Thy-1, via its GPI anchor, modulates Src family kinase and focal adhesion kinase phosphorylation and subcellular localization, and fibroblast migration, in response to thrombospondin-1/hep I

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Normal fibroblast subpopulations have differential surface expression of the GPI-linked raft protein Thy-1, which correlates with differences in cellular adhesion and migration in vitro. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) induces an intermediate state of adhesion in fibroblasts and other cells which facilitates migration. TSP-1 and the hep I peptide derived from the amino-terminal/heparin-binding domain of TSP-1 induce disassembly of cellular focal adhesions. Our lab previously reported that the induction of focal adhesion disassembly in fibroblasts by TSP-1 or by hep I requires surface expression of Thy-1, as well as lipid raft integrity and Src family kinase (SFK) signaling. We now report that TSP-1/hep I-induced fibroblast migration requires Thy-1 expression and FAK phosphorylation, and that following TSP-1/hep I stimulation, Thy-1 associates with FAK and SFK in a lipid raft-dependent manner. Furthermore, the GPI anchor of Thy-1, which localizes the protein to specific lipid raft microdomains, is necessary for hep I-induced FAK and SFK phosphorylation, focal adhesion disassembly, and migration. This is the first report of an association between Thy-1 and FAK. Thy-1 modulates SFK and FAK phosphorylation and subcellular localization, promoting focal adhesion disassembly and migration in fibroblasts, following exposure to TSP-1/hep I. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Rege TA; Pallero MA; Gomez C; Grenett HE; Murphy-Ullrich JE; Hagood JS
  • Start Page

  • 3752
  • End Page

  • 3767
  • Volume

  • 312
  • Issue

  • 19