Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory - II in a low-income African American sample of medical outpatients

Academic Article


  • The psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory - II (BDI-II) are well established with primarily Caucasian samples. However, little is known about its reliability and validity with minority groups. This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the BDI-II in a sample of low-income African American medical outpatients (N = 220). Reliability was demonstrated with high internal consistency (.90) and good item-total intercorrelations. Criterion-related validity was demonstrated. A confirmatory factor analysis supported a hierarchical factor structure in which the BDI-II reflected 2 first-order factors (Cognitive and Somatic) that in turn reflected a second-order factor (Depression). These results are consistent with previous findings and thus support the use of the BDI-II in assessing depressive symptoms for African American patients in a medical setting. Copyright 2005 by the American Psychological Association.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Grothe KB; Dutton GR; Bodenlos J; Ancona M; Jones GN; Brantley PJ
  • Start Page

  • 110
  • End Page

  • 114
  • Volume

  • 17
  • Issue

  • 1