The authors examined associations of caffeine and caffeinated beverage intakes with blood pressure and with lipoproteins in 5,115 black and white men and women aged 18-30 years during 1985-1986. Caffeine and beverage intakes were not consistently associated with blood pressure in analyses controlling for race, sex, Keys score, sucrose intake, physical activity, oral contraceptive use, body mass index, alcohol use, age, and smoking. Associations of caffeine and beverage intakes with cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein2 cholesterol were also inconsistent. There is little or no association of caffeine with lipoproteins or with blood pressure in this cohort of healthy young adults. © 1993 by The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health.