Unintentional injury in preschool boys with and without early onset of disruptive behavior.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: To determine subsequent risk of unintentional injury among preschool boys diagnosed with ODD, boys with comorbid ODD and ADHD, and boys matched demographically to the clinical sample; to test predictive validity of a measure of injury proneness; and to examine factors that might predict injury beyond clinic status. METHODS: Seventy-nine consecutive clinic-referred preschool-age boys and 76 demographically matched boys without disruptive behavior participated in a 2-year prospective longitudinal design. Time 1 assessment included clinical diagnosis, parent-reported injury proneness, attachment, and verbal abilities. Injury history was measured 1 and 2 years later. RESULTS: Clinic-referred children had more injuries than the comparison group. Children with comorbid ODD and ADHD had approximately the same injury rate as those with ODD but not ADHD. Parent-reported injury proneness was unrelated to subsequent injuries. Neither attachment nor verbal ability predicted injury significantly beyond clinic status. CONCLUSIONS: Children with early disruptive behavior are at increased risk of unintentional injury and therefore should be considered prime candidates for injury prevention campaigns.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Keywords

  • Age Factors, Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders, Child, Preschool, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Intention, Male, Prospective Studies, Surveys and Questionnaires, Wounds and Injuries
  • Author List

  • Schwebel DC; Speltz ML; Jones K; Bardina P
  • Start Page

  • 727
  • End Page

  • 737
  • Volume

  • 27
  • Issue

  • 8