The human immunoglobulin VH7 gene family consists of a small, polymorphic group of six to eight gene segments dispersed throughout the VH locus

Academic Article

Abstract

  • In this report we describe the analysis and mapping of members of the human immunoglobulin VH7 gene family. VH7 and VH1 gene segments are closely related, with individual gene segments sharing between 78% and 82% sequence identity. Divergence from VH1 gene sequence occurs as an abrupt event at the boundary between framework region (FR) 2 and complementarity‐determining region (CDR) 2 and continues through a major portion of FR 3. We used polymerase chain reaction amplification to create a 162‐base pair probe spanning the family‐specific region of CDR 2 and FR 3 that proved suitable for standard Southern analysis of genomic DNA. The VH7 gene family was found to be a small but discrete VH gene family consisting of five to eight germ‐line elements, of which at least three are polymorphic. Four different VH7 gene segments were cloned from the germ line of a single individual, and assigned to specific restriction fragments by sequence‐specific hybridization. Two of the four VH7 elements were pseudogenes. The pattern of sequence variation in these and other known pseudogenes suggests that these nonfunctional elements may play a role in the evolution of novel VH families. A combination of one and two‐dimensional pulsed field gel electrophoresis was employed to map the chromosomal location of all of these VH7 elements. Individual VH7 gene segments were found to be dispersed over a region of at least 940 kb of DNA, and interspersed with members from other VH gene families. The polymorphism of the VH7 gene segments and their scattered location throughout the VH locus makes them potentially useful markers for mapping and linkage studies. Copyright © 1993 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • van Dijk KW; Mortari F; Kirkham PM; Schroeder HW; Milner ECB
  • Start Page

  • 832
  • End Page

  • 839
  • Volume

  • 23
  • Issue

  • 4