© 2014 Future Medicine Ltd. All rights reserved. Childhood obesity is increasingly common and is associated with increased health risks, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, with earlier onset rendering more dire consequences. While prevention is the ultimate goal, treatment and a return to a healthy weight can see outcomes in these individuals return to levels similar to those of never-obese individuals. In this eight-chapter book, international experts review the current understanding of prediction, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of childhood obesity. In a final 'Ask the Experts' section, the Editors respond to questions posed by the chapter authors on the topic of intervention and special considerations for sex, stage of development and ethnicity. The book will aid clinicians and healthcare professionals in providing effective care for obese children and their families.