Clonal characterization of the human IgG antibody repertoire to Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide. Demonstration of three types of V regions and their association with H and L chain isotypes

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The antibody response to Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide (Hib-PS) is pauciclonal but can vary between different individuals. To estimate the size of this antibody repertoire we examined the constant and V regions of human IgG anti-Hib antibodies from 14 individuals at the clonal level using various serologic and IEF methods. Examination of H chains showed that 11 of 14 individuals produced both IgG1 and IgG2 antibodies, two individuals produced only IgG2 and one individual produced only IgG1 antibody. All 14 individuals produced κ-containing antibody clones and three persons also produced significant λ-containing antibody clones. V region heterogeneity was examined by comparing cross-reactivity of anti-Hib-PS antibodies to the capsular polysaccharide of Escherichia coli K100 carbohydrate (K100 CHO). These studies showed that clones of IgG anti-Hib-PS antibodies cross-reactive with K100 CHO were present in 5 of 14 (36%) individuals and also revealed at least three types of V regions among these antibodies. The first type has no cross-reaction with K100 CHO and was found in 13 of the 14 individuals. The second type, found in three of 14 individuals, cross-reacts with K100 CHO and uses a λ L chain V region. The third type, found in 2 of 14 individuals, cross-reacts with K100 CHO and uses a κL chain V region. Although the λ type V region was found only in association with IgG2, the other two V region types associate with both IgG1 and IgG2. Thus, five IgG antibody clones are serologically discernable. An individual generally responds to Hib-PS by expressing several clones selected from these discernable antibody clones. Indeed, we can observe six individual response patterns among these 14 individuals and conclude that considerable variability in individual responses to Hib-PS can be achieved with very few V regions.
  • Authors

    Author List

  • Tarrand JJ; Scott MG; Takes PA; Nahm MH
  • Start Page

  • 2519
  • End Page

  • 2526
  • Volume

  • 142
  • Issue

  • 7