Chlorination and nitration of soy isoflavones.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Diets enriched in soy foods containing a high concentration of isoflavonoids are associated with a decrease in the incidence of several chronic inflammatory diseases. Studies with experimental models of diseases, such as atherosclerosis, suggest that these effects can be ascribed to the biological properties of the isoflavones. Since the isoflavones and tyrosine have structural similarities and modifications to tyrosine by inflammatory oxidants such as hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) have been recently recognized, we hypothesized that the isoflavones also react with HOCl and ONOO(-). Using an in vitro approach, we demonstrate in the present study that the isoflavones genistein, daidzein, and biochanin-A can be chlorinated and nitrated by these oxidants. These reactions were investigated using high-performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance. In the reaction with HOCl, both mono- and dichlorinated derivatives of genistein and biochanin-A are formed, whereas with daidzein only a monochlorinated derivative was detected. The reaction between genistein or daidzein and ONOO(-) yielded a mononitrated product. However, no nitrated product was detected with biochanin-A. Furthermore, the reaction between genistein and sodium nitrite and HOCl yielded a chloronitrogenistein derivative, as well as a dichloronitrogenistein derivative. These results indicate that the ability of the isoflavones to react with these oxidant species depends on their structure and suggest that they could be formed under conditions where these reactive species are generated under pathological conditions.
  • Keywords

  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Genistein, Hypochlorous Acid, Isoflavones, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Mass Spectrometry, Nitrates, Soybeans
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Boersma BJ; Patel RP; Kirk M; Jackson PL; Muccio D; Darley-Usmar VM; Barnes S
  • Start Page

  • 265
  • End Page

  • 275
  • Volume

  • 368
  • Issue

  • 2