pub926879

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2016 the American Physiological Society. Recent studies suggested a direct link between circadian rhythms and regulation of sodium excretion. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) regulates sodium balance by promoting natriuresis through the endothelin B receptor (ETB) in response to increased salt in the diet, but the effect that the time of day has on this natriuretic response is not known. Therefore, this study was designed to test the hypothesis that ETB receptor activation contributes to the diurnal control of sodium excretion and that sex differences contribute to this control as well. Twelve-hour urine collections were used to measure sodium excretion. On day 3 of the experiment, a NaCl load (900 μeq) was given by oral gavage either at Zeitgeber time [ZT] 0 (inactive period) or ZT12 (active period) to examine the natriuretic response to the acute salt load. Male and female ETB-deficient (ETB def) rats showed an impaired natriuretic response to a salt load at ZT0 compared with their respective transgenic controls (Tg cont). Male ETB def rats showed a delayed natriuretic response to a salt load given at ZT12 compared with male Tg cont, a contrast to the prompt response shown by female ETB def rats. Treatment with ABT-627, an ETA receptor antagonist, improved the natriuretic response seen within the first 12 h of a ZT0 salt load in both sexes. These findings demonstrate that diurnal excretion of an acute salt load 1) requires ET-1 and the ETB receptor, 2) is more evident in male vs. female rats, and 3) is opposed by the ETA receptor.
  • Author List

  • Johnston JG; Speed JS; Jin C; Pollock DM
  • Start Page

  • F991
  • End Page

  • F998
  • Volume

  • 311