Evaluation of a Drowning Prevention Program Based on Testimonial Videos: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVE: Unintentional drowning is the most common cause of childhood death in rural China. Global intervention efforts offer mixed results regarding the efficacy of educational programs. METHODS: Using a randomized controlled design, we evaluated a testimonial-based intervention to reduce drowning risk among 280 3rd- and 4th-grade rural Chinese children. Children were randomly assigned to view either testimonials on drowning risk (intervention) or dog-bite risk (control). Safety knowledge and perceived vulnerability were measured by self-report questionnaires, and simulated behaviors in and near water were assessed with a culturally appropriate dollhouse task. RESULTS: Children in the intervention group had improved children's safety knowledge and simulated behaviors but not perceived vulnerability compared with controls. CONCLUSIONS: The testimonial-based intervention's efficacy appears promising, as it improved safety knowledge and simulated risk behaviors with water among rural Chinese children.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • China, child, drowning, prevention, rural, testimonial, Child, China, Drowning, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Health Promotion, Humans, Male, Risk-Taking, Rural Health, Safety, Surveys and Questionnaires, Treatment Outcome, Video Recording
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Shen J; Pang S; Schwebel DC
  • Start Page

  • 555
  • End Page

  • 565
  • Volume

  • 41
  • Issue

  • 5