Our studies on the effects of temperature on the demonstration of neurosecretory granules using argyrophil stains indicate an inverse relationship between the time needed for staining and temperature of the silver and reducing solutions. Careful monitoring of the temperature of silver solutions during the Grimelius procedure and its modifications show long incubation times serve in large part only to bring the solutions to reaction temperature. Tissue sections added when this temperature has been reached will stain with the same intensity as sections impregnated for the entire incubation period. We have modified the argyrophil procedure so that double-impregnation with solutions preheated to 60-70 C and development in Bodian's reducer prepared with preheated water rapidly demonstrates secretory granules. Our method does not require a microwave oven and much shorter incubation periods are required than with usual procedures. It is not necessary to incubate sections in hot solutions for extended periods of time, which can lead to detachment of sections, nonspecific staining and decomposition of the silver solution. Rinsing after impregnation and before development greatly increases contrast of argyrophil cells by reducing background staining. Our procedure results in more reliable staining of argyrophil and argentaffin cells and takes only ten minutes.