Extracorporeal photopheresis for the treatment of refractory Crohn's disease: Results of an open-label pilot study

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is effective in immune-mediated disorders. A prospective, uncontrolled pilot study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ECP in patients with active Crohn's disease (CD) who were refractory to or intolerant of immunosuppressants and/or anti-TNF therapies. Methods: Patients with moderate-to-severely active CD (Crohn's Disease Activity Index [CDAI] 220-450 points) underwent 12 weeks of ECP treatment (Weeks 1-4: twice weekly, every week; Weeks 5-12: twice weekly, every other week). Clinical response was defined as a decrease in the CDAI of ≥100 points or remission (CDAI <150 points) at Week 12. Patients who responded at Week 12 could receive an additional 12 weeks of ECP treatment (twice weekly, every other week) in an extension study. Results: Twenty-eight patients were enrolled with a mean baseline CDAI score of 314 (range 207-457). At Week 12, 14 patients (50%) responded; 13 patients responded within 6 weeks. Seven patients (25%) attained remission by Week 12. Three of 5 patients with open fistulae at baseline had fistula closure. Response was similar among patients naïve to anti-TNF agents and patients who had previously been refractory or intolerant to anti-TNF agents. Of the 12 patients who entered the extension study, 9 (75%) maintained their response at Week 24. Conclusions: In patients with moderate-to-severely active CD who were refractory to or intolerant of immunosuppressants and/or anti-TNF agents, ECP was well tolerated and induced clinical response (50%) and remission (25%) in patients. Most patients were able to maintain a response with continued treatments. Copyright © 2009 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Abreu MT; von Tirpitz C; Hardi R; Kaatz M; Van Assche G; Rutgeerts P; Bisaccia E; Goerdt S; Hanauer S; Knobler R
  • Start Page

  • 829
  • End Page

  • 836
  • Volume

  • 15
  • Issue

  • 6