Mitogens generally stimulate human IgG subclass production in amounts proportional to their abundance in serum (IgG1 > IgG2 > IgG3 > IgG4). We report here that a combination of Staphylococcus aureus Cowan strain I and pokeweed mitogen consistently stimulates human peripheral blood lymphocytes in vitro to preferentially produce more IgG1 and IgG3 than IgG2. This preferential stimulation can be measured by increases in the number of immunoblasts (cells with detectable cytoplasmic immunoglobulin) as well as in secreted immunoglobulin. The preferential stimulation pattern is established by the fourth day of culture and is maintained at least until the tenth day. Removal of T cells and subsequent stimulation of B cells with S. aureus Cowan I and interleukin 1 (IL-1) interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 4 (IL-4), or interferon-γ (IFN-γ) failed to enhance any IgG subclass production, indicating the requirement for multiple lymphokines in IgG subclass production. The significance of these findings is discussed with respect to B-cell regulatory molecules and the coordinate expression of IgG subclasses. © 1989.