the University of Aberdeen (UK) on the physiological cost of biosonar vocalization in bats and Göteborg University (Sweden), where he studied predator-prey interactions and the way that moths avoid being eaten by bats. His research on bats has continued in Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic and he has returned to research on whales, examining the structure of the middle and inner ears.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2018 A coalescent-based estimator of genetic drift, and acoustic divergence in the Pteronotus parnellii species complex.Heredity2018
    2015 From the field to the lab: best practices for field preservation of bat specimens for molecular analyses.PLoS ONE.  10:e0118994. 2015
    2015 Precocial development within the tympanoperiotic complex in cetaceansMarine Mammal Science.  31:369-375. 2015
    2007 Echolocation and the thoracic skeletons of bats: A comparative morphological studyActa chiropterologica / Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences.  9:483-494. 2007
    2005 Functional morphology of the mouth of the bowhead whale and its implications for conservationJournal of Mammalogy.  86:342-352. 2005
    2001 Convergence in wing coloration between orange underwing moths (Archiearis spp.) and tortoiseshell butterflies (Aglais spp.)Entomologica Fennica.  12:65-71. 2001
    2001 Variations in respiratory muscle activity during echolocation when stationary in three species of bat (Microchiroptera: Vespertilionidae)Journal of Experimental Biology.  204:4185-4197. 2001
    2000 Flight and thermoregulation in moths were shaped by predation from batsOikos.  88:13-18. 2000
    1999 Constant-frequency and frequency-modulated components in the echolocation calls of three species of small bats (Emballonuridae, Thyropteridae, and Vespertilionidae)Canadian Journal of Zoology.  77:1891-1900. 1999
    1997 Wing temperature in flying bats measured by infrared thermographyJournal of Thermal Biology.  22:109-116. 1997
    1995 Morphology of the abdominal wall in the bat, Pteronotus parnellii (Microchiroptera: Mormoopidae): implications for biosonar vocalization.Journal of Morphology.  223:99-107. 1995
    1995 Respiratory muscle activity in relation to vocalization in flying bats.Journal of Experimental Biology.  198. 1995
    1994 Doppler-shift compensation by the mustached bat: quantitative data.Journal of Experimental Biology.  188:115-129. 1994
    1992 Ultrasonic vocalizations of flying bats monitored by radiotelemetry.Journal of Experimental Biology.  173:43-58. 1992
    1990 The middle ear of the archaeocetiJournal of Vertebrate Paleontology.  10:117-127. 1990

    Chapter

    Year Title Altmetric
    2012 Vertebral fusion in bats: Phylogenetic patterns and functional relationships.  500-529. 2012

    Research Overview

  • I am interested in the ways that animals are adapted to their lifestyles and environments by specializations in the structure of their bodies. Bats emit approximately 10 calls every second that they are in flight, for navigation and to locate insect prey. Each of these calls may exceed 110 dB sound intensity measured 10 cm from the bats mouth — the intensity of a smoke alarm. How is this possible? They are capable of emitting calls at a rate of over 200 per second, but the intensity drops. Why? Vocalization in bats, as in most mammals, is powered by the respiratory system. How is the respiratory system modified for the spectacular vocal performances of bats? How is their vocalization limited by the needs of the respiratory system to supply air for the demanding activity of flight? These are questions that I have explored in my research. I have studied, and I teach human anatomy. I do not conduct research in human anatomy, but in no species of animal is the body described and characterized at the level of detail as that of humans. This makes the study of human anatomy an excellent foundation for the study of the structure of any vertebrate. I have conducted studies on the specializations of the respiratory systems, skull, jaw structure, and genitalia of bats. I am currently involved in research on the structure of the inner and middle ears of whales and dolphins in order to understand how they have adapted their system of biosonar to the aquatic environment and how it relates to body size. Animals’ bodies hold the solutions to the problems of surviving and thriving; the opportunities for study are endless. Human anatomy, human and vertebrate morphology
  • Teaching Activities

  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY456 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY456L - Comp Vert Anatomy Lab (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY656 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY656L - Comp Vert Anatomy Lab (Spring Term 2019) 2019
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Fall Term 2018) 2018
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Spring Term 2018) 2018
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Fall Term 2017) 2017
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • BY411 - Advanced Human Anatomy (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • BY611 - Advanced Human Anatomy (Summer Term 2017) 2017
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • BY485 - Special Topics in Biology (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • BY495 - Special Topics in Biology (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • BY595 - Special Topics in Biology I (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • BY596 - Special Topics in Biology II (Spring Term 2017) 2017
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Fall Term 2016) 2016
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Spring Term 2016) 2016
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY595 - Special Topics in Biology I (Fall Term 2015) 2015
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Summer Term 2015) 2015
  • BY411 - Advanced Human Anatomy (Summer Term 2015) 2015
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • BY397 - Advanced Directed Readings (Spring Term 2015) 2015
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • BY115 - Human Anatomy (Fall Term 2014) 2014
  • Education And Training

  • Bachelor of Science or Mathematics in Zoology / Animal Biology, Auburn University
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of North Carolina System : Chapel Hill
  • Master of Sciences or Mathematics in Geology / Earth Science, Louisiana State University System : Baton Rouge
  • Full Name

  • Winston Lancaster
  • Blazerid

  • wclan