Thrombospondin-1-induced focal adhesion disassembly in fibroblasts requires Thy-1 surface expression, lipid raft integrity, and Src activation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The hep I peptide of thrombospondin-1 is known to induce the disassembly of focal adhesions, a critical step in regulating cellular adhesive changes needed for cell motility. Fibroblasts that are heterogeneous with respect to the surface expression of Thy-1 differ markedly in morphology, cytoskeletal organization, and migration, suggesting differential regulation of focal adhesion dynamics. Here we demonstrate that disassembly of focal adhesions mediated by both full-length thrombospondin-1 and the hep I peptide in fibroblasts requires the expression of Thy-1, although it does not appear to function as a stable member of the hep I receptor complex. Consistent with a known function of Thy-1 in regulating lipid raft-associated signaling, intact lipid rafts are necessary for hep I-mediated focal adhesion disassembly. Furthermore, we establish Src family kinase (SFK) activation as a novel component required for hep I-induced signaling leading to focal adhesion disassembly. hep I induces transient phosphorylation of SFKs in Thy-1-expressing fibroblasts only. Therefore, we conclude that Thy-1 surface expression is required for thrombospondin-1-induced focal adhesion disassembly in fibroblasts through an SFK-dependent mechanism. This represents a novel role for Thy-1 in the regulation of fibroblast-matrix interactions critical to tissue homeostasis and remodeling.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Barker TH; Pallero MA; MacEwen MW; Tilden SG; Woods A; Murphy-Ullrich JE; Hagood JS
  • Start Page

  • 23510
  • End Page

  • 23516
  • Volume

  • 279
  • Issue

  • 22