PURPOSE: Severe abdominal pain secondary to chronic pancreatitis is often multifactorial in origin. Lateral pancreaticojejunostomy (LPJ) is currently the accepted surgical treatment of choice when the main pancreatic duct is dilated. Chemical ablation of the celiac plexus for the treatment of intractable pain in chronic pancreatitis has been used without clear benefit. The aim of this study is to compare treatment outcomes of 2 groups of patients with the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis and intractable abdominal pain (LPJ alone versus LPJ with intraoperative alcohol celiac ablation). METHODS: Between 1994 and 1997, 34 patients underwent LPJ to control intractable pain secondary to chronic pancreatitis. These patients were divided into 2 groups, group 1 was LPJ only (16 patients) and group 2 was LPJ and intraoperative celiac ablation with 50% absolute alcohol (18 patients). Preoperative diagnosis and treatment criteria were similar for both groups. The clinical characteristics and outcome of both groups were retrospectively analyzed. Fisher exact test was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Demographic characteristics were similar in both groups. Pain control at short- and long-term follow-up was significantly improved in group 2 compared with group 1 (p < 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative celiac ablation in addition to LPJ appears to have a better response than does LPJ alone. Even though the number of patients is small, these results provide a basis for pursuing a prospective, randomized study to definitively answer this question. (Curr Surg 58:220-222. © 2001 by the Association of Program Directors in Surgery.).