Effectiveness of cyanoacrylate microbial sealant in the reduction of surgical site infection in gynecologic oncology procedures: A phase III single institution prospective randomized trial

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Objectives Surgery is a cornerstone for patients with gynecologic malignancies. Surgical site infections (SSI) remain a source of post-operative morbidity. Consequences range from escalated costs, delay in adjuvant therapy, and increased morbidity. Our primary objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a cyanoacrylate microbial sealant (CMS) to reduce post-operative SSI following laparotomy for suspected gynecologic malignancy. Methods Patients were randomized using a 1:1 allocation to receive either standard skin preparation or standard preparation with CMS and stratified by BMI. Patients were followed for 6 weeks for SSI. Demographic data was collected through the EMR. Associations between SSI, use of CMS, and clinicopathologic factors were explored using descriptive statistics, chi-square and multivariate analysis. Results 300 patients underwent randomization. Median age of the cohort was 58. Arms were matched and there was no difference in rate of medical comorbidities. Mean BMI was 38.8 kg/m2 in patients randomized to BMI ≥ 30 and 26.3 kg/m2 randomized to BMI < 30. Surgical characteristics for the entire cohort: 66% malignancy, 91% clean-contaminated, 21% bowel surgery, 25% transfusion. Seventy-six (25%) patients developed a SSI: 43 patients (28%) treated with CMS, compared to 33 (21%) patients treated without CMS (p = 0.18). Multivariate model demonstrated that BMI ≥ 30 (p < 0.005), surgery for malignancy (p = 0.010), transfusion in the OR (p < 0.001), and closure with staples (p = 0.0005) were associated with post-operative SSI. Conclusions Patients presenting to a gynecologic oncologist for surgery frequently present with multiple risk factors for SSI and laparotomy is complicated by surgical-site complications in up to 30% of cases. The addition of CMS alone does not appear to reduce risk of overall SSI. Additional risk-reducing strategies including use of antimicrobial agents and optimization of modifiable risk factors prior to surgery should be explored as pathways for reducing this significant post-operative morbidity.
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    Author List

  • Thomas ED; Nugent EK; MacAllister MC; Moxley KM; Landrum L; L Walker J; McMeekin DS; Mannel RS; McGwin G; Moore KN
  • Start Page

  • 193
  • End Page

  • 199
  • Volume

  • 144
  • Issue

  • 1