Coordinated regulation of endothelial cell migration is an integral process during angiogenesis. However, molecular mechanisms regulating endothelial cell migration remain largely unknown. Increased expression of cell adhesion molecules has been implicated during angiogenesis, yet the precise role of these molecules is unclear. Here, we examined the hypothesis that intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is important for endothelial cell migration. Total cell displacement and directional migration were significantly attenuated in ICAM-1-deficient endothelium. Closer examination of ICAM-1-deficient cells revealed decreased Akt Thr308 and endothelial nitric-oxide synthase Ser1177 phosphorylation and NO bioavailability, increased actin stress fiber formation, and a lack of distinct cell polarity compared with wild-type endothelium. Supplementation of ICAM-1 mutant cells with the NO donor DETA NONOate (0.1 μM) corrected the migration defect, diminished stress fiber formation, and enhanced pseudopod and uropod formation. These data demonstrate that ICAM-1 facilitates the development of cell polarity and modulates endothelial cell migration through a pathway regulating endothelial nitric-oxide synthase activation and organization of the actin cytoskeleton.