Feasibility of nitric oxide administration by oxygen hood in neonatal pulmonary hypertension

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: To test the hemodynamic efficacy and feasibility of nitric oxide (NO) administration by oxygen hood in neonatal pulmonary hypertension. Study Design: A double-hood apparatus was used in which a combination of NO, O2, and N2 was introduced into the inner hood and suctioned from the outer hood. Chronically instrumented non-intubated piglets were exposed to 10% O2 (hypoxia; n = 8) or group B streptococci infusion (GBS; n = 5) to produce pulmonary hypertension and were then exposed to 20 ppm NO. Results: NO decreased ( > 50%) pulmonary artery pressure and vascular resistance in both hypoxia- and GBS-induced pulmonary hypertension, with minimal effects on systemic arterial pressure and cardiac output. NO administration could be performed without detectable environmental leakage. Conclusion: Hood NO administration is feasible and shows hemodynamic efficacy in neonatal piglets with pulmonary hypertension.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 25045254
  • Author List

  • Ambalavanan N; St John E; Carlo WA; Bulger A; Philips JB
  • Start Page

  • 50
  • End Page

  • 56
  • Volume

  • 22
  • Issue

  • 1