The 11q23 chromosome band is frequently associated with chromosomal aberrations in human leukemias. We have previously cloned a DNA fragment derived from chromosome 11 which could be used as a probe to detect rearrangements in DNAs from the leukemic cells of patients with the t(4;11), t(9;11), and t(11;19) translocations In this study we now show that the same probe detects DNA rearrangements in malignant cells from patients with the t(1;11), t(6;11), t(10;11), and del (11q23) chromosomal abnormalities. A second probe obtained from a region located centrometric to the breakpoint cluster detects major and minor transcripts of 12.5 and 11.5 kilobases, respectively, in all cell lines examined. The same probe identifies an altered 11-kilobase RNA in all three independent cell lines with the t(4;11)(q21;q23) chromosome translocation. © 1992, American Association for Cancer Research. All rights reserved.