The currently available 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) elicits good immune response to and is effective against vaccine serotypes. However, its effectiveness against vaccine-related serotypes is variable. Serum samples were obtained 1 month after the last vaccination from 31 infants immunized with PCV7 at 2, 4, and 6 months of age. The sera were used to determine immunoglobulin G antibody levels to eight serotypes (seven vaccine serotypes and serotype 19A) with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and opsonic capacity against 11 serotypes (seven vaccine serotypes, serotypes 19A and 6A, and nonvaccine serotypes 5 and 7F) using a multiplexed opsonization assay. ELISA results showed antibody concentrations varied between 1.84 and 10.49 μg/ml, and all subjects had antibody concentrations of ≥0.35 μg/ml for all serotypes, including serotype 19A. In contrast, the opsonic index was detectable (i.e., opsonic index ≥ 8) in all children for the seven vaccine serotypes, 81% for serotype 6A, and merely 19% for serotype 19A. PCV7 shows good immunogenicity for vaccine serotypes in infants after a primary series. PCV7 does not elicit opsonic antibodies to serotype 19A. ELISA may thus be an inadequate surrogate assay for evaluating the response for crossreactive serotypes in infants. Copyright © 2009, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.